Silver hake, Merluccius bilinearis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Gadiformes
Family: Merlucciidae


Blue grenadier, Macruronus novaezelandiae

Merlucciidae is a family of cod-like fish, including most hakes.[1] They are native to the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, being common in southern waters off Tasmania and New Zealand.

They are large predatory fish inhabiting the waters of the continental shelf and upper continental slope, where they feed on small fish such as lanternfishes. Several species are important commercial fish, notably the blue grenadier, Macruronus novaezelandiae, which grows up to 130 cm long, and is fished in subantarctic waters of the southwest Pacific.


There are 23 species in five genera:

  • Genus Lyconodes
  • Genus Lyconus
    • Lyconus brachycolus (Holt & Byrne, 1906)
    • Lyconus pinnatus (Günther, 1887)
  • Genus Macruronus
    • Cape grenadier, Macruronus capensis (Davies, 1950).
    • Macruronus maderensis (Maul, 1951)
    • Patagonian grenadier, Macruronus magellanicus (Lönnberg, 1907)
    • Blue grenadier, also known as hoki, blue hake, New Zealand whiptail, whiptail, or whiptail hake, Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871).
  • Genus Merluccius
    • Haddock or offshore hake, Merluccius albidus (Mitchill, 1818).
    • Panama hake, Merluccius angustimanus Garman, 1899
    • Southern hake, Merluccius australis (Hutton, 1872)
    • Silver hake, Merluccius bilinearis (Mitchill, 1814)
    • Shallow-water cape hake, Merluccius capensis (Castelnau, 1861)
    • South Pacific hake, Merluccius gayi gayi (Guichenot, 1848)
    • Peruvian hake, Merluccius gayi peruanus (Ginsburg, 1954)
    • Cortez hake, Merluccius hernandezi (Mathews, 1985)
    • Argentine hake, Merluccius hubbsi (Marini, 1933)
      Luminous hake, Steindachneria argentea
    • European hake, Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Deep-water cape hake, Merluccius paradoxus (Franca, 1960)
    • Merluccius patagonicus (Lloris & Matallanas, 2003)
    • Benguela hake, Merluccius polli (Cadenat, 1950)
    • North Pacific hake, Pacific hake, or Pacific whiting, Merluccius productus (Ayres, 1855)
    • Senegalese hake, Merluccius senegalensis (Cadenat, 1950)
  • Genus Steindachneria
    • Luminous hake, Steindachneria argentea (Goode & Bean, 1896)


  1. ^ Lloris, Domingo (2005). Hakes of the world (family Merlucciidae) : an annotated and illustrated catalogue of hake species known to date. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 925104984X.  available for download at