Tri-Rail (reporting mark TRCX) is a commuter rail line linking Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach, Florida, United States. It is run by the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority. The 70.9 miles (114.1 km) system has 18 stations along the South Florida coast. The system connects directly to Amtrak at numerous stations, and the Metrorail in Miami at the Tri-Rail and Metrorail Transfer Station, and in 2012, with both systems at Miami Central Station at Miami International Airport. A second Tri-Rail line on the Florida East Coast Railway corridor may be in operation by 2014, eventually extending service north to Jupiter, Florida and south to Downtown Miami and numerous inner city Miami neighborhoods such as the Design District, Little Haiti, and Wynwood.
Planning for the system began in 1983, and building the organization began in 1986. The current system was formed by the Florida Department of Transportation and began operation in 1989, originally to provide temporary commuter rail service while construction crews widened Interstate 95 and the parallel Florida's Turnpike. Due to higher than expected ridership, Tri-Rail outlasted its temporary status, adding more trains and stations in the process. Line extensions have enabled Tri-Rail to service all three South Florida international airports: Miami International Airport, Fort Lauderdale – Hollywood International Airport, and Palm Beach International Airport. The state's original plan was to use the more urban FEC line, but FEC declined the offer as they wanted freight to be their top priority.
In 1998, the initial 67-mile route was extended north from the West Palm Beach Station to the Mangonia Park Station, and south from Hialeah Market Station (formerly Miami Airport Station) to the new Miami Airport station. Construction of the extensions began in 1996; this brought the system to 70.9 miles.
In 2007, a project to upgrade the full length of the line from Mangonia Park to Miami Airport with double-track was completed with the opening of a high-level fixed bridge over the New River near Fort Lauderdale. Once several other modernization projects are completed, the SFRTA will assume full responsibility for dispatching and maintenance from CSX.
The completion of the New River rail bridge and the addition of a second Colorado Railcar diesel multiple unit (DMU) ushered in sweeping changes to Tri-Rail's operational timetables. Tri-Rail added several more trains during peak weekday commuting hours in June 2007. During "rush-hour," trains run every twenty to thirty minutes rather than the previous schedule of every hour. This change comes at quite a fortuitous time in Tri-Rail's operation history. With gasoline prices at record highs—particularly in South Florida's sprawling metropolis—Tri-Rail has seen a double-digit percentage increase in ridership in mid-2007. 2009 saw a record high number of passengers, over 4.2 million for the year. Ridership dropped by about 600,000 in 2010 after a fare increase. In 2011, Tri-Rail again saw increasing ridership, averaging about 14,500 riders per weekday, along with sustained high gas prices. As Tri-Rail's fleet was aging, the cars were becoming crowded during the rush hour periods.
Fares and services
Tri-Rail fare is divided into six zones for one day passes, ranging from $2.50 to $11.55, with fare calculated by the number of zones travelled through, and whether it's one way or round trip. On weekends, a $5 all day pass is available, though trains run with very long headways. For frequent use, the $100 monthly Tri-Rail pass, or the $140 Tri-Rail/Metrorail/Metrobus monthly pass is much more cost effective. Discount fares are available for senior citizens, the disabled, registered employees of registered local employers, and children under five. On weekdays, 50 train trips are made in all, with 25 in each direction, while on weekends only 16 trips, eight north and eight south, are made in all.
Extensions and upgrades
Miami Central Station
With the new Miami Central Station under construction as of late 2009, the Miami Airport Station would also move into the new central station, along with connections to Amtrak, Metrorail, Metrobus, MIA Mover, Greyhound and the Miami Intermodal Center.
In the 2025 and 2030 long range transportation plans, Tri-Rail has envisioned moving to or adding service on the Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) corridor, which runs parallel to U.S. 1 (Biscayne Boulevard/Brickell Avenue) in Miami-Dade County, and Federal Highway in Broward and Palm Beach counties). This corridor will provide more opportunities for pedestrian travel from stations to end destinations than does the current South Florida Rail Corridor, which must rely almost exclusively on shuttle buses for passenger distribution. Tri-Rail officials project that the project would cost about $2.5 billion and that 59,000 people a day would ride it, The FEC, which denied the state's request to use the line for commuter rail in the 1980s, under new ownership has now stated that it's willing to allow the use of the 85 miles (137 km) segment of track between downtown Miami and Jupiter for passenger trains.
