- 6th Cavalry Regiment (United States)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=6th Cavalry Regiment
caption=6th Cavalry coat of arms
motto="Ducit Amor Patriae"
(Led By Love of Country)
American Civil War, Indian Wars, War with Spain, China Relief Expedition, World War II, War in Southwest Asia, Iraq Campaign
identification_symbol_label=Distinctive Unit InsigniaCavalry
previous=5th Cavalry Regiment
next=7th Cavalry RegimentThe 6th Cavalry is a historical organization within the
United States Armythat began as a regimentof cavalryin the American Civil War; It currently is organized into aviation squadrons that are assigned to several different combat aviation brigades.
The 6th U.S. Cavalry was organized in August 1861, where it took to the fields of the Eastern Theater as part of the Union
Army of the Potomac. The regiment took part in sixteen campaigns, among them the Maryland Campaign, Gettysburg Campaign, Overland Campaignand the Appomattox Campaign.
From 1865 to 1871 during Reconstruction, the regiment was stationed in
Texas(see Fifth Military Districtfor reports of soldiers of the 6th Cavalry killed and wounded in various incidents of 1867–68). It also took part in the Indian Warsand the Johnson County War. The "Fighting Sixth" sailed to Cubaduring the Spanish-American Warand took part in the battle for San Juan Hillalongside of Teddy Roosevelt's " Rough Riders." (In 1900 the 6th was in the Boxer Rebellion).
An 1887 letter from Charles Winters, Troop D of the 6th Cavalry, describes a soldier's experiences during the
Apache Warsin New Mexico:
I will now take and write to you a few lines, to let you know that I am yet alive, and doing well.
I joint(sic) the Army in January, 86 and had a good fight with Geronimo and his Indians. I also had two hard fights, where i came very near getting killed, but i got true alright.I was made Corporal when i first enlisted, but have now got high enough to be in Charge of Troop D. 6th U.S. Cavalry and it requires a good man for to get that office, and that is more than i expected.
Charley White from Cranbury came out with me and got in the same Troop with me, and I sent him with twenty more men out on a Scout after Indians and Charley was lucky enough to be shot down by Indians the first day, and only three of my men returned. I was very sorry but it could not be helped.
The Territory of New Mexico is a very nice place never no Winter and lots of Gold and Silver Mines all around but for all that it is a disagreeable place on account of so many Indians.I like it first rate and I think as soon as my five years are up I will go bak to Old
New Jerseybut not today.
My name isn't Charley Winters no more since i shot that man at Jefferson Barracks when he tried to get away from me. My Captain at time told me to take the name of his son who died and so my name since then is Charles H. Wood.
I will now close and hope that you will soon write and let me know how you are getting along.
Give my best regards to all and to yourself and oblige.
My address is:
Charles H. Wood
Troop D. 6th Cavalry
Fort Stanton, New Mexico
The 6th Cavalry, which became part of
George S. Patton's Third Army during World War II, had one of the most outstanding combat records to come out that conflict, starting in October 1943 where it embarked on the "Queen Elizabeth" bound for northern Ireland.
In January 1944, the 6th Cavalry Regiment was disbanded and reorganized into the 6th Cavalry Group and assigned to XV Corps. The unit spent the first part of 1944 in intense basic, small unit, and special combat training. Finally in July 1944, the unit set sail across the
English Channelto land at Utah Beach( Sainte-Mère-Église, France). Throughout WWII, the Sixth was part of most of the major campaigns, some of which included "Task Force Polk," the engagement in the Ardennes, and the Battle of the Bulge. It was also responsible for the screening and protection of the corps in the Bastognearea, defending the Our River, breaching the Siegfried Line, and the big job of crossing the Rhine Riverand the drive to the east.
Toward the end of hostilities, the Sixth was left with the detail of mopping up enemy stragglers to its final battle with the capture of Adrof & Mark Neukirchen. The Sixth Cavalry was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation (Army), for its valor during World War II.
20 December 1948, the former 6th Cavalry Regiment was reorganized and redesignated as the 6th Armored Cavalry. The Regiment returned to the United States from Germany in 1957 during Operation Gyroscope, and was stationed at Fort Knox, Kentucky. Inactivated in 1963, the regiment reactivated four years later at Fort Meade, Maryland, where it served through 1971 when it was again inactivated.
In the summer of 1974, the Army decided to implement one of the recommendations of the
Howze Board, and created an air cavalry combat brigade. The 2nd Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division, commanded by Col. Charles D. Canedy, was redesignated as the 6th Cavalry Brigade (Air Combat). While at Hood, the brigade was a test bed for new concepts involving the employment of attack helicopters on the modern battlefield. In the fall of 1990, two of the brigade's subordinate units were deployed in Iraqduring Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm.
