Chord chart


Chord chart
A chord chart. About this sound Play

A chord chart (or chart) is a form of musical notation that in addition to writing out non-embellished melody, describes harmonic and rhythmic information. It is the most common form of notation used by professional session musicians playing jazz or popular music. It is intended primarily for a rhythm section (usually consisting of piano, guitar, drums and bass). In these genres the musicians are expected to be able to improvise the actual notes used to represent the chord and the appropriate ornamentation or counter melody.

The harmony is given as a series of chord symbols above a traditional musical staff. The rhythmic information can be very specific and written using a form of traditional notation, sometimes called rhythmic notation, or it can be completely unspecified using slash notation, allowing the musician to fill the bar any way he sees fit (called "comping"). In Nashville notation the key is left unspecified by substituting numbers for chord names.

Contents

History

Chord charts are similar to the figured bass ("basso continuo")[citation needed] system used as early as the beginning of the seventeenth century to allow the continuo ("rhythm section") keyboard to improvise right-hand chords over a written bass line played with the left hand. Since it uses key-relative "figures" rather than absolute chord-names, figured bass most closely resembles Nashville notation (described below).[citation needed]

Rhythmic notation

Rhythmic notation specifies the exact rhythm in which to play or comp the indicated chords. The chords are written above the staff and the rhythm is indicated in the traditional manner, though pitch is unspecified through the use of slashes placed on the center line instead of notes. This is contrasted with the less specific slash notation.[1]

Slash notation

Slash notation in 4/4 with a slash on each beat under a i7 iv7-V7 chord progression in Bb minor

Slash notation is a form of purposefully vague musical notation which indicates or requires that an accompaniment player or players create their own rhythm pattern or comp according to the chord symbol given above the staff. On the staff a slash is placed on each beat (so that there are four slashes per measure in 4/4 time).[1]

Slash notation and rhythmic notation may both be used in the same piece, for example, with the more specific rhythmic notation used in a section where the horn section is playing a specific melody or rhythmic figure that the pianist must support, and with slash notation written for the pianist for use underneath improvised soli.

Nashville notation

Nashville notation or Nashville number system[2] is a method of writing, or sketching out, musical ideas, using numbers in place of chord names. For example, in the key of C major, the chord D minor 7 can be written as "dm7", "2m7", or "ii7".

In the key of C, C=1, D=2, E=3, and so on for all seven notes in the key. So, the chord progression C///F///G///C/// would correspond to 1///4///5///1/// in Nashville notation, while G///C///D///G/// in the key of G would also become 1///4///5///1///.

This method of notation allows musicians who are familiar with basic music theory to play the same song in any key.

Chord charts in computer files

Chord charts can be represented in a schematic way as ASCII files, where bar lines are given as pipe symbols "|", chord symbols are approximated as text and beats may be indicated with a forward slash "/".

In this context, the term "chord chart" is also used to describe a lyric sheet where chord symbols are placed above the appropriate syllables of the lyrics to associate the relative timing of the chord changes to the words of a song.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Konowitz, Bert (1998). Teach Yourself Chords and Progressions at the Keyboard, p.68-69. ISBN 0-7390-0017-9.
  2. ^ Gorow, Ron (2002). Hearing and Writing Music: Professional Training for Today's Musician, p.251. 2nd Edition. ISBN 0962949671.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chord chart — /ˈkɔd tʃat/ (say kawd chaht) noun a listing of the chord progressions which are to accompany a particular melody, especially in jazz, rock or pop music, as distinct from a fully written out accompaniment …   Australian English dictionary

  • chord chart — a chart indicating by means of symbols the identity, sequence, and duration of the musical chords occurring in the accompaniment to a melody. * * * …   Universalium

  • chord chart — a chart indicating by means of symbols the identity, sequence, and duration of the musical chords occurring in the accompaniment to a melody …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chord notation — refers to the written notation for musical chords. Complexities There are a vast number of chords possible, although many are much more commonly found than others in compositions. Although it is possible to notate any chord using staff notation,… …   Wikipedia

  • Chord progression — IV V I progression in C  Play (help· …   Wikipedia

  • Chart — For other uses, see Chart (disambiguation) , Graph (disambiguation) , and Diagram For information about charts in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Graphs and charts. A pie chart. A chart is a graphical representation of data, in which the …   Wikipedia

  • Chart (disambiguation) — For information about charts in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Charts. A chart is a graphical representation of data. Chart may also refer to: A specific type of map, for example: Aeronautical chart, a representation of airspace and ground features… …   Wikipedia

  • Chord Overstreet — Overstreet on the set of Glee, 2011 Born February 17, 1989 (1989 02 17) (age 22) Nashville, Tennessee, United States …   Wikipedia

  • Chord Overstreet — en 2011. Données clés Naissance 17 février& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chord Board — The Chord Board is a color coded slide rule that displays the notes necessary to form or transpose chords in music. The multi colored chart is a 2 octave piano keyboard with numbered note positions and a center slide that displays the notes.… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.