- Charles D. Barrett
Charles Dodson Barrett
MajGen Charles D. Barrett
Born August 16, 1885
Died October 8, 1943(aged 58)
Noumea, New Caledonia
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery Allegiance United States of America Service/branch United States Marine Corps Years of service 1909–1943 Rank Major General Commands held Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps
3rd Marine Brigade
3rd Marine Division
I Marine Amphibious Corps
Battles/wars Veracruz (1914)
World War I
World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Major General Charles Dodson Barrett (16 August 1885 – 8 October 1943) was the first Commanding General of the 3rd Marine Division. He was killed accidentally while on duty in the South Pacific, 8 October 1943. He was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Medal in recognition of his outstanding service during World War II. Camp Barrett, home of The Basic School at Marine Corps Base Quantico is named after him.
Charles Dodson Barrett was born on 16 August 1885, at Henderson, Kentucky. He graduated from high school in Alexandria, Virginia. He was commissioned a U.S. Marine Corps second lieutenant on 11 August 1909. He was assigned duty at the Marine Officers School, Port Royal, South Carolina, the following month. In January 1911, he began a few months duty at the Marine Barracks, Boston, Massachusetts, and was detached on 23 May 1911 to report to the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, to command the Marine detachment aboard the USS Indiana. On 3 September 1911, he transferred to the USS New Jersey.
Barrett landed with the detachment of the USS New Jersey at Vera Cruz, Mexico, on 22 April 1914, and participated in the capture of that city. He was detached from the New Jersey on 13 December 1914 to the Marine Barracks, Norfolk, Virginia.
Barrett's World War I duty included detached service with the United States Army in France from 25 September 1918. He participated in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive of November, 1–3, 1918, and in the spring of 1919 was in command of the 2nd Battalion, 367th Infantry at LeMans, France. Detached from the Army in April, he reported to the Commanding General, 4th Brigade, Marines, at Nieder Bieber, Germany, and was detailed as Adjutant from 11, April. He arrived back in the United States on 3 August 1919.
From 1921–1922, General Barrett served in Santo Domingo and from 1924–27 was a member of the American Battle Monuments Commission, Washington, D.C. He then returned to France to study at the Ecole de Guerre in Paris, and from 1929–33 served as an instructor at the Marine Corps Schools, Quantico, Virginia. During the next two years, he was assigned to the Division of Operations and Training, Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, and from 1935–36 served aboard ship as Division Marine Officer of Battleship Division 4, U.S. Battle Force.
Upon completion of sea duty with the Battle Force, the Barrett spent two and one-half years in the War Plans Section, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Washington, D.C.; and from August 1939 to June 1940, commanded the 5th Marines, 1st Marine Brigade, Fleet Marine Force. He returned to Headquarters, Washington, in July 1940, serving first as Director of the Division of Plans and Policies. Later, he served as Assistant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps, Lieutenant General Thomas Holcomb, from November 1941 to March 1942.
In March 1942, General Barrett assumed command of the 3rd Marine Brigade, and the following month embarked with the Brigade for Samoa, where he welded his command into a fighting unit. He was ordered to the United States in September 1942 to assume command of the 3rd Marine Division, then being organized at Camp Elliott, San Diego, California, and was promoted to major general on assuming this command.
Early in 1943, he embarked with elements of the 3rd Marine Division for Auckland, New Zealand. By August 1943, he had all the major units of his division stationed on Guadalcanal, training intensively for the Bougainville operation.
On 15 September 1943, General Barrett relinquished command of the 3rd Marine Division; and on 27 September 1943, MajGen Barrett replaced General Alexander Vandegrift as the commanding general of the First Marine Amphibious Corps (IMAC) (headquartered on Nouméa, New Caledonia) when Vandegrift was to return to Washington, D.C. to become the 18th Commandant of the Marine Corps. In this capacity, he continued with the planning for the assault on Bougainville until his death three weeks later. Accidentally injured following a cerebral hemorrhage, he died on 8 October 1943 at the base hospital. (The sudden death of General Barrett resulted in Vandegrift's recall to the Pacific to resume command of IMAC.) General Barrett was buried in the American cemetery in New Caledonia. Following the war, he was reinterred in Arlington National Cemetery.
The General's death has always been somewhat shrouded in mystery but it now appears, rather convincingly, that he committed suicide. See the article in the August 2008 issue of Naval History published by the U. S. Naval Institute, beginning at page 40.
