- Tasman District
Tasman District is a region of
New Zealand. It borders with the West Coast Region, Marlborough Region and the Nelson Region. It is both a region and a unitary authority, and the District Council sits at Richmond, with Community Boards serving outlying communities in Motuekaand Golden Bay.
Tasman District is a large area at the top western side of the South Island of New Zealand. It covers 9,786 square kilometres and is bounded to the west by the
Matiri Ranges, Tasman Mountainsand the Tasman Sea. To the north Tasman and Golden Bays form its seaward edge, and the eastern boundary extends to the edge of Nelson city, and includes part of the Spencer Mountainsand the Saint Arnaud and Richmond Ranges. The Victoria Rangesform Tasman's southern boundary and the district's highest point is Mt Owen, at 1,875 metres. The landscape is diverse. From large mountainous areas to valleys and plains, sliced by such major rivers as the Buller River, Motueka, Aorere, Takaka and Wairoa River. There's lush bush and bird life, golden beaches, the unique 40 kilometre sands of Farewell Spit, and boundless fishing in the bays and rivers. These assets make the district irresistible to tourists and precious to those who live there.
Tasman is home to three national parks -
Abel Tasman National Park(New Zealand's smallest at 225.41 km²), Nelson Lakes National Park(1,017.53 km²) and Kahurangi National Park(4,520 km²).
Tasman Bay, the largest indentation in the north coast of the South Islandof New Zealand, was named after Abel Tasman, the first reported European discoverer of New Zealand. It passed the name on to the adjoining district formed in 1989largely from the merger of Waimea and Golden Bay counties.
Government and settlements
Tasman District Council( unitary authority) headquarters are at Richmond, close to the adjoining Nelson City. Community Boards exist to serve outlying areas in Motuekaand Golden Bay. Other towns are Motueka, Brightwater, Collingwood, Murchison, Riwaka, Saint Arnaud, Takaka, Tapawera, Wakefield, Mapua, and Kaiteriteri.
According to tradition, the
Māoriwaka "Uruao", brought ancestors of the Waitahapeople to Tasman in the 12th Century. Archaeological evidence suggests the first Māorisettlers explored the region thoroughly, settling mainly along the coast where there was ample food.
The succession of tribes into the area suggests considerable warfare interrupted their lives. Around 1828,
Ngati Toaunder Te Rauparahaand the allied northern tribes of Ngati Rarua and Ngati Tama, started their invasion of the South Island. They took over much of the area from Farewell Spitto the Wairau River.
The first immigrant ships from England arrived in 1842 and the European settlement of the region began under the leadership of Captain
In the 1850s, agriculture and pastoral farming started and villages were established on the
Waimea Plainsand Motueka. In 1856, the discovery of gold near Collingwood sparked New Zealand's first gold rush. Significant reserves of iron ore were located at Onekakaand an iron works operated here during the 1920s and 1930s.
Fruitgrowing started at the end of the 19th Century. By 1945, it was making a significant contribution to the local economy and that importance continues today.
Tasman District's estimated resident population at 30 June 2006was 47,200. This represents about 1.1% of New Zealand's population.
Most of Tasman's urban population lives in the Richmond Ward (10,851). It has the district's fastest growth rate, particularly in North Richmond where the population has grown by 23% since 1996.
The second largest area of growth is in the
Waimea/ MoutereWard. Mapua has posted the highest growth - 27.4% between 1996 and 2001.
Although Tasman has recorded strong growth, statistics show that the region itself has a low population density. As at March 2001, there were an estimated 4.3 people per square kilometre. This is mainly due to the lack of large urban areas and because 58% of the area is in national park.
Tasman has the country's highest percentage of people of European ethnicity - 96.8%.
The number of
Māori, European, Pacific Island and Asians have increased markedly since 1991, with Māori increasing by 60.5%. The main iwi represented in the wider Tasman region are Ngati Rarua, Ngati Tama ( Golden Bayand Tasman Bay), Te Atiawa, Ngati Koata, Ngati Kuia (eastern Tasman Bay) and the Poutini Ngai Tahu(southern areas).
Famous former residents include nuclear physicist
Ernest Rutherford, former Prime Ministers Bill Rowlingand Keith Holyoake, and Sir Michael Myers, Chief Justice of New Zealand 1929- 1946.
* [http://www.tasman.govt.nz/ Tasman District Council]
* [http://www.freshfm.net/ Fresh FM]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Tasman District — Tasman (région) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tasman. Tasman Administration … Wikipédia en Français
Tasman District — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Tasman District Country and Admin Code NZ.TAS.051 NZ … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Tasman District Council — is the Territorial Local Authority for the Tasman District of New Zealand.MayorThe current mayor of Tasman is Richard Kempthorne, who previously served as a Richmond councillor for two terms before being elected Mayor in October… … Wikipedia
Tasman — may refer to:People* Tasman Clingan (born 1988), Australian Rules Football player * Raymond Tasman Donoghue (1920 1960), Australian tram driver posthumously awarded the George Cross * Lindsay Tasman Ride (1898 1977), Australian physiologist,… … Wikipedia
District de Tasman — Tasman (région) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tasman. Tasman Administration … Wikipédia en Français
Tasman (region) — Tasman (région) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tasman. Tasman Administration … Wikipédia en Français
Tasman (Neuseeland) — Tasman Karte Basisdaten Hauptstadt … Deutsch Wikipedia
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District De Franklin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir District de Franklin (homonymie). Localisation du district sur une carte de l île du Nord … Wikipédia en Français