Douvres-la-Délivrande


Douvres-la-Délivrande

Douvres-la-Délivrande

Basilique-douvres-la-delivrande.jpg
Coat of arms of Douvres-la-Délivrande
Douvres-la-Délivrande is located in France
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Douvres-la-Délivrande
Administration
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Douvres-la-Délivrande
Intercommunality Cœur de Nacre
Mayor Thierry Lefort
(2008–2014)
Statistics
Elevation 17–58 m (56–190 ft)
(avg. 19 m/62 ft)
Land area1 10.71 km2 (4.14 sq mi)
Population2 4,891  (2008)
 - Density 457 /km2 (1,180 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14228/ 14440
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 49°17′39″N 0°22′42″W / 49.2941666667°N 0.378333333333°W / 49.2941666667; -0.378333333333

Douvres-la-Délivrande is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France.

Contents

History

World War II

During the Second World War, Douvres-la-Délivrande was the site of an important German air-detection radar installation, part of the strategic Atlantic Wall defences. Completed in the autumn of 1943, the station was split into two zones by the road from Douvres to Bény-sur-Mer; and heavily fortified with bunkers, machineguns and minefields.

The Northern zone held a large Siemens 'Wasserman' long-range radar and associated structures. The larger Southern zone had two intermediate-range Freya and two short-range Würzburg Riese radars; as well as command and infirmary bunkers, garages and artillery placements. Some 230 Luftwaffe personnel were based at the station, including electricians, engineers and 36 air controllers.

At 11 pm on the night of 5/6 June 1944, the Allies launched intensive jamming of radar frequencies which blinded the entire German radar network from Cherbourg to Le Havre. On the morning of the 6th (D-Day) the antennas at Douvres-la-Délivrande were rendered inoperative by Allied naval artillery bombardment.

Canadian troops who had landed nearby on 'Juno Beach' isolated the station but the Germans successfully defended it for 12 days, awaiting a counter-attack by Panzers; on one occasion it was resupplied with food via a nocturnal paradrop mission from Mont-de-Marsan.

On 17 June, a massive offensive by the British 41 Commando, Royal Marines - preceded by an artillery bombardment and supported by mine-clearing and anti-bunker tanks of 79th Armoured Division - secured the surrender of the garrison.

Present day

The radar site at Douvres-la-Délivrande is now home to a museum, with two of the bunkers housing displays about the evolution and role of radar. The museum also maintains a rare preserved example of the 'Würzburg' radar antenna.

The commune has a war cemetery with the graves of 1123 soldiers from both the Allied and Axis forces:

  • 927 British
  • 180 Germans
  • 11 Canadians
  • 3 Australians
  • 1 Pole
  • 1 unknown soldier

Population

Historical population of Douvres-la-Délivrande
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2008
1821 1916 2356 2877 3983 4809 4891

Twin towns

See also

References

External links




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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Douvres-la-Delivrande — Original name in latin Douvres la Dlivrande Name in other language Douvres, Douvres la Delivrande, Douvres la Dlivrande, Duvr la Delivran, Duvr la Delivrand, du fu lei la dai li fu lang de, Дувр ла Деливран, Дувр ла Деливранд, Дувр ла Делівранд… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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  • Canton de Douvres-la-Délivrande — Administration Pays France Région Basse Normandie Département Calvados Arrondissement Caen C …   Wikipédia en Français

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