Tri-Rail service on the FEC line would bring stations to Downtown Miami's transit hub, Government Center Station, as well as service in Midtown Miami/Miami Design District, Upper East Side/Miami Shores, North Miami, North Miami Beach/Aventura, Downtown Hollywood, and Downtown Fort Lauderdale. Miami's Downtown Development Authority along with Miami-area politicians are actively lobbying to bring Tri-Rail to the city core.
On October 28, 2011, the SFRTA Governing Board approved a plan to run Tri-Rail local and express service on the FEC line to Downtown Miami by 2015, possibly sooner by 2014. The line would bring direct commuter rail service to Downtown for the first time since 1968. The plan will now go to the tri-county Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO)'s boards for approval. The plan is being fast-tracked in phases to provide service on the FEC portion from Downtown Fort Lauderdale and Downtown Miami's Government Center Station as soon as 2014.
Tri-Rail shares its track with Amtrak's Silver Meteor and Silver Star and CSX Transportation's Miami Subdivision. The Florida Department of Transportation purchased the track from CSX in 1989. Under the terms of the agreement, CSX would continue to provide dispatch services and physical plant maintenance for the track and would have exclusive freight trackage rights until certain conditions were met.
Tri-Rail participates in the EASY Card regional smartcard-based fare collection system along with Miami-Dade Transit. Purely paper tickets are also available for same-day or weekend use, and these latter items (or an EASY Card with paper-based receipt) can be used to transfer to Broward County Transit as well as Palm Tran.
Revenue and Expense
For fiscal year 2010, train revenue was approximately $10.3 million. Total operating expenses for fiscal year 2010, including depreciation expense, were approximately $86.9 million. Expenses increased by approximately $14.9 million or 20.7% when compared to fiscal year 2009..
Currently, the Tri-Rail has six stations in Palm Beach County, seven in Broward County, and five in Miami-Dade County. Transfers to county bus service is available at all stations and transfers to Miami Metrorail are available at the Tri-Rail and Metrorail Transfer Station and Miami Central Station (2012)
Zone County Station Connections 1 Palm Beach County Mangonia Park Station Palm Tran: 31, 33 West Palm Beach Station Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Palm Tran: 40, 43, 44, 45, 50 Downtown WPB shuttle
Lake Worth Station Palm Tran: 60, 62 2 Boynton Beach Station Palm Tran: 70, 71 Boynton Crosstown Delray Beach Station Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Palm Tran: 2, 70, 81 Delray Crosstown
3 Boca Raton Station Palm Tran: 2, 94 Broward County Deerfield Beach Station Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Broward County Transit: 48
Pompano Beach Station Broward County Transit: 34 4 Cypress Creek Station Broward County Transit: 60, 62 Fort Lauderdale Station Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Miami Metrobus: 95X
Broward County Transit: 9, 22, 81
5 Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport Station at Dania Beach Broward County Transit: 4, 6, 15, 16, SFEC Shuttle Sheridan Street Station Miami Metrobus: 95X
Broward County Transit: 3, 12
Hollywood Station Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Broward County Transit: 7. 95X
6 Miami-Dade County Golden Glades Station Miami Metrobus: 22, 49 Commuter, 59 Commuter, 77, 95X, 277 MAX, E
Broward County Transit: 18, 441 Breeze, University Breeze
Opa-locka Station Miami Metrobus: 32, 42 Metrorail Transfer Station Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor (to move operations to the Miami Central Station in 2012)
Miami Metrorail: Green Line
Miami Metrobus: 42, L (112)
Hialeah Market Station
(Temporary Tri-Rail terminus until the completion of the Miami Central Station in early 2013, Route 133 (Tri-Rail/Airport shuttle service from Miami Airport Station will diverted here)
Miami Metrobus: 132, 133 Miami Central Station
(Closed mid-September, 2011; reopening in late 2012/early 2013 as last phase of the Miami Intermodal Center)
Amtrak: Silver Star, Silver Meteor
Miami Metrorail: Orange Line
Miami Metrobus: 37, 42, 42A, 57, J, 133 Airport Shuttle, 150 Airport Flyer, 238 East-West Connection
(Miami service will be moved to the Miami Central Station in 2012, with direct connections to Miami Metrorail, Miami International Airport, Amtrak, the MIA Mover, Greyhound, and Miami Metrobus bus lines. New MDT bus lines 6, 7M, 836X are to be added to the Central Station upon completion)
The service began with five Morrison-Knudsen F40PHL-2 diesel locomotives. Tri-Rail later took delivery of three MotivePower Industries F40PH-2C locomotives and two ex-Amtrak EMD F40PHs. In 2006, six EMD GP49 locomotives were acquired from Norfolk Southern and were rebuilt by Mid America Car Company to the designation GP49H-3.
