- Monarchies in Africa
There are presently as many as 165 monarchies in Africa; that is: self-governing states, territories, or nations on the continent of Africa where supreme power resides with an individual, who is recognised as the head of state. All are similar in that the sovereign inherits his or her office and usually keeps it until death or abdication. However, only five are sovereign, while the remaining are sub-national monarchies. Of the former, four are constitutional monarchies, wherein the sovereign is bound by laws and customs in the exercise of his or her powers, and one is an absolute monarchy, wherein the sovereign rules without bounds; currently three of these monarchies are independent states, while the remaining two are dependencies of European monarchies. Those monarchies that are sub-national in nature are not sovereign, and exist within larger political associations.
Some Contemporary Monarchies
State Dependency Succession Monarch Reign since Heir apparent Lesotho Kingdom; constitutional Elective Letsie III 12 November 1990 TO be determined by Senate of Lesotho when necessary Morocco Kingdom; constitutional Agnatic primogeniture Mohammed VI 23 July 1999 Moulay Hassan, Crown Prince of Morocco Swaziland Kingdom; absolute Elective Mswati III 25 April 1986 Unknown Territory Type Succession Monarch Reign since Heir apparent Canary Islands
(Kingdom of Spain)
Autonomous community Cognatic primogeniture Juan Carlos 22 November 1975 Felipe, Prince of Asturias Ceuta
(Kingdom of Spain)
Autonomous community Cognatic primogeniture Juan Carlos 22 November 1975 Felipe, Prince of Asturias Melilla
(Kingdom of Spain)
Autonomous community Cognatic primogeniture Juan Carlos 22 November 1975 Felipe, Prince of Asturias Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
British overseas territory Male primogeniture[N 1] Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 Charles, Prince of Wales Nation[N 2] Type Succession Monarch Reign since Heir apparent Zululand
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu 17 September 1968 Misuzulu Zulu Ashanti
Sub-national monarchy Elective Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II 26 April 1999 Unknown Barotseland
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Lubosi II October 2000 Buganda
Sub-national monarchy Elective Muwenda Mutebi II 31 July 1993 Unknown Bunyoro
Sub-national monarchy Iguru I 1994 Busoga
Sub-national monarchy Elective TBA Unknown Kano
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Ado Bayero October 1963 Kanongesha-Lunda
(Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Zambia)
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Mbumb II Muteb 1997 Toro Kingdom
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Rukidi IV 5 September 1995 TBA Rwenzururu
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Charles Mumbere 1999
Former Commonwealth realms
- The Gambia (abolished 1970)
- Ghana (abolished 1960)
- Kenya (abolished 1964)
- Malawi (abolished 1966)
- Mauritius (abolished 1992)
- Federation of Nigeria (abolished 1963)
- Sierra Leone (abolished 1971)
- South Africa (abolished 1961)
- Tanganyika (abolished 1962)
- Uganda (abolished 1963)
- Iron Age empires of North Africa
- Medieval (8th to 13th century) Islamic empires (caliphates) in North Africa
- the medieval Sahelian kingdoms
- The Ethiopian Empire is notable as an empire in continuous existence from the 13th to the 20th centuries, succumbing neither to the Islamic conquests nor to European colonialism.
- empires of the "transitional period" of the 15th to 19th centuries.
- The Merina Kingdom of Madagascar.
- Ankole (Uganda) (abolished 1967)
- Burundi (Kingdom of) (abolished 1966)
- Central African Empire (abolished 1979)
- Congo Free State (annexed by Belgium 1908)
- Egypt (Kingdom of) (abolished 1953)
- Ethiopia (Empire of) (abolished 1975)
- Libya (Kingdom of) (abolished 1969)
- Rhodesia (not recognized; abolished 1970)
- Rwanda (Kingdom of) (abolished 1961)
- Tunisia (Kingdom of) (abolished 1957)
- Zanzibar (Sultanate of) (abolished 1964)
- ^ Equal primogeniture is being considered.
- ^ Nation here refers to the more strict usage of the word, meaning a body of people or a community. The monarchies in this column are all sub-national monarchies, and do not constitute sovereign states.
- ^ Pierce, Andrew (24 December 2005). "Call me George, suggests Charles". The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-1958477,00.html. Retrieved 2006-08-04.
Monarchies List of current sovereign monarchs · List of current constituent monarchs By continent By countryAntigua and Barbuda · Australia · Andorra · The Bahamas · Bahrain · Barbados · Belize · Belgium · Bhutan · Brunei · Cambodia · Canada · Denmark · Grenada · Jamaica · Japan · Jordan · Kuwait · Liechtenstein · Lesotho · Luxembourg · Malaysia · Monaco · Morocco · Netherlands · New Zealand · Norway · Oman · Papua New Guinea · Qatar · Spain · Saint Kitts and Nevis · Saint Lucia · Saint Vincent and the Grenadines · Saudi Arabia · Solomon Islands · Swaziland · Sweden · Thailand · Tonga · Tuvalu · United Arab Emirates · United Kingdom · Vatican City By type Italics indicate Commonwealth realms, which each share the same person as head of state.
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