- Manual of The Mother Church
The "Church Manual" or "Manual" went through 88 revisions during Eddy's lifetime. The 89th edition incorporates revisions said to be in process prior to Eddy's death but apparently lacked her formal final sanction. A small minority of Christian Science adherents reject it for that reason; the majority tend to be either unaware of them or regard the changes as not of significant consequence.
The Manual consists of sixteen articles of various by-laws addressing subjects from church structure to discipline and individual practice. Its appendix also includes provisions for membership application, church service order, and a Deed of Trust for the church's land conveyance. Christian Scientists almost universally hold the Manual in high regard with respect to religious practice also.
While Eddy's Manual established limited executive functions under the rule of law in place of a traditional hierarchy, the controversial 1991 publication of a book by Bliss Knapp led the then Christian Science Board of Directors to make the unusual affidavit during a suit over Knapp's estate that neither acts by it violating the Manual, nor acts refraining from required action, constituted violation of the Manual. A second, traditionally-minded minority held that the Board's act in publishing Knapp's book constituted a fundamental violation of several by-laws and its legal trust, automatically mandating the offending Board's resignations under Article I, Section 9.
Many of the first minority who reject the 89th edition also believe that Eddy intended various requirements for her consent (in their view, "estoppels") to effect the church's dissolution on her passing, since they could no longer be heeded literally. Ironically, one of the stronger arguments against this position came from Bliss Knapp, who claimed that Eddy understood through her lawyer that these would not constitute an impediment to normal operation after her death.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
The Destiny of The Mother Church — (1991, ISBN 087510231X) is the primary and theologically disputed work of Bliss Knapp, the son of Ira O. and Flavia S. Knapp, trusted students of Mary Baker Eddy. According to the Introduction to the Twentieth Century Biographers Series published … Wikipedia
The First Church of Christ, Scientist (Boston, Massachusetts) — The First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, Massachusetts in the United States is The Mother Church and administrative headquarters of the Christian Science Church and is located in the Christian Science Center in the Back Bay neighborhood… … Wikipedia
Mother Church — In Christianity, the term mother church or Mother Church may have one of the following meanings: The first mission church in an area, or a pioneer cathedral A basilica or cathedral The main chapel of a province of a religious order A plantation… … Wikipedia
The First Church of Christ, Scientist — Coordinates: 42°20′40″N 71°05′06″W / 42.34443°N 71.084872°W / 42.34443; 71.084872 … Wikipedia
Church of Christ, Scientist — Classification Christian Geographical areas United States Founder Mary Baker Eddy Origin 1879 Boston, Massachusetts, USA Congregations … Wikipedia
Church of the Gesu — Gesu redirects here. For other uses, see Gesu (disambiguation). Church of the Holy Name of Jesus redirects here. For other uses, see Church of the Holy Name of Jesus (disambiguation). For other uses, see Church of the Gesu (disambiguation).… … Wikipedia
The Scudder family of missionaries in India — Part of a series on Protestant missions in India William Carey Background Christianity Thomas the Apostle Pantaenus Protestantism Indian history Missions timeline … Wikipedia
Church of God in Christ — Classification Protestant Orientation Pentecostal Polity Episcopal Leader Charles E. Blake Geographical areas Worldwide Founder Charles Harrison Mason Origin … Wikipedia
The Carmelite Order — The Carmelite Order † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Carmelite Order One of the mendicant orders. Origin The date of the foundation of the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel has been under discussion from the fourteenth century to … Catholic encyclopedia
The Benedictine Order — The Benedictine Order † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… … Catholic encyclopedia