Charles Thomson Rees Wilson


Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
C. T. R. Wilson

Born Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
14 February 1869(1869-02-14)
Midlothian, Scotland
Died 15 November 1959(1959-11-15) (aged 90)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Nationality Scottish
Fields Physics
Institutions University of Cambridge
Alma mater University of Manchester
University of Cambridge
Academic advisors J. J. Thomson
Doctoral students Cecil Frank Powell
Known for Cloud chamber
Notable awards Howard N. Potts Medal (1925)
Nobel Prize in Physics 1927
Franklin Medal 1929

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, FRS (14 February 1869 – 15 November 1959) was a Scottish physicist and meteorologist who received the Nobel Prize in physics for his invention of the cloud chamber.

Contents

Biography

Wilson was born in the parish of Glencorse, Midlothian to a farmer, John Wilson, and his mother Annie Clerk Harper. After his father died in 1873, his family moved to Manchester. He was educated at Owen's College, studying biology with the intent to become a physician. He then went to Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge where he became interested in physics and chemistry.[1]

Wilson thereafter became particularly interested in meteorology, and in 1893 he began to study clouds and their properties. He worked for some time at the observatory on Ben Nevis, where he made observations of cloud formation. He then tried to reproduce this effect on a smaller scale in the laboratory in Cambridge, expanding humid air within a sealed container. He later experimented with the creation of cloud trails in his chamber caused by ions and radiation. For the invention of the cloud chamber he received the Nobel Prize in 1927.

Wilson married Jessie Fraser in 1908, the daughter of a minister from Glasgow, and the couple had four children. He died near Edinburgh, surrounded by his family.

Legacy

The crater Wilson on the Moon is co-named for him, Alexander Wilson and Ralph Elmer Wilson.

The Wilson Condensation Cloud formations, occurring after a very large explosion (such as a nuclear detonation), are named after him.

The Wilson Society, the natural sciences society of Sidney Sussex College, is also named for him.

The archives of Charles Thomson Rees Wilson are maintained by the Archives of the University of Glasgow (GUAS).

References

  • Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Isaac Asimov, 2nd ed., Doubleday & C., Inc., ISBN 0-385-17771-2.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Thomson Rees Wilson — (* 14. Februar 1869 im Parish Glencorse, Schottland; † 15. November 1959 in Carlops bei Edinburgh) war ein schottischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Thomson Rees Wilson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wilson. C. T. R. Wilson à la conférence Solvay de 1927 Naissance 14 février  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Thomson Rees Wilson — noun Scottish physicist who invented the cloud chamber (1869 1959) • Syn: ↑Wilson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑nuclear physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Physiknobelpreis 1927: Arthur Holly Compton — Charles Thomson Rees Wilson —   Der Amerikaner wurde ausgezeichnet für die Entdeckung des nach ihm benannten Effekts, der Schotte für seine Methode, die Bahnen elektrisch geladener Teilchen durch Kondensation von Wasserdampf sichtbar zu mac …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wilson,Charles Thomson Rees — Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees. 1869 1959. British physicist. He shared a 1927 Nobel Prize for devising the cloud chamber. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wilson , Charles Thomson Rees — (1869–1959) British physicist Charles Wilson was the son of a sheep farmer from Glencorse in Scotland, but his father died when he was four and Charles and his mother moved to Manchester. He was educated there and started to specialize in biology …   Scientists

  • Charles T. R. Wilson — Charles Thomson Rees Wilson Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (* 14. Februar 1869 im Parish Glencorse; † 15. November 1959 in Carlops bei Edinburgh) war ein schottischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Wilson — Charles Wilson. Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (14 de febrero de 1869 – 15 de noviembre de 1959) fue un físico escocés Biografía Nació en la parroquia de Glencorse (Midlothian, cerca de Edimburgo). Hijo de un granjero, John Wilson, y de Ann …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Wilson — may refer to: Contents 1 Government and Politics 2 Music 3 Sports …   Wikipedia

  • Wilson (Familienname) — Wilson ist ein englischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name bedeutet Sohn des Wil. Somit handelt es sich um einen patronymisch gebildeten Namen. Verbreitung 1990 war Wilson in den USA der achthäufigste Familienname.[1] Varianten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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