Sculpin


Sculpin

Taxobox
name = Sculpin


image_width = 240px
image_caption = Longhorn Sculpin
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
ordo = Scorpaeniformes
subordo = Cottoidei
superfamilia = Cottoidea
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Alcichthys"
"Andriashevicottus"
"Antipodocottus"
"Archaulus"
"Argyrocottus"
"Artedielloides"
"Artediellus"
"Artedius"
"Ascelichthys"
"Asemichthys"
"Astrocottus"
"Bero"
"Bolinia"
"Chitonotus"
"Clinocottus"
"Cottiusculus"
"Cottus"
"Daruma"
"Enophrys"
"Furcina"
"Gymnocanthus"
"Hemilepidotus"
"Icelinus"
"Icelus"
"Jordania"
"Leiocottus"
"Leptocottus"
"Megalocottus"
"Mesocottus"
"Micrenophrys"
"Microcottus"
"Myoxocephalus"
"Ocynectes"
"Oligocottus"
"Orthonopias"
"Paricelinus"
"Phallocottus"
"Phasmatocottus"
"Porocottus"
"Pseudoblennius"
"Radulinopsis"
"Radulinus"
"Ricuzenius"
"Ruscarius"
"Scorpaenichthys"
"Sigmistes"
"Stelgistrum"
"Stlegicottus"
"Stlengis"
"Synchirus"
"Taurocottus"
"Taurulus"
"Thyriscus"
"Trachidermus"
"Triglops"
"Triglopsis"
"Vellitor"
"Zesticelus"

("For the American submarines named "Sculpin" go to: USS Sculpin")

A Sculpin is a fish that belongs to the Order Scorpaeniformes, Suborder Cottoidei and Superfamily Cottoidea that contains 11 families, 149 genera, and 756 species according to [Nelson, JS (2006) Fishes of the World, 4th Ed. John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, NJ] though these totals will likely change as more molecular work is done. The currently recognized families are:

  • Abyssocottidae: deepwater Baikal sculpins (22 spp)
  • "Agonidae": poacher (fish) (47 spp)
  • "Bathylutichthyidae" the antarctic sculpin (1 sp)
  • "Comephoridae": Baikal oilfishes (2 spp)
  • "Cottidae": common sculpins (~275 spp)
  • "Ereuniidae": deepwater sculpins (3 spp)
  • "Hemitripteridae": searavens (8 spp)
  • "Psychrolutidae": fathead sculpins (35 spp)
  • "Rhamphocottidae": the grunt sculpin (1 sp)
The vast majority of these species live in salt water; only the Abyssocottids, Comephorids, and a few species of Cottids living in fresh water. These bottom feeders are generally not considered good to eat, and have sharp spines rather than scales. Sculpin can live for several hours out of water if kept moist. They use their large pectoral fins to stabilize themselves on the floor of flowing creeks and rivers.

The easiest fishing method for Sculpin is a dropper loop setup with live or dead anchovies. Other good baits include squid and shrimp. Sculpin have also been caught on large plastic baits such as scampi and large grubs. Line size is not especially important as most Sculpin are caught in deeper water. Suitable hook sizes range from 1/0 to 3/0 Sculpin are not particularly fussy.

Sculpin stings are very painful and are often associated with swelling and reddening of the affected area. The most common treatment for a Sculpin sting is to submerge the stung area in warm to hot temperature water. The heat will help to denature the proteins in the poison and to relieve the pain of the sting. Sculpin are found in Fresh and Salt water. The freshwater ones are called "muddlers" or "Miller's Thumbs" and are often used as bait for Brown Trout and bass. Saltwater Staghorn Sculpins are used as bait for large Pacific Striped Bass. All but the Staghorn have large, sharp teeth, and some, like the large Sea raven, can inflict serious bites on people. Their venomous spines are on both dorsal fins, the pectoral fins, pelvic fins, anal fins, and several on the gill cover.

SOURCES: McClanes guide to freshwater fishes of North America. McClanes Guide to Saltwater fishes of North America. BY AJ McCLANE. The New Fishing Encyclopedia. www.thejump.net/fish


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sculpin — Scul pin, n. [Written also skulpin.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) Any one of numerous species of marine cottoid fishes of the genus {Cottus}, or {Acanthocottus}, having a large head armed with several sharp spines, and a broad mouth. They are generally mottled …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sculpin — [skul′pin] n. pl. sculpin or sculpins [prob. altered < Fr scorpene < L scorpaena: see SCORPION] 1. any of a family (Cottidae) of small, generally scaleless, mostly marine percoid fishes with a spiny head and wide mouth ☆ 2. a scorpionfish… …   English World dictionary

  • sculpin — /skul pin/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) sculpin, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) sculpins. 1. any small, freshwater fish of the genus Cottus, of the family Cottidae, having a large head with one or more spines on each side;… …   Universalium

  • sculpin — noun (plural sculpins; also sculpin) Etymology: origin unknown Date: 1672 1. any of a family (Cottidae) of spiny large headed usually bottom dwelling often scaleless bony fishes with large fanlike pectoral fins 2. a scorpion fish (Scorpaena… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sculpin — /ˈskʌlpən/ (say skulpuhn) noun (plural sculpin or sculpins) 1. a small freshwater fish of the genus Cottus (family Cottidae), with a large head armed on each side with one or more spines; bullhead. 2. any marine fish of the same family. {? New… …   Australian English dictionary

  • sculpin — 1) a member of the the family Cottidae 2) a mean or mischief making person (New England slang) …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • sculpin — noun A small fish of the family Cottidae, usually lacking scales. Often found on river bottoms and in tidal pools …   Wiktionary

  • sculpin — n. marine fish with a large flattened head and thorny scales and fins; bullhead, American freshwater catfish …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sculpin — [ skʌlpɪn] noun a chiefly marine fish with a broad flattened head and spiny scales and fins. [Many species, chiefly in the family Cottidae.] Origin C17: perh. from obs. scorpene, via L. from Gk skorpaina, denoting a kind of fish …   English new terms dictionary

  • sculpin — scul·pin …   English syllables