Decorations and awards
General Barrett's medals and decorations include:
Distinguished Service Medal citation
General Barrett was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for his World War II service. His citation reads:
"For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility as Assistant Commandant of the United States Marine Corps; Commanding General of the Third Marine Brigade; Commanding General of the Third Marine Division; and as Commanding General of the First Marine Amphibious Corps, prior to and during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the South Pacific Area, from 7 December 1941 to 8 October 1943. Assigned command of the Third Marine Brigade in March 1942, Major General Barrett welded this command into a superb fighting unit, advancing his forces to the shores of Western Samoa and organizing positions on Upolu and Savaili Islands. In conjunction with Naval Units stationed on the islands, he established important air and Naval facilities necessary to strengthen the chain of islands across the South Pacific and protect the vital line of communications to Australia. Returning to the United States in September 1942, to take command of the Third Marine Division, he developed a powerful striking force which was later to blast the enemy from his strongholds on Bougainville, Guam and Iwo Jima and thus pave the way for ultimate victory over the Japanese. Relieving the Commanding General of the First Marine Amphibious Corps on 15 September 1943, Major General Barrett, from his Headquarters on Noumea, New Caledonia, aided in formulating stragegical plans for the assault on Bougainville which was to end enemy opposition to the important development of the Empress Augusta Bay Area as an Allied Airbase and to advance United States control nearer to the shores of the Japanese Homeland. Serving in this capacity until his death on 8 October 1943, Major General Barrett instilled in the officers and men under his command his own spirit of determination and, by his sharp military acumen, his forceful leadership and his indomitable courage, served as an inspiration to his gallant Marines in carrying the fight to the enemy. His conduct throughout reflects the highest credit on the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country."
- ^ Chapin, 1997.
- Major General Charles D. Barrett, USMC, Who's Who in Marine Corps History, History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved on 2007-09-06
- Chapin, Captain John C., USMCR (Ret) (1997). "Planning Operations". Top of the Ladder: Marine Operations in the Northern Solomons. Marines in World War II Commemorative Series, Marine Corps Historical Center, United States Marine Corps. http://www.nps.gov/wapa/indepth/extcontent/usmc/pcn-190-003141-00/sec2.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-03.
- "Charles Dodson Barrett, Major General, United States Marine Corps". Arlington National Cemetery Website. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/cdbarrett.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Rems, Alan P., "Halsey Knows the Straight Story," Naval History (August 2008), suggesting that Barrett committed suicide.
Leadership of the United States Marine Corps
- Tom Fitzpatrick (2003). A Character that Inspired: Major General Charles D. Barrett, USMC, Amphibious Warfare Pioneer. Signature Book Printing, Inc.. ISBN 0-9728664-0-X.
CommandantsNicholas · Burrows · Wharton · Gale · Henderson · Harris · Zeilin · McCawley · Heywood · Elliott · Biddle · Barnett · Lejeune · Neville · Fuller · Russell · Holcomb · Vandegrift · Cates · Shepherd · Pate · Shoup · Greene · Chapman · Cushman · Wilson · Barrow · Kelley · Gray · Mundy · Krulak · Jones · Hagee · Conway · Amos
CommandantsCole · Lejeune · Long · Neville · Feland · Williams · Fuller · Myers · Russell · McDougal · Little · H. Smith · Vandegrift · Barrett · Keyser · Schmidt · Rockey · Peck · Turnage · Shepherd · O. Smith · Silverthorn · Thomas · Pate · Megee · McCaul · Munn · Hayes · Mangrum · Chapman · Walt · McCutcheon · R. Davis · Anderson · Jaskilka · Barrow · McLennan · Kelley · J. Davis · Morgan · Went · J. R. Dailey · Boomer · Hearney · Neal · Dake · Williams · Nyland · Magnus · Amos · Dunford
Sergeants Major Secretary of the Navy (navbox) · Four-star generals · Headquarters Marine Corps · Category
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Charles Golding Barrett — (5 May 1836, Colyton, Devon 11 December 1904 , London) was an English entomologist who specialised in Lepidoptera. He wrote The Lepidoptera of the British Islands : a descriptive account of the families, genera, and species indigenous to… … Wikipedia
Charles Leslie Barrett — For other people named Charles Barrett, see Charles Barrett (disambiguation). Charles Leslie Barrett (26 June 1879 – 16 January 1959) was an Australian naturalist, journalist, author and ornithologist. Born in Hawthorn, Victoria, he was a… … Wikipedia
Barrett — (sometimes spelled Barret or Barratt) is a surname that has been associated with several different people, places and organisations.Barrett is a popular surname in south and west Ireland. It is most common in County Mayo and County Galway as well … Wikipedia
Charles Barrett — may refer to: Charles Leslie Barrett, Australian naturalist, journalist, author and ornithologist Charles D. Barrett, U.S. Marines officer Red Barrett, a former Major League Baseball pitcher Charles Golding Barrett See also Charley Barrett,… … Wikipedia
Barrett (Familienname) — Barrett ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z … Deutsch Wikipedia
Barrett-Lennard Baronets — The Barrett Lennard Baronetcy, of Belhus in the County of Essex, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 30 June 1801 for Thomas Barrett Lennard, subsequently Member of Parliament for Essex South. He was the… … Wikipedia
Charles P. Dixon — Full name Charles Percy Dixon Country United Kingdom … Wikipedia
Charles Edward Magoon — 2nd Military Governor of Panama Canal Zone In office 1905–1906 Preceded by … Wikipedia
Charles Haughey — Taoiseach In office 10 March 1987 – 11 February 1992 Tánaiste Brian Lenihan John Wilson Preceded by … Wikipedia
Barrett — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Barrett Álbum de Syd Barrett Publicación 14 de noviembre de 1970 Grabación 26 de febrero 17 de julio d … Wikipedia Español