- The Sanctuary Lamp
"The Sanctuary Lamp" is a play by Irish playwright Tom Murphy written in 1975 but revised for subsequent productions. When premiered at the
Abbey Theatrein Dublinits anti-Catholic stance caused enormous controversy with its author denounced in pulpits up and down the country. Defenders included the then President of Ireland who argued that the play was, along with " The Playboy of the Western World" and " Juno and the Paycock", one of the greatest of Irish dramas. The trauma of the plays rejection caused Murphy to withdraw from playwriting altogether for a few years. When it was revived in a substantially rewritten version at the Abbey in 2000 and then at the Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchesterin 2003 it was re-evaluated as one of Murphy's best plays and was enormously successful with audiences.
The Play - 1975 and post-1975 versions
"The Sanctuary Lamp" centres on four central characters - Harry Stone, a Jewish strongman who, having been sacked from the circus, has gone freelance, Francisco, the Irish juggler who was sacked with him, Maudie, a young girl and the
Monsignorwho presides over the Church in which Harry takes refuge.
In the original 1975 version the play unfolds over three acts, the first begins outside the Monsignor's church with Harry begging before hiding inside when Francisco appears, searching for him. As Harry finds himself listening to the Monsignor's sermon, Francisco makes an exhibition of himself, hurling abuse at the Catholic faith. After he is ejected, Harry and the Monsignor meet and, in an act of kindness towards a man in need, the Monsignor offers Harry the job of caretaker in the church. This Act is almost entirely omitted in the post-1975 version which begins with Harry's meeting with the Monsignor.
Both versions share the action of the remaining two acts. As Harry shelters in the church it emerges he has not only been sacked from the circus but has walked out on his troupe of freelancers which includes Francisco, Olga, his wife and a dwarf called Samuel. Harry has rejected them because of an affair Francisco has had with Olga.
In the church Harry befriends a waif-like young girl, Maudie, who is also sheltering in the church in the belief that somehow she will find forgiveness for some of the terrible things that have happened to her. Harry undertakes to protect Maudie - largely because she reminds him of his own daughter, Teresa, who died of consumption. Their plans are ruined when Francisco appears in search of his old friend. As the two men confront each other lies and self-deceits are stripped away and all go through their own dark night of the soul. But, having purged themselves of the past, the three resolve to go back into the world the next day, somehow reconciled and able to find their own private visions of redemption.
"The Sanctuary Lamp" explores major themes of redemption, love, guilt, spirituality and the existence - or non-existence - of God. Its portrait of the struggle of down-and-outs looking to find some kind of meaning to their lives is reminiscent of
Maxim Gorki's " The Lower Depths". In common with much of Murphy's work the play deals with the battle against nihilism and finds a form of redemption and hope in mankind's ability to show compassion, love and find an individual spirituality. The Lamp itself becomes an image of the light of the human soul unattached to dogma or religion.
Also in common with Murphy's other plays it mixes realism with an elegiac lyricism, the stark reality of the characters' suffering and destitution contrasting with the poetic aspiration of their souls. A twenty minute speech delivered by Harry alone to the Lamp where he thinks God resides is a particularly masterful example of this.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sanctuary lamp — A sanctuary lamp, altar lamp, everlasting light or eternal flame is a light that shines before the altar of sanctuaries in many denominations of Jewish and Christian places of worship. Prescribed in Exodus 27:20 21 of the Hebrew Bible, this… … Wikipedia
The Gigli Concert — is a play by Irish playwright Tom Murphy premiered at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, in 1983 and widely regarded as his masterpiece.Plot The Gigli Concert deals with seven days in the relationship between Dynamatologist JPW King, a quack self help… … Wikipedia
Sanctuary — For the TV series, see Sanctuary (TV series). For other uses, see Sanctuary (disambiguation). Ajax violates Cassandra s sanctuary at the Palladium: tondo of an Attic cup, ca. 440–430 BCE A sanctuary is any place of safety. They may be categorized … Wikipedia
The Rite of Constantinople (Byzantine Rite) — The Rite of Constantinople † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Rite of Constantinople (Also BYZANTINE RITE.) The Liturgies, Divine Office, forms for the administration of sacraments and for various blessings, sacramentals, and exorcisms … Catholic encyclopedia
The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past — North American box art Developer(s) Nintendo EAD Publisher(s) … Wikipedia
The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996 film) — The Hunchback of Notre Dame Theatrical poster by John Alvin[ … Wikipedia
Oil lamp — Neolithic stone lamps in Thousand Lamp Museum in Qiandeng town of Kunshan … Wikipedia
A Whistle In the Dark — is a play by Tom Murphy that premiered in 1961 at Stratford East Theatre in London having been rejected in no uncertain terms by the Abbey Theatre, Dublin. Murphy was twenty four years old at the time. It tells the story in three acts of the… … Wikipedia
Cathedral of the Good Shepherd — The Cathedral of the Good Shepherd (Chinese: 善牧主教座堂) is the oldest Roman Catholic church in Singapore. It is located in the Museum Planning Area within the Civic District and affords a welcome respite from the city.Bounded by the parallel Queen… … Wikipedia
Mass of the Catechumens — The Mass (or Liturgy) of the Catechumens is an ancient title for the first half of the Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox worship service known as the Mass or Divine Liturgy. This part of the Mass is now referred to by the Catholic Church as the… … Wikipedia