- Alfonso Robelo
Luis Alfonso Robelo Callejas (born
October 11, 1939), a Nicaraguan businessman, was the founder of the Nicaraguan Democratic Movement(MDN). [cite book | last = Ameringer | first = Charles D. | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Political Parties of the Americas, 1980s to 1990s: Canada, Latin America... | publisher = Greenwood Press | year = 1992 | location = | pages = 465 | url = | doi = | id = | isbn = 0313274185 ] He was one of the "moderates" on the five-members Junta of National Reconstructionthat the Sandinistas claimed would rule Nicaragua following the overthrow of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. However, Robelo found that the real power lay with the FSLN National Directorate.
After resigning from the Junta on
April 22, 1981, Robelo went into exile in 1982. He brought his MDN into Edén Pastora's rebel Democratic Revolutionary Alliance. Later, he split with Pastora, and joined the United Nicaraguan Opposition(UNO) with Arturo Cruz, and Adolfo Caleroof the Nicaraguan Democratic Force. After UNO's collapse, he joined the directorate of the new Contraumbrella group, the Nicaraguan Resistance.
During the political turmoil, Robelo's first marriage, to Indiana Cardenal Caldera, ended in divorce. They had four children: Indiana Margarita, Luis Alfonso (who died at a year and a half old), Eliza, and Alejandra. [ [http://www.euram.com.ni/pverdes/entrevista/indiana_cardenal_caldera.htm Indiana Cardenal Caldera] ] He remarried a Costa Rican.
Following the Esquipulas accord, President
Oscar Ariasof Costa Rica announced in January 1988 that Contra leaders could no longer live in his country. With his pregnant wife opposing a move from Costa Rica, he resigned from the directorate in early February.
The post-Sandinista government of
Violeta Chamorroappointed Robelo to be ambassador to Costa Rica. In 1993, he was taken hostage during a standoff at the embassy.
Former member of the RN Directorate. Politician, businessman. Born in Leon on October 11, 1939. Earned a degree in chemical engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (Troy, N.Y.) in 1961. Rector of the University of Central America 1970-1972 and President of the Nicaraguan Chamber of Commerce until 1975. He then headed the Nicaraguan Development Institute, long active in the development of independent agricultural and small business cooperatives. Following the assassination of La Prensa editor Pedro Joaquin Chamorro, Robelo cofounded the Nicaraguan Democratic Movement, a social-democratic political party of businessmen, industrialists, and professionals opposed to the Somoza regime. A leader and main spokesman for FAO working openly against the Somoza regime, he was arrested and publicly labeled a "subversive" by Somoza. After the revolution Robelo was one of the five members of the original 1979 post-Somoza junta. Resigned in April of 1980 because of the Marxist tendencies in the FSLN-dominated government and the growing Cuban influence in the country. Became President of the Democratic Coordinating Board. Harassed by the FSLN after his resignation from the junta and detained by the Sandinistas when he sought to travel abroad in 1982, he was finally forced into exile later that year, and his property was confiscated. In 1982, he joined with Eden Pastora and others in founding the ARDE, seeking to achieve the original democratic goals of the revolution. Robelo was elected to the Nicaraguan Resistance Directorate in May 1987. Resigned from the RN Directorate in January 1988.
He is a member of the Latino fraternity
Phi Iota Alpha. [cite book | last= | first= | coauthors= | year=1960 | month= | title=Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Transit Yearbook | publisher=Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute | location=Troy, New York | id= | pages= ]
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