- Izzat Husrieh
Izzat Husrieh studied at The Higher Arab Academy for Translation. In 1932, he began to write a weekly column for the daily, al-Sha'b. One year later, he co-founded the
Syrian Labor Union in Damascusand helped establish branches in Aleppo, Homs, and Hama.
In 1936, Husrieh allied himself with
Abd al-Rahman Shahbandar, leader of the Syrian opposition to the National Bloc regime of President Hashim al-Atassi. Shahbandar and Husrieh spoke out against the Franco-Syrian Treaty that Atsasi had signed in Parisin 1936 that promised Syrian independence from France over a twenty-five year period.
Husrieh argued that the National Bloc had given too many concessions to the French, including the right to maintain military bases in Syria for use in the event of war in Europe.
Jamil Mardam Bey, the architect of the 1936 treaty who had become prime minister shortly after that, closed al-Sha'b and placed Husrieh under 24-hour surveillance. Husrieh retaliated by issuing a secret pamphlet entitled al-Istifham(Question mark) that criticized the National Bloc and its entire leadership, accusing them of establishing a dictatorship in Syria.In 1942, following the death of Shahbandar, Husrieh joined al-Istiqlal al-Arabi (Arab Independence), another anti-Bloc publication, and served as its editor-in-chief. In May 1944, Izzat Husrieh founded his own evening newspaper in Damascus called al-Alam (The Flag), becoming editor-in-chief. When the Bloc achieved Syrian independence in 1946, Husrieh softened his criticism of them and allied himself with Bloc's successor, the National party. From 1944 to 1947, his career was supported by Prime Minister Saadallah al-Jabiri, a patron of al-Alam until his death in 1947.
In the 1940s, Husrieh wrote for the popular Damascus daily, al-Qabas (The Firebrand). When Syria and Egypt merged to form the
United Arab Republic(UAR) in February 1958, he criticized the military dictatorship of President Jamal Abd al-Nasserand hailed the coup that ousted the union in September 1961. From 1961 to 1963, he allied himself with the post-Nasser government of President Nazim al-Qudsi, who like Husrieh, had supported Shahbandar during his youth. In March 1963, the Military Committee of the Baath Partycame to power and pledged to restore the UAR. The officers closed Husrieh's newspaper, terminated his civil rights, and forced him into retirement.
Husrieh remained in Syria and worked until 1970 as a publisher without writing any articles in the press. He also worked with an excavation team to renovate historical sites in Damascus. He co-founded a committee to help protect the old quarters of the Syrian capital and start up another committee to monitor human rights issues in Syrian prisons. Izzat Husrieh died in Damascus on
November 4, 1975.
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