- Cabinet of Japan
The nihongo|Cabinet|内閣|Naikaku is the
executive branchof the government of Japan. It consists of the Prime Minister and up to fourteen other members, called Ministers of State. The Prime Minister is designated by the Diet, and the remaining ministers are appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is collectively responsible to the Diet and must resign if a motion of no confidence is adopted by the House of Representatives.
The modern Japanese Cabinet was established by the
Constitution of Japanwhich came into effect in 1947. A cabinet also existed under the Meiji constitution of 1889-1946. This previous cabinet was subordinate to the Emperor.
Under the constitution, Ministers of State are appointed after the selection of the Prime Minister. A majority of the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister, must be members of the Diet (but may be members of either house), and all members must be civilians. Under the 2001 Cabinet Law, the number of Ministers of State (excluding the Prime Minister) must be fourteen or less, but this may be increased to seventeen if a special need arises. In the event that the Cabinet collectively resigns it continues to exercise its functions until the appointment of a new Prime Minister. While in office, legal action may not be taken against Ministers of State without the consent of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet must resign "en masse" in the following circumstances:
*When a motion of no confidence is adopted, or a vote of confidence defeated, by the House of Representatives, unless there is a dissolution of the house within ten days.
*Upon the first convocation of the Diet after a
general electionto the House of Representatives (even if every minister will then be reappointed).
*When the position Prime Minister becomes vacant, or the Prime Minister declares his intention to resign.
The Cabinet exercises two kinds of power. Some of its powers, while in practice exercised in accordance with the binding instructions of the Cabinet, are nominally exercised by the Emperor with the "advice and approval" of the Cabinet. Its other class of powers are exercised by the Cabinet explicitly. Contrary to the practice in many constitutional monarchies, the Emperor of Japan is not even the nominal chief executive of the state. Instead the constitution explicitly vests executive authority in the Cabinet.
In practice, much of the Cabinet's authority is exercised by the Prime Minister. Under the Constitution, he exercises "control and supervision" over the executive branch, and no law or Cabinet order can take effect without his countersignature.
Powers exercised via the Emperor
*Convocation of the Diet.
*Dissolution of the House of Representatives.
*Proclamation of general elections to the Diet
*Conferring of honours.
*Execution of the law.
*Conduct of foreign affairs.
*Conclusion of treaties (with the consent of the Diet).
*Administration of the civil service.
*Drafting of the budget (which must be adopted by the Diet).
*Adoption of cabinet orders.
*Granting of general amnesty, special amnesty, commutation of punishment, reprieve, and restoration of rights.
*Every law or cabinet order is signed by the relevant Minister of State and countersigned by the Prime Minister.
*Appointment of the associate justices of the
Supreme Court of Japan(except the Chief Justice, who is designated by the Prime Minister and formally appointed by the Emperor).
The Cabinet of Japan (since 24 September 2008)
Politics of Japan
Cabinets of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
*The Japan Times. "Junichiro Koizumi's Third Cabinet". The Japan Times Online. Accessed 19 November 2003 from: http://www.japantimes.com/cabinets.htm
*Cabinet Secretariat, Office of Cabinet Public Relations, Japan (2003). Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet. Retrieved 28 Oct. 2003 from: http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/index-e.html
* [http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/index-e.html Official Website of the Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinets]
* [http://www.geocities.co.jp/WallStreet-Bull/6515/rekidaiNaikaku.htm List of Japanese cabinets] (in Japanese only)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cabinet Office (Japan) — nihongo|Cabinet Office|内閣府|Naikaku fu is an agency in the Cabinet of Japan. It is responsible for handling the day to day affairs of the cabinet. The Cabinet Secretary position is usually given to a sitting minister.WorksThe Cabinet Office… … Wikipedia
Japan Self-Defense Forces — Military of Japan redirects here. For earlier military forces of the country, see Military history of Japan. JSDF redirects here. For other uses, see Japan Social Development Fund. Japan Self Defense Forces 日本国自衛隊 … Wikipedia
Cabinet Asō — Gouvernement Asō Cabinet du Japon 内閣 Naikaku Précédent : 91e Cabinet du Japon (Y. Fukuda) 25 septembre … Wikipédia en Français
Cabinet Secretariat — The Cabinet Secretariat (jp: 内閣官房; Naikaku Kambou) is the secretariat of the cabinet of Japan responsible for supporting directly the prime minister and managing general affairs in the cabinet.In 2005, the personnel is numbered… … Wikipedia
Japan's non-nuclear policy — Japan exhibits a firm non nuclear weapons policy, most popularly articulated as the Three Non Nuclear Principles of nonpossession, nonproduction, and nonintroduction of nuclear weapons.The policy only applies to nuclear weapons, not all nuclear… … Wikipedia
Japan — • Called in the language of the country Nihon or Nippon (Land of the Rising Sun), and Dai Nihon or Dai Nippon (Great Japan), situated north west of the Pacific Ocean and east of the Asiatic continent Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… … Catholic encyclopedia
Cabinet Legislation Bureau — Japan s Cabinet Legislation Bureau, headed by the Director General of the Cabinet Legislative Bureau, advises Cabinet members on drafting legislation to be proposed to the Diet. It acts as legal counsel for the Cabinet by examining bills, orders … Wikipedia
JAPAN — JAPAN, Asian state. In early medieval times Jews from Europe and the Middle East may have been involved in trade with Japan through their connection with the silk route. Later, during Japan s so called Christian Century (1542–1639), some Jews… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Japan–Thailand relations — Japan Thailand relations span a period from the 17th century to the present. Contacts had an early start with Japanese trade on Red seal ships and the installation of Japanese communities on Siamese soil, only to be broken off with Japan s period … Wikipedia
Cabinet Office (disambiguation) — Cabinet Office can be either: * Cabinet Office in the United Kingdom, * Cabinet Office in Japan.ee also*Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet … Wikipedia