Infobox German Location
Art = City
image_photo = Wuppertal elberfeld klein p.jpg
image_caption = Wuppertal Elberfeld
Wappen = Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Wuppertal.png
lat_deg = 51 | lat_min = 16 | lat_sec = 0
lon_deg = 07 | lon_min = 11 | lon_sec = 0
Bundesland = North Rhine-Westphalia
Regierungsbezirk = Düsseldorf
Kreis = urban
Amt = |Gemeindeverwaltungsverband = |Samtgemeinde =
Verbandsgemeinde = |Verwaltungsgemeinschaft = |Verwaltungsverband =
Höhe = 100-350
Fläche = 168.41
Einwohner = 356015
Stand = 2007-12-31
pop_ref = [ [http://www.wuppertal.de/] Dead link|date=March 2008]
PLZ = 42001-42399
Vorwahl = 0202
Kfz = W
Gemeindeschlüssel = 05 1 24 000
NUTS = DEA1A
LOCODE = DE WUP
Website = [http://www.wuppertal.de/ wuppertal.de]
Bürgermeister = Peter Jung
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = CDU
ruling_party1 = CDU
ruling_party2 = SPD
Wuppertal (IPA2|ˈvʊpɐtaːl) is a city in
North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the Wupperriver south of the Ruhr area. Population 361,333 (2005).
Two thirds of the total municipal area is green belt: woods, meadows, gardens and fields. From any part of the city it is only a ten-minute walk to one of the public parks or shady woodland path. At the same time it is a major industrial centre including such industries as: textiles,
metallurgy, chemicals, medicine ( Bayer), electric, rubber, vehicles and printing equipment. One of the most famous pain-killers, Aspirin, was invented in Wuppertal by Bayer.
The city was formed in 1929 by merging
Barmen, Elberfeld, Vohwinkel, Ronsdorf, Cronenberg, Langerfeld, and Beyenburg. The name was initially Barmen-Elberfeld, and after 1930 Wuppertal (“Wupper Valley”). The new city was administered within the Prussian Rhine Province.
Uniquely for Germany it is a
linear city, owing to the steep hillsides along the river Wupper. The dominating city-centres Elberfeld (historic commercial centre) and Barmen (more industrial) form a united built-up area since 1850. In the following decades, this “Wupper-Town” became the dominating industrial agglomeration of the territories in northwestern Germany. Before the 19th century ended, this conurbation had been surpassed by Cologne, Düsseldorfand the Ruhr area, all with much more favourable topography.
World War II, it was destroyed to about 40% by the Alliesas were many other industrial centres at the time. However, a large number of historic sites have been preserved, such as
Ölberg(“Oil Hill”), Germany’s largest working class district, protected as a historic monument. The name accrued in the 1920s by the matter of fact, that the surrounding bourgeois residential quarters already had electric light, while this district still used oil lamps.
* Brill, one of Germany’s largest districts of
Gründerzeit-villas, what means lordly bourgeois mansions, built in the second half of the 19th century.
After the liberation from the Nazi regime, Wuppertal became a part of the British Occupancy Zone, and subsequently a part of the new state North Rhine-Westphalia in
In total, Wuppertal possesses over 4,500 buildings classified as national monuments, most dating from styles as
Neoclassicism, Eclecticism, Historicism, Art Nouveau/ Jugendstiland Bauhaus.
Main sights include:
*Concert hall, a fine masterpieceFact|date=August 2008 of turn-of-the-century architecture ( [http://www.stadthalle-wuppertal.de/ Stadthalle] ),
*Wuppertal Dance Theatre ("Tanztheater Wuppertal"), headed by
Pina Bausch, is world-famousFact|date=August 2008,
*Engels house ("Engelshaus"), architecturally typical of the region. It houses a permanent display of materials associated with
Friedrich Engelsand other famous citizens of Wuppertal,
*Wuppertal Zoo, one of the largestFact|date=August 2008, most nicely landscapedFact|date=August 2008 zoos in Germany with many rare animals,
*Von der Heydt Museum, one of the most important galleriesFact|date=August 2008 in Germany, with works by 19th and 20th century artists. The first of Picasso’s works that ever appeared in public was displayed here.
