Landscape urbanism

Landscape urbanism

Landscape Urbanism is a theory of urbanism arguing that landscape, rather than architecture, is more capable of organizing the city and enhancing the urban experience. Landscape Urbanism has emerged as a theory in the last ten years and is far from being a coherent doctrine. Charles Waldheim, James Corner, and Mohsen Mostafavi are among the instructors, practitioners, and theorists who have been most responsible for articulating the terms of landscape urbanism. Interestingly, an early and influential landscape urbanism project, Paris's Parc de la Villette, has been influential for both its actual built environment, designed by architect Bernard Tschumi, as well as the runner-up's (unbuilt) design, by Rem Koolhaas. Still, most of the important projects related to this theory have yet to be built, so design competitions have been an influential stage for the development of the theory.


James Corner, in an essay entitled "Terra Fluxus," describes the main qualities of Landscape Urbanism:

* Process in time: urbanization is a dynamic process characterized more by terms like fluidity, spontaneous feedback, and non-linearity, than stabilty, predictability, or rationality. Ecology and systems theory are concepts inherent to the city.

*Surface, not form: horizontality and sprawl in places like Los Angeles, Atlanta, Houston, San Jose, and the suburban fringes of most American cites "is" the new urban reality. As many theories of urbanism attempt to ignore this fact, landscape urbanism accepts it and tries to understand it. Traditional notions of program and structure are not useful in this diffuse urban condition--their scope is small and limiting. Landscape urbanism uses 'territories' and 'potential' instead of 'program' to define a place's use; it finds thinking in terms of adaptable 'systems' instead of rigid 'structures' as a better way to organize space.

*Form: the traditional character of the city; formlessness characterizes nature, that which has been untouched by human intent. This city/nature duality is critical to most theories of the city and nature. Landscape urbanists argue that this is duality is naive and argue for a conflation of landscape and building.

*new working methods:

*imagination and speculation:

ee also

* Landscape architecture
* Urban design
* Urban planning


*Almy, Dean, "Center 14: On Landscape Urbanism", The Center for American Architecture and Design, The University of Texas at Austin, 2007

*Allen, Stan. "Mat Urbanism: The Thick 2-D." "Case: Le Corbusier's Venice Hospital and the Mat Building Revival". Ed. Hashim Sarkis. Munich ; New York: Prestel, 2001.

*Connolly, Peter, "Embracing Openness: Making Landscape Urbanism Landscape Architectural: Part 2", in "The Mesh Book: Landscape/Infrastructure", Edited by Julian Raxworthy and Jessica Blood, RMIT University Press, Melbourne, 2004, 200-219.

*Corner, James, and Alan Balfour. "Recovering Landscape : Essays in Contemporary Landscape Architecture". New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.

*Czerniak, Julia. "CASE--Downsview Park Toronto". Munich ; New York; Cambridge, Mass.: Prestel; Harvard University, Graduate School of Design, 2001.

* [ Kerb 15 - Landscape Urbanism] . This issue includes contributions from Charles Waldheim, Mohsen Mostafavi, FOA, Karres en Brands, Kongjian Yu, Kyong Park, Kathryn Gustafson, Stephen Read, Kelly Shannon, Richard Weller, Sue Anne Ware, Cesar Torres and Adrian Napoleone, Melbourne, RMIT Press, 2007.

*Koolhaas, Rem. "Atlanta." "S,M,L,XL". New York: Monacelli Press, 1999.

*Mostafavi, Mohsen, Ciro Najle, and Architectural Association. "Landscape Urbanism : A Manual for the Machinic Landscape". London: Architectural Association, 2003.

*Waldheim, Charles. [ The Landscape Urbanism Reader] . 1st ed. New York, N.Y.: Princeton Architectural Press, 2006.


*"Fresh Kills Landfill Competition", Field Operations/James Corner
*"Downsview Park Competition", all finalist entries []
*"Parc de la Villette Competition", OMA entry/Rem Koolhaas
*"Schouwburgplein, Rotterdam", West 8/Adriaan Geuze

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Urbanism — is the study of cities mdash; their geographic, economic, political, social and cultural environment, and the imprint of all these forces on the built environment. Urbanism is also the practice of creating human communities for living, work, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Landscape planning — is a branch of landscape architecture. Urban park systems and greenways of the type planned by Frederick Law Olmsted are key examples of urban landscape planning. Landscape designers tend to work for clients who wish to commission construction… …   Wikipedia

  • Landscape (disambiguation) — Landscape comprises the visible features of an area of land.Landscape may also refer to:In geography: * Cultural landscapes are combined works of nature and of man. * Landscape architecture, the art of planning, designing, and managing public and …   Wikipedia

  • Landscape design — is similar to landscape architecture. Landscape Design focuses more on the artistic merits of design, while Landscape Architecture encompasses the artistic design as well as structural engineering. Landscape design and Landscape Architecture,… …   Wikipedia

  • Landscape architect — A landscape architect is a person involved in the planning, design and sometimes oversight of an exterior landscape or space. Their professional practice is known as landscape architecture. The term landsape architect is sometimes mistakenly used …   Wikipedia

  • Landscape architecture — involves the investigation and designed response to the landscape. The scope of the profession includes architectural design, site planning, environmental restoration, town or urban planning, urban design, parks and recreation planning. A… …   Wikipedia

  • Landscape ecology — is the science and art of studying and improving the relationship between spatial pattern and ecological processes on a multitude of scales and organizational levels (Wu 2006, 2008; Wu and Hobbs 2007). In a broad sense, landscape ecology… …   Wikipedia

  • New Urbanism — Neotraditionalism redirects here. For other uses, see Neotraditional. New Urbanism is an urban design movement, which promotes walkable neighborhoods that contain a range of housing and job types. It arose in the United States in the early 1980s …   Wikipedia

  • Space in landscape design — refers to a set of theories that address the meaning and nature of space as a volume and as an element of design.The concept of space as the fundamental medium of landscape design grew from debates tied to modernism, contemporary art,… …   Wikipedia

  • Urban design — concerns the arrangement, appearance and functionality of towns and cities, and in particular the shaping and uses of urban public space. It has traditionally been regarded as a disciplinary subset of urban planning, landscape architecture, or… …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.