- List of rivers of Catalonia
The rivers of Catalonia can be classified into four groups according to their source.
*Rivers of the Ebre basin, which can be further divided into:
**the lower basin of the
Ebreitself, which corresponds with the "comarques" of Ribera d'Ebre, Terra Alta, Baix Ebreand Montsià.
**the basin of the
Segreand its affluants, which roughly corresponds, in Catalonia, with the province of Lleida: the basin of the Segre also covers much of Aragon.
*Rivers of the western Pyrenees:
Muga, Fluvià, Ter, roughly corresponding with the province of Girona
*Rivers of the Prelitteral Range:
Tordera, Besòs, Foix, Gaià, Francolí
*Rivers of the Coastal Range: these are very short and of only local importance
Llobregatdeserves a special mention because of its importance: its basin covers most of the province of Barcelona. It source is in the pyreneean Serra del Cadíin the municipality of Castellar de n'Hug( Berguedà) and its valley is one the main north-south communication routes in Catalonia.
Aran Valleyis the upper valley of the Garonne("la Garona" in Catalan, "era Garona" in Aranese), an Atlanic river which meets the sea near Bordeaux, France. It should be noted that the boundaries of the "comarca" do not correspond exactly with the watershed, and both the Noguera Ribagorçanaand the Noguera Pallaresahave their sources on its territory.
The frontier between Catalonia and the
Valencian Communityis formed for much of its length by the Sénia, while the Noguera Ribagorçanaforms the frontier with Aragon for much of its length.
Rivers are listed according to their estuaries, from north to south along the Catalan coastline, or according to the point of confluence, from the sea to the source, for rivers which do not flow directly into the sea. Names are given in Catalan with the appropriate
definite article: Spanish names are given in parentheses. Catalan names are usually preferred in English languageworks, except for the Ebre which is usually referred to by its Spanish name "Ebro": the Segre may also be referred to by its Spanish name, "Segro", in older works.
Catalan languagehas two words for "river", "riu" and "riera". The word "riera" is used for smaller rivers and for streams, and often indicates a seasonal river. Of the above list, only the Gavarresa is commonly classified as a "riera", all the others being qualified as "rius". The grammatical genderof Anoia is feminine, while that of Ebre is masculine.
The main economic importance of the Catalan rivers is probably the role of their valleys as communication routes, particularly through the Coastal and Prelitteral Ranges. Hence routes inland from
Barcelonapass either through the valley of the Llobregator that of the Besòs, and the Francolívalley is an important route inland from Tarragona.
Irrigationis important in the drier areas of Catalonia, notably in the Central Depressionand in the south. The Canal de Aragó i Catalunya and the Canal d'Urgelldistribute the waters of the Segreacross the "comarques" of Noguera and Segriàwhere it is used for growing cereals, almonds and olives. Irrigation is also important in the "comarques" of Baix Ebreand Montsià, where the cultivation of rice is widespread.
All of the larger Catalan rivers, with the exception of the Llobregat, have been dammed for
hydroelectric power. By far the largest dams are those on the Ebreat Riba-rojaand at Flix( Ribera d'Ebre). Other dams include
Noguera Pallaresa: Sallente, Cabdella, Molinos, Tavascan, La Pobla de Segur, Talarn( Pallars Jussà), Terradets ( Àger, Noguera)
Noguera Ribagorçana: Escales (below Pont de Suert, Alta Ribagorça), Santa Anna, Moralets, Baserca ( Ivars de Noguera)
*on the Segre:
Oliana( Alt Urgell), Seròs(Segrià)
Ter: Sau ( Vilanova de Sau, Osona), Susqueda( Selva)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Catalonia — For other uses, see Catalonia (disambiguation) and Catalunya (disambiguation). Catalonia Catalunya (Catalan) Cataluña (Spanish) Catalonha … Wikipedia
List of road accidents — records serious road accidents: those which took a high death toll, occurred in unusual circumstances, or hold some other historical significance. For crashes in which famous people died, please refer to List of people who died in road accidents … Wikipedia
List of country name etymologies — This list covers English language country names with their etymologies. Some of these include notes on indigenous names and their etymologies. Countries in italics no longer exist as sovereign political entities.Aflag|Afghanistan::From Afghan and … Wikipedia
List of etymologies of country subdivision names — This article provides a collection of the etymology of the names of subnational entities. This page generally only deals with regions and provinces; cities and other localities and features may appear listed under the individual country, with a… … Wikipedia
List of social nudity places in Europe — ‹ The template below (Cleanup spam) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus.› Swimmers enter water at Spanish beach. This is a list of socia … Wikipedia
List of wine-producing regions — This list of wine producing regions catalogues significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. Wine grapes mostly grow between the 30th and the 50th degree of latitude, in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Grapes will sometimes … Wikipedia
List of national anthems — Rouget de Lisle, the composer of the French national anthem La Marseillaise, sings it for the first time. The anthem is the second earliest to be adopted by a state, in 1795. Most nations have anthems, defined as a song, as of praise, devotion,… … Wikipedia
List of Cumacea literature — Extensive literature list on Cumaceans. Contents: Top · 0–9 · A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A … Wikipedia
List of dominant sovereign states and their servient territories — This list, though not quite complete, contains a widely varied spectrum of colonies, protectorates, mandates, trust territories, occupied or annexed states, dependent territories and other political entities that were (or in some cases are)… … Wikipedia
Ripoll River — Geobox River name = Ripoll map size = map caption = other name = other name1 = country = Spain country1 = region = Catalonia region1 = city = Sant Llorenç Savall city1 = Castellar del Vallès city2 = Sabadell city3 = Barberà del Vallès city4 =… … Wikipedia