One of the city’s greatest attractions is the suspended
monorail(“"Wuppertaler Schwebebahn"”), which was established in 1901. The tracks are 8 m above the streets and 12 m above the Wupper river.
Wuppertal in the arts
* The play, "Die Wupper", by
Else Lasker-Schülertakes places in Elberfeld.
* The 2000 movie, "
The Princess and the Warrior" by Tom Tykwer, was filmed in Wuppertal.
* In the 1974
Wim Wendersfilm " Alice in the Cities", the main characters visit Wuppertal.
Noted Wuppertal people
Friedrich Bayer, founder of the Friedrich Bayer paint factory that later became Bayer AG
Arno Breker, sculptor
Udo Dirkschneider, singer in heavy-metal band Accept
Friedrich Engels, historian, co-author of the Communist Manifesto(with Karl Marx)
Hans Knappertsbusch, orchestra conductor
Else Lasker-Schüler, expressionist poet
Ulrich Leyendecker, composer
Reimar Lüst, astrophysicist
Steffen Möller, satirist, soap-opera star and TV celebrity in Poland; the most popular GermanFact|date=August 2008 in Poland
Tyron Montgomery, Oscar-winning film director
Simone Osygus, swimmer
Siegfried Palm, cellist
Johannes Rau, former Federal President of Germany
Alice Schwarzer, one of the leaders of the German feminist movement
Hans Wolfgang Singer, economist
Rita Süssmuth, former President of the German Parliament
Helmut Thielicke, theologian
Tom Tykwer, film director (“Run Lola, Run”, “The Princess and the Warrior”), co-founder of X-Filme syndicate
Günter Wand, orchestra conductor
Sulamith Wülfing, artist and illustrator
Peter Brotzmannand Peter Kowald, noted innovators in modern improvised music
Christoph Maria Herbst, actor
Hermann Ebbinghaus, psychologist who studied memory
Wuppertal is twinned with:
South Tyneside, United Kingdom
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Look at other dictionaries:
Wuppertal — Wuppertal … Wikipédia en Français
Wuppertal — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
WUPPERTAL — WUPPERTAL, city in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany; formed by the amalgamation of Elberfeld, Barmen, and other towns in 1929. Elberfeld had a Jewish population by the latter part of the 16th century – in 1593 every Jew had to contribute ten… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Wuppertal — es una ciudad de Alemania, perteneciente al land de Renania del Norte Westfalia. * * * ► Ciudad del O de Alemania, estado de Renania Septentrional Westfalia; 378 312 h. * * * Ciudad (pob, est. 2002: 364.784 hab.) en el noroeste de Alemania. Está… … Enciclopedia Universal
Wuppertal — [voop′ər täl΄] city in the Ruhr Basin of North Rhine Westphalia, Germany: pop. 388,000 … English World dictionary
Wuppertal — Wappen Deutschlandkarte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wuppertal — /voop euhr tahl /, n. a city in North Rhine Westphalia, in W Germany, in the Ruhr Valley: formed by the union of Barmen, Elberfeld, and smaller communities 1929. 365,500. * * * City (pop, 2002 est.: 364,784), northwestern Germany. Located on the… … Universalium
wuppertal — ˈvu̇pərˌtäl adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Wuppertal, Germany : of or from the city of Wuppertal, Germany : of the kind or style prevalent in Wuppertal … Useful english dictionary
Wuppertal — Wụp|per|tal: Stadt an der Wupper. * * * Wụppertal, kreisfreie Stadt in Nordrhein Westfalen, 100 135 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 369 000 Einwohner; das zentrale Stadtgebiet erstreckt sich über 17 km im engen Tal der tief in die Hochflächen des… … Universal-Lexikon
Wuppertal — Original name in latin Wuppertal Name in other language Boupertal, Gorad Vupertal , UWP, Vupertal, Vupertale, Vupertalis, Vupertle, Vuppertal, Vuppertal , Wupperdaal, Wuppertal, bupeotal, fwbrtal, vupartala, vuppataru, wu po ta er, wuph phe… … Cities with a population over 1000 database