Manne Siegbahn


Manne Siegbahn
Manne Siegbahn

Born Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn
3 December 1886(1886-12-03)
Örebro, Sweden
Died 26 September 1978(1978-09-26) (aged 91)
Stockholm, Sweden
Nationality Swedish
Fields Physics
Institutions University of Lund
University of Uppsala
University of Stockholm
Alma mater University of Lund
Known for X-ray spectroscopy
Notable awards Nobel Prize for Physics (1924)
Notes
He is the father of Nobel laureate Kai Siegbahn.

Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn FRS[1] (3 December 1886 - 26 September 1978)[2] was a Swedish physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1924 "for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy".[3][4]


Siegbahn was born in Örebro, Sweden. He obtained his Ph.D. at the Lund University in 1911, his thesis was titled Magnetische Feldmessungen (magnetic field measurements). He was acting professor for Johannes Rydberg when his health was failing, and succeeded him as full professor in 1920.

Following his Ph.D., he started research on X-ray spectroscopy. This work continued when he moved to the University of Uppsala in 1923. He developed improved experimental apparatus which allowed him to make very accurate measurements of the X-ray wavelengths produced by atoms of different elements. He developed a convention for naming the different spectral lines that are characteristic to elements in X-ray spectroscopy, the Siegbahn notation. Siegbahn's precision measurements drove many developments in quantum theory and atomic physics.[5]

In 1937, Siegbahn was appointed Director of the Physics Department of the Nobel Institute of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Siegbahn married Karin Högbom 1914. They had two children: Bo Siegbahn (1915-2008), a diplomat and politician, and Kai Siegbahn (1918-2007), a physicist, who also received the Nobel Prize in Physics, in 1981, for his contribution to the development of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

He won the Hughes Medal 1934 and Rumford Medal 1940. In 1944 he patented the Siegbahn pump.

References

  1. ^ Atterling, H. (1991). "Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn. 3 December 1886-24 September 1978". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 37: 428–426. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1991.0022.  edit
  2. ^ Biography from the Nobel foundation website
  3. ^ Nobel prize citation
  4. ^ Shampo, M. A.; Kyle, R. A. (1998). "Manne Siegbahn--Nobel Prize for x-ray spectroscopy". Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic 73 (3): 249. PMID 9511784.  edit
  5. ^ Nobel prize presentation speech

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manne Siegbahn — (1924) Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn (* 3. Dezember 1886 in Örebro, Schweden; † 26. September 1978 in Stockholm) war ein schwedischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manne Siegbahn — Karl Manne Siegbahn. Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn (Örebro, Suecia, 3 de diciembre de 1886 Estocolmo, 26 de septiembre de 1978) fue un físico sueco, que recibió en 1924 el Premio Nobel de Física …   Wikipedia Español

  • Manne Siegbahn — Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn (3 décembre 1886 26 septembre 1978) était un physicien suédois, qui a reçu en 1924 le prix Nobel de physique pour ses découvertes dans le domaine de la spectroscopie par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Manne Siegbahn — Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn (n. Örebro, 3 de diciembre de 1886 † Estocolmo, 26 de septiembre de 1978). Físico sueco. Estudió en las universidades de Lund, Gotinga y Munich, obteniendo el doctorado en la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karl Manne Siegbahn — Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn (* 3. Dezember 1886 in Örebro, Schweden; † 26. September 1978 in Stockholm) war ein schwedischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Auszeichnungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Manne Siegbahn — Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn (3 décembre 1886 26 septembre 1978) était un physicien suédois, qui a reçu en 1924 le prix Nobel de physique pour ses découvertes dans le domaine de la spectroscopie par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kai Manne Siegbahn — Kai Manne Börje Siegbahn (* 20. April 1918 in Lund; † 20. Juli 2007 in Ängelholm) war ein schwedischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Auszeichnungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kai Manne Siegbahn — Kai Siegbahn Kai Manne Börje Siegbahn (né le 20 avril, 1918 à Lund et mort le 20 juillet, 2007 à Ängelholm) était un physicien suédois. Il obtint son doctorat à l Université de Stockholm en 1944. Il partagea le Prix Nobel de Physique 1981 avec… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Siegbahn — is the surname of: * Kai Siegbahn (1918–2007), Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize in 1981 * Manne Siegbahn (1886–1978), Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize in 1924siegbahn may refer to: * X unit, unit of length defined by Manne Siegbahn …   Wikipedia

  • Siegbahn — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Kai Siegbahn (1918–2007), schwedischer Physiker Manne Siegbahn (1886–1978), schwedischer Physiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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