- Shimon Peres
name = Shimon Peres
President of Israel
15 July 2007
Prime Minister of Israel
04 November 1995
18 June 1996
22 November 1995
14 September 1984
20 October 1986
22 April 1977
21 June 1977
birth_date = birth date and age|1923|08|02|df=y
birth_place = Wiszniew,
spouse = Sonya Peres
children = Zvia, Yoni, and Hemi Peres
Audio|He-Shimon_Peres.ogg|Shimon Peres ( _he. שמעון פרס, born "Szymon Perski" on
August 2 1923, [citeweb | url=http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull&cid=1219218606207| title=President Shimon Peres celebrates 85th birthday | accessdate=2008-08-28 |date=2008-08-21|publisher= Jerusalem Post] is the ninth President of the State of Israel. Peres served twice as Prime Minister of Israeland once as Acting Prime Minister, and has been a member of 12 cabinets in a political career spanning over 66 years. [cite web| url=http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/870789.html | title=Presidency rounds off 66-year career| publisher = " Haaretz"| author = Amiram Barkat] Peres was elected to the Knessetin November 1959 and, except for a three-month-long hiatus in early 2006, served continuously until 2007, when he became President.
Vishneva, in Poland in 1923, Peres moved with his family to Mandate Palestine in 1934. He held several diplomatic and military positions during and directly after the War for Independence in Israel. His first high level government position was as Deputy Director-General of Defense in 1952, and Director-General in 1953 through 1959.citeweb |url=http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/peres-bio.html |publisher=The Nobel Foundation |date=1995 |editor=Tore Frangsmyr |title=Shimon Peres, The Nobel Peace Prize 1994] During his career, he has represented five political parties in the Knesset: Mapai, Rafi, the Alignment, Labour and Kadima, and has led Alignment and Labour. Peres won the 1994 Nobel Peace Prizetogether with Yitzhak Rabinand Yasser Arafatfor the peace talks which he participated in as Israeli Foreign Minister, producing the Oslo Accords. Peres was nominated in early 2007 by Kadimato run in that year's presidential election, being elected by the Knessetfor the presidency on June 13, 2007and sworn into office on July 15, 2007for a seven-year term. [citeweb | url=http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1181570258432&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull | title=Peres elected President | accessdate=2007-06-13 |date=2007-06-12|publisher= The Jerusalem Post] Jim Teeple, [http://voanews.com/english/2007-07-15-voa14.cfm "Shimon Peres Sworn In as Israel's President"] , VOA News, July 15, 2007.]
Shimon Peres was born on
August 2, 1923[citeweb | url=http://www.knesset.gov.il/mk/eng/mk_eng.asp?mk_individual_id_t=104 | title=Shimon Peres | accessdate=2008-08-28 |date=|publisher=The Knesset's internet site] [citeweb | url=http://www.pmo.gov.il/PMOEng/History/FormerPrimeMinister/ShimonPeres.htm| title=Shimon Peres | accessdate=2008-08-28 |date=|publisher= Prime Minister of Israel's internet site] in Wiszniew, Poland (now Višnieva, Belarus), to Yitzhak (1896-1962) and Sara (b. 1905 née Meltzer) Perski. [ [http://www.jewishinstitute.org.pl/pl/gminy/miasto/41.html Location of Wiszniew on the map of the Second Polish Republic in the years 1921-1939, www.jewishinstitute.org.pl/] ] The family spoke Hebrew, Yiddish and Russian at home, and Peres learned Polish at school. He now speaks English and French in addition to Hebrew. [citeweb | url=http://www.knesset.gov.il/mk/eng/mk_eng.asp?mk_individual_id_t=104 |title=Knesset Member, Shimon Peres | publisher=Knesset | accessdate=2008-02-13] His father was a lumber merchant, later branching out into other commodities whilst his mother was a librarian. Peres has a younger brother, Gershon.citeweb | url=http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/per0bio-1 | title=Shimon Peres Biography | publisher=Academy of Achievement | date=2008-02-13]
Peres's grandfather, Rabbi Zvi Meltzer, a grandson of Rabbi
Chaim Volozhin, had a great impact on his life. In an interview, Peres said: "As a child, I grew up in my great- grandfather’s home… I was educated by him… my grandfather taught me Talmud. It was not as easy as it sounds. My home was not an observant one. My parents were not Orthodox but I was Haredi. At one point, I heard my parents listening to the radio on the Sabbath and I smashed it." citeweb |url=http://www.israel-times.com/news/2003/08/shimon-peres-1994-nobel-peace-prize-1869/ |title=Shimon Peres, 1994 Nobel Peace Prize |author=Judy L. Beckham |publisher=Israel-Times |date=August 2, 2003]
In 1932, Peres' father immigrated to Palestine and settled in
Tel Aviv. The family followed him in 1934. He attended Balfour Elementary School and High School, and Geula Gymnasium (High School for Commerce) in Tel Aviv. At 15, he transferred to Ben Shemen agricultural school and lived on Kibbutz Geva for several years. Peres was one of the founders of Kibbutz Alumot. In 1941 he was elected Secretary of Hanoar Haoved Vehalomed, a Labor Zionist youth movement, and in 1944 returned to Alumot, where he worked as a dairy farmer, shepherd and kibbutz secretary.
