- Abinger Hammer
infobox UK place
country = England
region= South East England
Abinger Hammer is a
villagesituated on the A25 between Dorkingand Guildfordin Surrey, England. It lies with the parish of Abingerwhich includes Abinger Commonand Abinger Sutton. Other neighbouring villages are Wotton and Gomshall.
The village was once a very important centre of the
wealden iron industryand this is commemorated by its most notable landmark, the clockwhich overhangs the main road. This portrays the figure of "Jack the Blacksmith", who strikes the hour with his hammer. The clock bears the motto "By me you know how fast to go". The clock was given in memory of the first Lord Farrer of Abinger Hallwho died in 1899. The clock represents the iron industry and the role played by the county of Surrey in the industrial past. [ [http://www.ukattraction.com/south-east-england/abinger-hammer-village-clock.htm UK attractions] retrieved 6-1-07] The striking hammer has been out of order since 2005.
River Tillingbourneflows through the village and forms a number of hammer ponds, once used to power forges and now to grow watercress. Brown troutswim in the stream, which is their natural habitat; the occasional larger rainbow troutcan be sighted. These may have escaped from the fish farm further downstream towards Gomshall.
In summer the village green in Abinger is popular with locals and tourists who like to picnic on the grass whilst watching a game of
cricketin surroundings which are quintessentially English. The cricket pitch borders the Tillingbourne - the Post Office sells nets for children to "fish" in this shallow and sandy stream. Annie's tearoom is next to the Post Office and offers lunches and teas seven days a week.
Abinger Hammer village school has been threatened with closure but due to public support it has remained open. [ [http://www.isbi.com/isbi-viewschool/608-ABINGER_HAMMER_VILLAGE_SCHOOL.html Abinger Hammer village school] retrieved 6-1-07] It is a state school and as of 2008 has only sixteen students.
E.M. Forsterspent forty years of his adult life living at his mother's house at West Hackhurst, Abinger Hammer. [ [http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:PvW8UyJ-7-MJ:www.heureka.clara.net/surrey-hants/surrey-writers.htm+%22west+hackhurst%22+abinger&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=6&gl=uk] ] During the years 1925 to 1945, the novelist, E M Forster, lived with his mother Alice Clare (Lily) in Abinger Hammer in a house designed by his father, the architect 'Eddie' Morgan, and previously occupied by his grandmother Laura. Forster was obliged to leave his home at West Hackhurst on the death of his mother in 1945 as the landlord refused to renew the lease.cn|date=January 2008
* [http://www.francisfrith.com/search/england/surrey/abinger+hammer/abinger+hammer.htm Old photographs]
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