In late 1995, the 1st and 4th Squadrons were again deactivated, leaving only the 3rd Squadron at Fort Hood.
War on terrorism
4 January 20052nd Squadron deployed from Germany to Afghanistan absorbing elements from other units to become Task Force Sabre. CH-47 Chinooks, UH-60 Black Hawks, AH-64 Apaches and the necessary support elements comprised the aviation task force which deployed to support the NATO mission in Afghanistan. In 2005 and 2006 as a part of the Army Transformation, squadrons of the regiment were again reorganized, as the Army eliminated from its rolls those OH-58D Kiowa Warrior units designated as attack battalions in light infantry divisions. Several of these attack battalions were reflagged as squadrons of the 6th Cavalry Regiment, replacing AH-64 squadrons that were then redesignated as Armed Reconnaissance Battalions:
*1st Squadron, 6th Cavalry - 1st Infantry Division -
Fort Carson, Colorado
*2nd Squadron, 6th Cavalry - 25th Infantry Division (Light) -
Schofield Barracks, Hawaii
*4th Squadron, 6th Cavalry - XVIII Airborne Corps -
Fort Lewis, Washington
*6th Squadron, 6th Cavalry - 10th Mountain Division (LI) - Fort Drum, New York
In 2006, 2nd Squadron deployed with its parent unit, the 25th Combat Aviation Brigade, from Wheeler Army Airfield to Iraq. The Squadron was recognized with the
Order of the Daedalion's 2006 Brig. Gen. Carl I. Hutton Memorial Award for their safety record in preparation for the deployment.Public Affairs Office, Multi-National Division-North. " [http://www.mnci.centcom.mil/Releases/200707/20070719/20070719-04-MND-N-Hawaii's%202-6%20Cavalry%20Wins%20Hutton%20Memorial%20Award.pdf Hawaii’s 2-6 Cavalry Wins Hutton Memorial Award] ". [Press release] . 19 July 2007. Multi-National Corps-Iraq. Accessed 7 March 2008.] The Squadron returned to Hawaii in 2007 having lost only one aircrew to hostile fire.
In 2007, 1st Squadron and 4th Squadron deployed to Iraq. The squadrons along with 1st Squadron's parent brigade, the 1st Combat Aviation Brigade, replaced 2nd Squadron and its parent brigade. 4th Squadron returned to Fort Lewis during August and September 2008.
1861-05-04in the Regular Army as the 3d Cavalry Regiment [Not related to the current 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment]
*Regiment (except Companies A & B) organized
1861-06-18at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
*Company A organized June-October 1861 in
Marylandand the District of Columbia
1861-08-03as the 6th Cavalry Regiment
*Company B organized
1861-08-16at Camp Scott, Pennsylvania
*Cavalry companies officially redesignated as troops in 1883.
1927-08-15to the 3d Cavalry Division, and stationed at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia.
*A Troop consolidated
1929-10-14with Troop D, 6th Cavalry Regiment, (organized in 1861) and consolidated unit designated as Troop A, 6th Cavalry Regiment.
1939-12-01from assignment to the 3d Cavalry Division, and moved by Road March to Fort Benning, Georgia on 1940-04-11.
*Regiment moved from Fort Benning by Road March
1940-05-05to Alexandria, Louisiana, and arrived on 1940-05-08.
*Regiment departed Alexandria, Louisiana on
1940-05-27via Road March, and arrived at Fort Oglethorpe 1940-05-30.
*Regiment retraced their steps to
Alexandria, Louisiana] on 1940-08-13, and arrived 1940-08-21.
*Regiment Road Marched to
Ragley, Louisianaon 1941-07-26, and arrived on 1941-10-01.
*Regiment Road Marched to
Chester, South Carolinaon 1941-11-06, and arrived 1941-12-01. Regiment immediately returned to Fort Oglethorpe.
*Regiment performed its last Road March as a Horse Cavalry unit when it left
Fort Oglethorpe, and moved to Camp Blanding, Florida on 1942-02-18.
*Regiment reorganized and redesignated
1942-07-21as the 6th Cavalry Regiment, Mechanized. Troop B reorganized and redesignated as Troop E, 6th Cavalry, Mechanized.
*Regiment moved by Road March to
Fort Jacksonon 1942-11-02.
*Regiment moved again by Road March to
Fort Oglethorpeon 1943-04-16.
*Regiment participated in Maneuvers at
Lebanon, Tennesseefrom 1943-04-18to 1943-06-20, and then Road Marched to Fort Jackson.
*Regiment Staged at
Camp Shanks, New York from 1943-10-08until 1943-10-12, when they deployed from the New York Port of Embarkation for England.
*Regiment arrived in
Tanderagee, Northern Irelandon 1943-10-18, where they prepared to reorganize for their D-Day Assignment.
