Yalu River


Yalu River
Yalu River
Yalurivermap.png
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 鴨綠江
Simplified Chinese 鸭绿江
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 압록강
Hancha 鴨綠江
Manchu name
Manchu Yalu ula
(Möllendorf)

Manchu script ᠶᠠᠯᡠ ᡠᠯᠠ.SVG

The Yalu River (Manchu and Chinese) or the Amnok River (Korean) is a river on the border between North Korea and the People's Republic of China.

Together with the Tumen River to its east, and a small portion on Changbai Mountain, the Yalu River forms the border between North Korea and the People's Republic of China.

The Chinese name translates literally as Duck Green River, but is actually a phonetic rendering of a Manchu word meaning "the boundary between two countries"[citation needed]. The Korean name is the Korean pronunciation of Hanja characters.

Contents

Geography

Two bridges crossing the Yalu (Amnokgang) at Sinŭiju and Dandong.

From 2,500 m above sea level on Changbai Mountain, on the China-North Korea border, the river flows south to Hyesan before sweeping 130 km northwest to Linjiang and then returning to a more southerly route for a further 300 km to empty into the Korea Bay between Dandong (China) and Sinŭiju (North Korea).

The bordering Chinese provinces are Jilin and Liaoning.

The river is 790 km (491 mi) long and receives the water from over 30,000 km² of land. The Yalu's most significant tributaries are the Changjin (장진강, 長津江), Heochun (허천강, 虚川江) and Tokro rivers. The river is not easily navigable for most of its length: although at its widest it is around 5 km, the depth is no greater than 3 m and much of the river is heavily silted.

History

The river basin is the site where the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo rose to power. Many former fortresses are located along the river and the former capital of that kingdom was situated at what is now the medium-sized city of Ji'an, China along the Yalu, a site rich in Goguryeo era relics.

The river has been the site of several battles because of its strategic location between Korea and China, including:

The Korean side of the river was heavily industrialized during Colonial Korea (1910–1945), and by 1945 almost 20% of Imperial Japan's total industrial output originated in Korea. During the Korean War the movement of UN troops approaching the river precipitated massive Chinese intervention from around Dandong. In the course of the conflict every bridge across the river except one was destroyed. The one remaining bridge was the Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge connecting Sinuiju, North Korea to Dandong, China. During the war the valley surrounding the western end of the river also became the focal point of a series of dogfights for air superiority over North Korea, earning the nickname "MiG Alley" in reference to the MiG-15 fighters flown by the combined North Korean, Chinese and Soviet forces. U.S. General Mark W. Clark initiated Operation Moolah to influence a Communist MiG-15 pilot to defect with the MiG to South Korea in 1953 and receive a financial award and political asylum. LT No Kum-Sok would defect after the signing of the armistice in September 1953.

The river has frequently been crossed by North Koreans fleeing to China Since the early 1990s.

Economy

The river is important for hydroelectric power, and one of the largest hydroelectric dams in Asia is in Sup'ung Rodongjagu, 100 m high and over 850 m long, located upstream from Sinuiju, North Korea. The dam has created an artificial lake over a portion of the river, called Sapung Lake. In addition the river is used for transportation, particularly of lumber from its forested banks. The river provides fish for the local population.

Crossings

  • Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, Dandong, China - Sinŭiju, North Korea
  • Ji'an Yalu River Border Railway Bridge, Ji'an China - Manp'o, North Korea

See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yalu River — Chinese Yalu Jiang or Ya lü Chiang Korean Amnok kang River, eastern Asia, between northeastern China and North Korea. Some 491 mi (790 km) long, it rises on the northern border of North Korea, then flows to Korea Bay. It is an important source of …   Universalium

  • Yalu River — noun 1. river in eastern Asia; rises in North Korea and flows southwest to Korea Bay (forming part of the border between North Korea and China) • Syn: ↑Yalu • Regions: ↑China, ↑People s Republic of China, ↑mainland China, ↑Communist China, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Yalu River, Battle of — (1904)    An early action of the Russo Japanese War. At the end of April 1904, Russian forces under General Zasulich met Japanese forces under the command of General Kuroki at the point where the Yalu River meets the Ai River. The Japanese forces …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Battle of Yalu River (1904) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Yalu River partof=the Russo Japanese War caption=Japanese Cavalry Crossing the Yalu River date=30 April 1 May, 1904 place=Near Wiju, border of Korea and Manchuria result=Japanese victory… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of the Yalu River (1894) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Yalu River (1894) caption=The French built Matsushima , flagship of the Imperial Japanese Navy, during the battle of the Yalu River partof=the First Sino Japanese War date=September 17, 1894… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Yalu River — can refer to:* Battle of Yalu River (1894), during the First Sino Japanese War * Battle of Yalu River (1904), during the Russo Japanese WarThis is not to be confused with Battle of the Yalau river, which occurred in Xiangong province …   Wikipedia

  • Yalu — noun river in eastern Asia; rises in North Korea and flows southwest to Korea Bay (forming part of the border between North Korea and China) • Syn: ↑Yalu River • Regions: ↑China, ↑People s Republic of China, ↑mainland China, ↑Communist China, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Yalu — The name Yalu can mean: * The Yalu River which runs along the border between China and North Korea. * Yalo in Palestine, depopulated during the 1967 Arab Israeli War. In Biblical times it was called Aijalon …   Wikipedia

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Yalu — Yalou Yalou Caractéristiques Longueur 800 km Bassin 30 000 km2 …   Wikipédia en Français


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