Isabella of Angoulême


Isabella of Angoulême

Infobox British Royalty|majesty|consort
name =Isabella
title =Queen consort of England
Countess of Angoulême
reign =August 24, 1200 - 19 October 1216
coronation =August 24 1200



imgw =210px
spouse =John of England
Hugh X of Lusignan
issue =Henry III of England
Richard, Earl of Cornwall
Joan, Queen of Scotland
Isabella, Holy Roman Empress
Eleanor, Countess of Pembroke
Hugh XI of Lusignan
Aymer de Valence
Alice le Brun de Lusignan
William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke
full name =
titles =
royal house =House of Taillifer
father =Aymer of Angoulême
mother =Alice of Courtenay
date of birth = c. 1188
place of birth =
date of christening =
place of christening =
date of death = May 31, 1246
place of death =flagicon|France Fontevraud Abbey
date of burial =
place of burial = flagicon|FranceFontevraud Abbey|

Isabella of Angoulême (Fr. "Isabelle d'Angoulême" ; (1188 [The Complete Peerage] – May 31, 1246) was Countess of Angoulême and queen consort of England.

Queen of England

She was the only daughter and heir of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, by Alix de Courtenay. Her paternal grandparents were William V Taillefer, Count of Angouleme and Marguerite de Turenne. Her maternal grandparents were Pierre de Courtenay and Elizabeth de Courtenay. Her maternal great-grandfather was King Louis VI of France. She became Countess of Angoulême in her own right in 1202, by which time she was already queen of England. Her marriage to King John took place on August 24, 1200, at Bordeaux, a year after he annulled his first marriage to Isabel of Gloucester. At the time of this marriage Isabella was aged about twelve, and her beauty was renowned; she is sometimes called the "Helen" of the Middle Ages by historians.

It could not be said to have been a successful marriage, as Isabella was much younger than her husband and had a fiery character to match his. Before their marriage, she had been betrothed to Hugh le Brun, Count of Lusignan [ [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ANGOULEME.htm#HuguesXLusignandied1249B Hugues X of Lusignan] ] , son of the then Count of La Marche. As a result of John's temerity in taking her as his second wife, King Philip II of France confiscated all his French lands, and armed conflict ensued.

Second marriage

When John died in 1216, Isabella was still in her twenties. She returned to France and in 1220 proceeded to marry Hugh X of Lusignan, now Count of La Marche, her former fiancé's son. By him, Isabella had nine more children. Their eldest son Hugh XI of Lusignan succeeded his father as Count of La Marche and Count of Angouleme in 1249.

Death and burial

Isabella was accused of plotting against King Louis IX of France in 1244; she fled to Fontevrault Abbey, where she died on May 31, 1246, and was buried there. At her own insistence she was first buried in the churchyard, as an act of repentance for her many misdeeds. On a visit to Fontevrault her son King Henry III of England was shocked to find her buried outside the Abbey and ordered her immediately moved inside. She was finally placed beside Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Afterwards most of her many children, having few prospects in France, set sail for England and the court of their half-brother King Henry III.

Issue

* With King John of England: 5 children, all of whom survived into adulthood, including:
# King Henry III of England (b. 1 October1207 – d. 16 November1272) Married Eleanor of Provence
# Richard, Earl of Cornwall and King of the Romans (b. 5 January1209 – d. 2 April1272). Married firstly Isabel Marshal, secondly Sanchia of Provence, and thirdly Beatrice of Falkenburg.
# Joan (b. 22 July1210 – d. 1238), the wife of King Alexander II of Scotland
# Isabella (b. 1214 – d. 1241), the wife of Emperor Frederick II
# Eleanor (b. 1215 – d. 1275), who would marry firstly William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and secondly Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.

* With Hugh X of Lusignan, the Count of La Marche: 9 children, all of whom survived into adulthood, including:
# Hugh XI of Lusignan (b. 1221 – d.1250), Count of La Marche and Count of Angoulême. Married Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Penthièvre and of Porhoet
# Aymer de Valence (b. 1222 – d. 1260), Bishop of Winchester
# Agnès de Lusignan (b. 1223 – d. 1269), married William II de Chauvigny
# Alice le Brun de Lusignan (b. 1224 – d. February 9, 1256), married John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey and had issue
# Guy de Lusignan (b. 1225? – d. 1264), killed at the Battle of Lewes. "(Tufton Beamish maintains that he escaped to France after the Battle of Lewes and died there in 1269)"
# Geoffrey de Lusignan (b. 1226? – d. 1274), married in 1259 Jeanne, Viscountess of Châtellerault and had issue
# William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke (b. 1228? – d. 1296) Married Joan de Munchensi. Had issue
# Marguerite de Lusignan (b. 1229? – d. 1288), married 1243 Raymond VII of Toulouse, married c. 1246 Aimery IX de Thouars, Viscount of Thouars
# Isabelle de Lusignan (1234 – January 14, 1299), married Geoffrey de Rancon

Notes

External links

* [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ANGOULEME.htm#Isabelledied1246A FMG on Isabelle d’Angoulême]
* [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ANGOULEME.htm#HuguesXLusignandied1249B COMTES d'ANGOULÊME et de la MARCHE (LUSIGNAN) in English]

References

*Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 1-25, 80-29, 117-27, 153A-28, 154-28, 258-27, 260-29, 275-27
*"Isabelle d'Angoulême, Reine d'Angleterre", by Sophie Fougère
*"Isabella: Queen Without a Conscience", by Rachel Bard (historical novel)


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