In 1945, Shimon Peres married Sonya (née Gelman), who has preferred to remain outside the public eye throughout his political career. They have three children: a daughter, Zvia Valdan, a linguist and professor at Beit Berl Teachers Training College; and two sons, Yoni (born 1952), director of Village Veterinary Center, a veterinary hospital on the campus of Kfar Hayarok Agricultural School near Tel Aviv, and Hemi, chairman of Pitango Venture Capital, one of Israel’s largest venture capital funds. [ [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=920227&contrassID=2&subContrassID=4 Not like other murderers] Haaretz, 5 November 2007] Peres has 8 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Sonya Peres was unable to attend Shimon's inauguration ceremony due to ill health. [citeweb | url=http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3404483,00.html | title=Sonia Peres regains consciousness | accessdate=2007-05-25 | publisher=
Ynetnews|date=2007-05-25] Peres is a first cousin of actress Lauren Bacall(born Betty Joan Perski). [citeweb | url=http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1131367066952&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull|date=2005-11-12 | title=Peres: Not such a bad record after all | accessdate=2007-05-31 | publisher= The Jerusalem Post]
Military and defense
In 1947, Peres joined the
Haganah, the predecessor of the Israel Defense Forces. David Ben-Gurionmade him responsible for personnel and arms purchases. In 1952, he was appointed Deputy Director General of the Ministry of Defense, and in 1953, at the age of 29, became the youngest ever Director General of the Ministry of Defense. He was involved in arms purchases and establishing strategic alliances that were of great importance for the young State of Israel. Thanks to Peres' mediation, Israel acquired the advanced Dassault Mirage IIIFrench jet fighter, established the Dimona nuclear reactor and entered into a tri-national agreement with France and the United Kingdomduring the 1956 Suez Crisis.
First steps in politics
Peres was first elected to the
Knessetin the 1959 elections, as a member of the Mapaiparty. He was given the role of Deputy Defense Minister, which he fulfilled until 1965 when he was implicated in the Lavon affairwith Moshe Dayan. Peres and Dayan left Mapai with David Ben-Gurionto form a new party, Rafi which reconciled with Mapai and joined the Alignment (a left-wing alliance) in 1968.
Political milestones in the 1970s
In 1969, Peres was appointed Minister of Immigrant Absorption and in 1970 became Minister of Transportation and Communications. In 1974, after a period as Information Minister, he was appointed Minister of Defense in the
Yitzhak Rabingovernment, having been Rabin's chief rival for the post of Prime Minister after Golda Meirresigned in the aftermath of the Yom Kippur War. During this time, Peres continued to challenge Rabin for the chairmanship of the party, but in 1977, he again lost to Rabin in the party elections.
Peres succeeded Rabin as party leader prior to the 1977 elections when Rabin stepped down in the wake of a foreign currency scandal involving his wife. As Rabin could not legally resign from the transition government, he officially remained Prime Minister, while Peres became the unofficial acting Prime Minister. Peres led the Alignment to its first ever electoral defeat, when
Likudunder Menachem Beginwon sufficient seats to form a coalition that excluded the left. After only a month on top, Peres assumed the role of opposition leader.
Political milestones in the 1980s
After turning back a comeback bid by Rabin in 1980 Peres led his party to another, narrower, loss in the 1981 elections.
