Patriarchate of Karlovci

Patriarchate of Karlovci

The Patriarchate of Karlovci (Serbian: "Карловачка патријаршија" or "Karlovačka patrijaršija") was a patriarchate of the Orthodox Church that existed between 1848 and 1920. It was formed in 1848, when former Metropolitanate of Karlovci was elevated to the rank of patriarchate. The Patriarchate of Karlovci existed until 1920, when it was merged with Metropolitanate of Belgrade to form the Patriarchate of Serbia. The seat of the Patriarchate was in Karlovci (today Sremski Karlovci, Serbia).


At the May Assembly in Karlovci in 1848, the Serbs living in the Habsburg Monarchy proclaimed the creation of the Serbian Vojvodina, a Serb autonomous region within the Monarchy. The metropolitan of Karlovci, Josif Rajačić, was also proclaimed a patriarch, thus the Metropolitanate of Karlovci became a Patriarchate.

In the same year when the Patriarchate of Karlovci was created, the Romanians that were previously under jurisdiction of the Metropolitanate of Karlovci proclaimed their separation from the Serbian church, and creation of their own. However, this was not recognized in that time, thus the separate Romanian church was created in 1864, by the emperor's decree.

In 1920, the Patriarchate of Karlovci was merged into the newly formed Patriarchate of Serbia. The current patriarchs of Serbia are the successors of the patriarchs of Karlovci.

Patriarchs (1848-1920)

ee also

*Serbian Orthodox Church
*Metropolitanate of Karlovci
*Religion in Serbia
*Religion in Vojvodina

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