On October 29, 2008, the Tri-Rail switched to biodiesel fuel with a goal of a 99-percent blend, when available.
On 25 February 2011, Tri-Rail announced an order for ten Brookville BL36PH locomotives, with options for thirteen more, from the Brookville Equipment Corporation at a cost of $109 million. The purchase was met with criticism by the Florida Chamber of Commerce and state lawmakers, who claimed the bidding process was flawed. Rival bidder MotivePower Industries filed a lawsuit against Tri-Rail, claiming that the bidding process was skewed in Brookville's favor.
Like many other commuter rail services in the United States, Tri-Rail utilizes Bombardier BiLevel Coaches. Additional bi-level rolling stock from Colorado Railcar (4 DMU power coaches and 2 unpowered coaches) has been used since 2006. In 2010, the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority purchased new rail cars from Hyundai Rotem. The first new car was put into service in March 2011.
Diesel multiple units
In 2003, after receiving a grant from the Florida Department of Transportation, Tri-Rail contracted to purchase two pieces of rolling stock from Colorado Railcar: a self-propelled diesel multiple unit, (DMU) prototype control car and unpowered bi-level coach entered regular service with Tri-Rail in October 2006. The new purpose-built railcars are larger than the Bombardier BiLevel Coaches, holding up to 188 passengers, with room for bicycles and luggage. Currently, Tri-Rail owns and operates four DMU control cars and two unpowered trailer cars. One DMU train usually consists of two DMU power cars at each end of a trailer coach (making for two complete DMU+trailer+DMU sets on the system). Because the DMUs don't run on biodiesel, Tri-Rail stopped using them recently.
Annual ridership averages
2000 N/A 7,381 2001 2,543,604 8,344 2002 2,618,557 8,450 2003 2,753,562 9,135 2004 2,815,829 9,342 2005 2,615,720 9,446 2006 3,176,339 8,727 2007 3,392,894 11,388 2008 3,862,450 N/A 2009 4,222,850 N/A 2010 3,606,055 N/A
Tri-Rail carried more passengers on National Dump the Pump Day 2011 than on any other day in its 22-year history. A record 19,731 trips were logged, breaking the previous record - set on the day of the Miami Heat Victory Parade in 2006 - by more than 1,000 riders. Rides were free on that day.
- Metrorail (Miami)
- Transportation in South Florida
- List of United States railroads
- List of Florida railroads
- List of United States commuter rail systems by ridership
- Commuter rail in North America
- ^ a b Turnbell, Michael (November 19, 2011). "Tri-Rail ridership surging, as rail cars are aging". Palm Beach Post. http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/tri-rail-ridership-surging-as-rail-cars-are-1981598.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- ^ a b c "South Florida Regional Transportation Authority Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2010". SFRTA. http://www.sfrta.fl.gov/docs/overview/2010_CAFR.pdf.
- ^ "TRI-RAIL South Florida's Commuter Rail System". GetCruising.com. http://www.getcruising.com/rails/_trirail.html. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- ^ a b c "Officials seek public input on new transit option along FEC tracks". Sun Sentinel. 16 September 2010. http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2010-09-16/news/fl-fec-passenger-rail-20100915_1_tri-rail-passenger-train-rapid-transit-bus. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- ^ "Miami Downtown Development Authority hashing out plans to bring Tri-Rail downtown". Miamitodaynews.com. 2009-10-29. http://www.miamitodaynews.com/news/091029/story3.shtml. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
- ^ http://www.transitmiami.com/fdot/tri-rail-to-run-fec-service-by-2015-fdot-district-6-secretary-lone-no-vote
- ^ "South Florida Regional Transportation Authority". Sfrta.fl.gov. http://www.sfrta.fl.gov/press.html#press1. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
- ^ a b "$109 Million Tri-Rail Contract Awarded After Challenge". Sunshine State News. 25 February 2011. Archived from the original on 27 February 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/5woOJYoqL. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- ^ http://www.sfrta.fl.gov/docs/planning/Existing%20System/2002-2007%20Station%20Ridership%20Data.pdf
- ^ http://www.sfrta.fl.gov/docs/Planning/Performance%20Measurement%20Evaluation/Performance%20Measurement%20Evaluation%20(2007).pdf
- ^ "Tri-Rail Breaks All Previous Ridership Records On Dump The Pump Day 2011". SFRTA. June 2011. http://www.tri-rail.com/announcements.htm#list17. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Tri-Rail Official website
- South Florida Regional Transportation Authority
- South Florida East Coast Corridor Study - Study by the South Florida Regional Transportation Authority to reduce congestion and increase mobility in Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties.
