Carnatic Music

SrutiSwaraRagaTalaMelakartaAsampurna Melakarta


VarnamKritiGeethamSwarajatiRagam Thanam Pallavi • Thillana


melody: Vocals • Saraswati veenaVenu • Violin • Chitra veena • NadaswaramMandolin

rhythm: MridangamGhatamMorsingKanjiraThavil

drone: TamburaShruti box


List of Carnatic composers

Charanam (meaning foot) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music) is usually the end section of a composition which is sung after the anupallavi.[1]

There may be multiple charanams in a composition which make up different stanzas, but in compositions that do not have an anupallavi, there often exists a samraashti charanam that combines both the anupallavi and charanam of the composition[1] which directly follows the pallavi.

The charana swaras are grouped in four different ways:

  • 1st - one tala cycle.
  • 2nd - one tala cycle.
  • 3rd - two long tala cycles
  • 4th - four long tala cycles


  1. ^ a b Royal Carpet: Glossary of Carnatic Terms C

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