- Prince regent
:"For the station on the
Docklands Light Railway, see Prince Regent DLR station."A prince regent (or prince-regent) is a princewho rules a monarchy as Regentinstead of a Monarch, e.g., due to the Sovereign's incapacity (minority or illness) or absence (remoteness, such as exile or long voyage, or simply no incumbent). While the term itself can have the generic meaning and refer to any prince who fills the role of regent, historically it has mainly been used to describe a small number of individual Princes who were Regents.
Prince Regent in the United Kingdom
In the English language the title "Prince Regent" is most commonly associated with George IV, who held the style "HRH" The Prince Regent during the incapacity of his father, George III (see
Regentfor other regents). Regent's Parkand Regent Streetin Londonare named after him.
This period is known as the
British Regency, or just the Regency.
The title was conferred by the Regency Act on
February 5, 1811. Subject to certain limitations for a period, the Prince Regent was able to exercise the full powers of the King. The precedent of the Regency Crisis of 1788 (from which George III recovered before it was necessary to appoint a Regent) was followed. The Prince of Walescontinued as regent until his father's death in 1820, when he became George IV.
Prince Regent in Germany
In Germany, the title "Prinzregent" (literally prince regent) is most commonly associated with Prince Luitpold of Bavaria, who served as regent for two of his nephews, King
Ludwig II of Bavaria, who was declared mentally incompetent in 1886, and King Otto of Bavaria(who had been declared insane in 1875) from 1886 until 1912.
The years of Luitpold's regency were marked by tremendous artistic and cultural activity in Bavaria, where they are known after the regencies as the "Prinzregentenjahre" or the "Prinzregentenzeit". Numerous streets in Bavarian cities and towns are called "Prinzregentenstraße". Many institutions are named in Luitpold's honour, "e.g.", the "
Prinzregententheater" in Munich. " Prinzregententorte" is a multi-layered cake with chocolate butter cream named in Luitpold's honour.
At Luitpold's death in 1912, his son Prince Ludwig succeeded as Prince Regent. Ludwig held the title for less than a year, since the Bavarian Legislature decided to recognise him as king.
Prince Regent in Belgium
*The first head of state of Belgium after it seceded from the Dutch monarchy in 1831 was a regent (but not a prince in his own right), baron
Erasme Louis Surlet de Chokier, before the new nation, which had chosen to become a parliamentary monarchy, had its first king sworn in to the constitution.
Prince Charles of Belgiumserved as Prince Regent of Belgium from 1944 to 1950 during the German captivity and then exile to Switzerland of his elder brother, King Leopold III of Belgium.
Prince Lieutenant in Luxemburg
The heir to the
grand dukeof Luxemburgmay be titled "prince-lieutenant" ('prince deputy') during a period in which the incumbent remains formally on the grand ducal throne, but (progressively, most) functions of the crown are performed by the 'monarch apprentice', as prince Jean (still alive) did 4 May 1961 - 12 November 1964 in the last years of his mother Charlotte's reign (she lived till 1985), and Jean's own son prince Henri 3 March 1998 - 7 October 2000 until his father abdicated and he succeeded
Other notable Prince-regents
:"more prince-regents (often without such specific title) are to be found in
*Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark served as regent from 1784 to 1808 for his father, King
Christian VII of Denmark, who was insane.
*Prince William of Prussia served as regent from 1858 to 1861 for his older brother King
Frederick William IV of Prussia, who had become mentally unfit to rule.
*Prince Dorgon of the
Qing Dynastyserved as regent for his nephew, Emperor Shunzhi, from 1643 to 1650, because the latter was only six at the time of his ascension. Dorgon was instrumental in moving Manchu forces into Beijing in 1644, proclaiming the Qing dynasty to be the legitimate successor to the Ming Dynasty. In Qing Dynasty historical records, Dorgon was the first to be referred to as "Shezhengwang" 摄政王(The Prince Regent).
Zaifeng, 2nd Prince Chunduring the Qing Dynasty served as regent from 1908 to 1911 for his young son Puyi, the Xuantong Emperor. Apart from Dorgon, Zaifeng was the only person in Chinese history who was specifically referred to as Prince Regent.
*Crown Prince Hirohito served as regent from 1921 to 1926 for his ailing father,
Prince Paul of Yugoslaviafrom 1934 to 1941, known in Serbo-Croatianas "Njegovo Kraljevsko Visočanstvo, Knez Namesnik" (English: "His Royal Highness The Prince Regent")
*Michael Bates, "heir-apparent" to the micronation Sealand is referred to as its Prince Regent.
* [http://4dw.net/royalark/ RoyalArk- see each present nation]
* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/ WorldStatesman- see each present nation]
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Prince Regent — Prince Re|gent, the the son of the British king George III, who was also called George and acted as king from 1811 to 1820 because his father was mentally ill. This period of British history is called the Regency . When George III died in 1820,… … Dictionary of contemporary English
prince regent — a prince who is regent of a country. [1780 90] * * * … Universalium
Prince Regent — noun a prince who rules a monarchy as Regent … Wiktionary
prince regent — noun a prince who acts as regent … English new terms dictionary
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