- Transit Miami
- Colorado Railcar
Commuter rail and rapid transit stations in South Florida Tri-Rail
Boca Raton · Boynton Beach · Cypress Creek · Deerfield Beach † · Delray Beach † · Fort Lauderdale † · Fort Lauderdale Airport · Golden Glades · Hialeah Market · Hollywood † · Lake Worth · Mangonia Park · Metrorail Transfer †† · Miami Central ††† (service resumes 2013) · Opa-locka · Pompano Beach · Sheridan Street · West Palm Beach †
Airport ††† (opening 2012) · Allapattah · Brickell †† · Brownsville · Civic Center · Coconut Grove · Culmer · Dadeland North · Dadeland South · Douglas Road · Earlington Heights · Government Center †† · Hialeah · Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre · Martin Luther King Jr. · Northside · Okeechobee · Palmetto · Santa Clara · South Miami · Tri-Rail Transfer †† · University · Vizcaya
Adrienne Arsht Center · Arena/State Plaza · Bayfront Park ·
Bicentennial Park(closed 1996) · Brickell †† · College/Bayside · College North · Eighth Street · Eleventh Street · Fifth Street · Financial District · First Street · Freedom Tower · Government Center †† · Knight Center · Miami Avenue · Park West · Riverwalk · School Board · Tenth Street/Promenade · Third Street Key Greater Miami CBD Urban centers Major thoroughfaresNorth 36th Street · North 79th Street · North 103rd Street · North 125th Street · West 7th Avenue · West 27th Avenue · West 107th Avenue · Allapattah Road · Alton Road · Bird Road · Biscayne Boulevard · Collins Avenue · Coral Reef Drive · Coral Way · County Line Road · Flagler Street · Galloway Road · Gratigny · Ives Dairy Road · Julia Tuttle Causeway · Kendall Drive · Killian · Krome Avenue · William H. Lehman Causeway · LeJeune Road · Ludlam Road · MacArthur Causeway · Miami Avenue · Miami Gardens Drive · Milam Dairy Road · Miracle Mile · Ocean Drive · Okeechobee Road · Old Cutler Road · Port Boulevard · Red Road · Rickenbacker Causeway · South Dixie Highway · Sunset Drive · Tamiami Trail · Venetian Causeway Colleges and universities Parks and recreationAmelia Earhart Park · Arch Creek · The Barnacle Historic State Park · Bayfront Park · Bicentennial Park · Big Cypress National Preserve · Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park · Biscayne National Park · Chapman Field Park · Crandon Park · Dinner Key · Everglades National Park · Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden · Fort Dallas · Fruit and Spice Park · Greynolds Park · Haulover Park · The Kampong · Matheson Hammock Park · Oleta River State Park · Peacock Park · Shark Valley · South Pointe Park · Tamiami Park · Tropical Park · Virginia Key · Zoo Miami Major districts and attractionsAdrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts · American Airlines Arena · Boca Chita Key Historic District · Coral Castle · Design District · Downtown Miami Historic District · Jungle Island · Lummus Park · Homestead Historic Downtown District · MacFarlane Homestead District · Miami Art Deco District · Miami Seaquarium · Monkey Jungle · Normandy Isles Historic District · North Shore Historic District · Miami Riverwalk · South Beach · Villa Vizcaya Major shopping centersAventura Mall · Bal Harbour Shops · Bayside Marketplace · CocoWalk · Dadeland Mall · Dadeland Station · Dolphin Mall · The Falls · Lincoln Road Mall · The Mall at 163rd Street · Mall of the Americas · Mary Brickell Village · Metrofare Shops & Cafe · Miami International Mall · Miracle Marketplace · The Shops at Sunset Place · Southland Mall · Village of Merrick Park · Westland Mall Primary modes of transport Public transportation systems in Florida Bus transportation Rail transportation Currently operating commuter rail systems in the United StatesCaliforniaConnecticutFloridaTri-RailIllinois/WisconsinIndiana/IllinoisMassachusetts/Rhode IslandMaryland/West Virginia/Washington, DCMinnesotaNew Jersey/New York/PennsylvaniaNew YorkNew York/ConnecticutNew MexicoOregonPennsylvania/New Jersey/DelawareTennesseeTexasUtahVirginia/Washington, DCWashington
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