- Cypriot Turkish
Cypriot Turkish Kıbrıs Türkçesi Spoken in Northern Cyprus, Cyprus
(as Turkish Language)
Region Cyprus Island Native speakers 177,000 (Cyprus)  (date missing) Language family Writing system Latin Official status Regulated by No official regulation Language codes ISO 639-3 – This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
Cypriot Turkish, known locally as Kıbrıs Türkçesi, is a Turkish dialect spoken by Turkish Cypriots.
Emanating from Anatolia and evolved for four centuries, Cypriot Turkish is the vernacular spoken by Cypriots with Ottoman ancestry, as well as by Cypriots who converted to Islam during Ottoman rule. It is understood by expatriate Cypriots living in the UK, U.S., Australia and other parts of the world.
Cypriot Turkish consists of a blend of Ottoman Turkish and the Yörük dialect spoken to this day in the Taurus Mountains of southern Turkey. In addition it has absorbed influences from Greek, Italian and English.
Differences between standard Turkish and Cypriot Turkish
Cypriot Turkish is distinguished by a number of sound alternations not found in standard Turkish, but some of which are also quite common in other Turkish vernaculars:
- Voicing of some unvoiced stops
- t↔d, k↔g
- Standard Turkish kurt ↔ Cypriot Turkish gurt "worm"
- Standard Turkish taş ↔ Cypriot Turkish daş "stone"
- Preservation of earlier Turkic *ŋ
- Standard Turkish son ↔ Cypriot Turkish soñ "end, last"
- Standard Turkish bin ↔ Cypriot Turkish biñ "thousand"
- Changing 1st person plural suffix
- Standard Turkish isteriz ↔ Cypriot Turkish isterik "we want"
- Unvoicing of some voiced stops
- Standard Turkish Kıbrıs ↔ Cypriot Turkish Kıprıs "Cyprus"
- Lenition of final affricates
- ç ([tʃ]) ↔ ş ([ʃ])
- Standard Turkish hiç ↔ Cypriot Turkish hiş "no, none"
The last two alternations are more specific to Cypriot Turkish.
Consonant phonemes Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal Plosive p b t̪ d̪ k ɡ q ɢ Affricate tʃ dʒ Fricative f v s̟ z̟ ʃ x ɣ h Nasal m n ŋ Flap/Tap r Lateral l Approximant j
front central back unrounded rounded unrounded rounded unrounded rounded high i y (ü) ɯ (ı) u mid e (ẹ) œ (ö) o low æ (e) ɑ̟
- Standard Turkish "Okula gidecek misin?" is, in Cypriot Turkish, "Gideceñ okula?" (Will you go to school?)
Cypriot Turkish also lacks the question suffix of "mi".
- Standard Turkish "Annen evde mi?" is, in Cypriot Turkish, "Annen evdedir?" (Is your mother at home?)
In Cypriot Turkish, the reflexive pronoun in third person is different, namely "genni" (him, himself, them, themself). In Standard Turkish, kendisini.
Typical question sentences most of the time do not qualify as a standard Turkish question. See the example above. This is due to the fact that question suffixes are most of the time dropped by native Turkish Cypriots.
Another subtle difference is the emphasis on verbs.
- ^ "Ethnologue report for Cyprus"
- ^ Demir, Nurettin. Kıbrıs Ağızları Üzerine Notlar (Çukurova University Journal of Turcology) Retrieved on 2011-07-14.
- Erdoğan Saracoğlu (1992). Kıbrıs Ağzı: Sesbilgisi Özellikleri, Metin Derlemeleri, Sözlük. K.K.T.C. Millî Eğitim ve Kültür Bakanlığı. ISBN 975-17-1015-4.
- Yıltan Taşçı (1986). Kıbrıs Ağzı Dil Özellikleri. Lefkoşa: Akar Yayıncılık.
- Voicing of some unvoiced stops
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