*Regiment broken up
1944-01-01and its elements reorganized and redesignated as follows:
6th Cavalry Group
*Headquarters and Headquarters Troop reorganized and redesignated on
1944-01-01as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 6th Cavalry Group, Mechanized with 6th and 28th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadrons attached.
*Group landed in France on
1944-07-09, when they were assigned to the Third Army as “Patton’s Household Cavalry”.
*Group was recommitted to combat near
St. Avold, Franceon 1944-12-01
Luxembourgon 1944-12-31to locate German forces at or near Bastogne.
*Group encountered German forces between the 26th infantry Division and 35th Infantry Division in the
lintage- Saararea, where it remained until 1945-01-13.
*Group entered Germany on
1945-02-25with VIII Corps, and attacked through Bauler, Waxweiler, and Lasel; mopped up along the Berlin Autobahn; and protected VIII Corps’ southern flank.
*Group was located at
Sonnenberg, Germany on 1945-08-14
*Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 6th Cavalry Group, Mechanized, converted and redesignated
1946-05-01as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 6th Constabulary Regiment.
1948-02-02as Headquarters, Headquarters and Service Troop, 6th Constabulary Regiment
*Headquarters, Headquarters and Service Troop, 6th Constabulary Regiment converted and redesignated
1948-12-20as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 6th Armored Cavalry Regiment. Troop A, 6th Constabulary Squadron Converted and redesignated as Company A, 6th Armored Cavalry Regiment (Former Troop D, 6th Cavalry, concurrently withdrawn from Company A, 6th Armored Cavalry - hereafter separate lineage)
6th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized
*1st Squadron reorganized and redesignated on
1944-01-01as the 6th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized. Troop E, 2nd Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment, Mechanized Reorganized and redesignated as Troop F, 6th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized. Regiment remained attached to 6th Cavalry Group, but was moved to Gilford, Northern Irelandfor deployment training.
*Squadron moved to
*Squadron landed in
*Squadron was at
Hildaburghausen, Germanyon 1945-08-14.
*6th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, converted and redesignated
1946-05-01as the 6th Constabulary Squadron. Troop F Converted and redesignated as Troop E, 6th Constabulary Squadron.
*6th Constabulary Squadron. Converted and redesignated
1948-12-20as the 1st Battalion, 6th Armored Cavalry Regiment. Troop E Converted and redesignated as Company B, 6th Armored Cavalry.
28th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron
*2nd Squadron reorganized and redesignated on
1944-01-01as the 28th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized. Squadron remained attached to the 6th Cavalry Group, and moved to Guilford, Northern Irelandfor deployment training.
*Squadron moved to
*Squadron deployed to
Luxembourgon 1944-12-24, and moved on to Belgiumthe same day.
*Squadron was at
Sonnenberg, Germanyon 1945-08-14.
*28th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, converted and redesignated
1946-05-01as the 28th Constabulary Squadron.
*28th Constabulary Squadron converted and redesignated on
1948-12-20as the 2nd Battalion, 6th Armored Cavalry Regiment.
6th Armored Cavalry Regiment
*Battalions and companies redesignated
1960-06-24as squadrons and troops, respectively. Troop E Reorganized and redesignated as Troop B, 6th Armored Cavalry
1963-10-24at Fort Knox, Kentucky
1967-03-23at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland
*Inactivated (less 1st Squadron)
1971-03-31at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland.
*1st and 2nd Squadrons inactivated
1973-06-21at Fort Bliss, Texas)
*Regiment reorganized and redesignated
1973-06-22as the 6th Cavalry Regiment, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System. 1st Squadron Redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 1st Squadron, 6th Cavalry, assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, and activated at Fort Hood, Texas (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated)
*2nd Squadron redesignated
1974-07-01as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2d Squadron, 6th Cavalry, and activated at Fort Knox, Kentucky (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated)
*1st Squadron Relieved
1975-02-21from assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division.
1986from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System.
*2nd Squadron inactivated
1986-05-30at Fort Knox, Kentucky
*2nd Squadron activated
1986-07-16at Fort Hood, Texas
*1st Squadron Inactivated
1995-12-15at Fort Hood, Texas
*1st Squadron Activated
#New Mexico 1882;
*War with Spain:
*China Relief Expedition:
#Streamer without inscription
#Streamer without inscription
*World War I:
#Streamer without inscription
*World War II:
*Southwest AsiaExcept 1st Squadron.] :
#Defense of Saudi Arabia;
#Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
* [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/R&H/R&H-6CV.htm Summary of US 6th Cavalry Regiment movements from 1861 to 1890]
* [http://www.bufordsboys.com/6thUSHistory.htm Civil War service]
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