In 1984, the Alignment won more seats than any other party but failed to muster the majority of 61 mandates needed to form a left-wing coalition. Therefore, the Alignment and Likud agreed on an unusual "rotation" arrangement in which Peres would serve as Prime Minister and the Likud leader
Yitzhak Shamirwould be Foreign Minister .
A highlight of this time in office was a trip to
Moroccoto confer with King Hassan II.
In rotation with Shamir
After two years, Peres and Shamir traded places. In 1986 he became foreign minister. In 1988, the Alignment led by Peres suffered another narrow defeat. He agreed to renew the coalition with the Likud, this time conceding the premiership to Shamir for the entire term. In the national unity government of 1988-1990, Peres served as Vice Premier and Minister of Finance. He and the Alignment finally left the government in 1990, after "the dirty trick" - A failed bid to form a narrow government based on a coalition of the Alignment, small leftist factions and ultra-orthodox parties.
Political milestones in the 1990s
From 1990, Peres led the opposition in the Knesset, until, in early 1992, he was defeated in the first primary elections of the new Israeli Labor Party (which had been formed by the consolidation of the Alignment into a single unitary party) by Yitzhak Rabin, whom he had replaced fifteen years earlier.
Peres remained active in politics, however, serving as Rabin's foreign minister from 1992 and without Rabin's knowledge, began illegal secret negotiations with
Yasser Arafat's PLOorganization. When Rabin found out, he let them continue. The negotiations led to the Oslo Accords, which would win Peres, Rabin and Arafat the Nobel Peace Prize.
After Rabin's assassination in 1995, Peres again became Prime Minister. During his term, Peres promoted the use of the
Internetin Israel and created the first website of an Israeli prime minister. However, he was narrowly defeated by Benjamin Netanyahuin the first direct elections for Prime Minister in 1996.
In 1997 he did not seek re-election as Labor Party leader and was replaced by
Ehud Barak. Barak rebuffed Peres's attempt to secure the position of party president and upon forming a government in 1999 appointed Peres to the minor post of Minister for Regional Development. Peres played little role in the Barak government.
Political milestones in the 2000s
In 2000 Peres ran for a seven-year term as Israel's President, a ceremonial head of state position. Had he won, as was expected, he would have been the first ex-Prime Minister to be elected President. He lost however, to Likud candidate
Following Ehud Barak's defeat by
Ariel Sharonin the 2001 direct election for Prime Minister, Peres made yet another comeback. He led Labor into a national unity government with Sharon's Likud and secured the post of Foreign Minister. The formal leadership of the party passed to Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, and in 2002 to Haifamayor, Amram Mitzna. Peres was much criticized on the left for clinging to his position as Foreign Minister in a government that was not seen as advancing the peace process, despite his own dovish stance. He left office only when Labor resigned in advance of the 2003 elections. After the party under the leadership of Mitzna suffered a crushing defeat, Peres again emerged as interim leader. He led the party into coalition with Sharon once more at the end of 2004 when the latter's support of "disengagement" from Gaza presented a diplomatic program Labor could support.
Peres won the chairmanship of the Labor Party in 2005, in advance of the 2006 elections. As party leader, Peres favored pushing off the elections for as long as possible. He claimed that an early election would jeopardize both the September 2005 Gaza withdrawal plan and the standing of the party in a national unity government with Sharon. However, the majority pushed for an earlier date, as younger members of the party, among them
Ophir Pines-Pazand Isaac Herzog, overtook established leaders like Binyamin Ben-Eliezerand Haim Ramon, in the party ballot to divide up government portfolios. It turned out that elections could not be held in June, as planned, when a scandal erupted over possible fraud in registering party members. The investigation of this scandal delayed elections until November 9 2005.
Irrespective of before or after the delay, Peres continually led in the polls, defying predictions that rivals would overtake him. His bitter exchanges with opponents began when former Prime Minister Barak began backing the holding of primaries early that year, as
Amir Peretzand Haim Ramon, two staunch anti-Barak Knesset members vowed to support Peres at any cost to defeat Barak. In a bizarre change of events, Peretz soon declared his own candidacy, a move viewed by Peres as the greatest betrayal.
Though Peres continued to trade nasty barbs with Barak in the newspapers, his feud with Peretz soon superseded that, especially when Barak pulled out of the race in early October. One of Peretz's main charges against Peres was that he neglected socio-economic affairs as a member of the Sharon government, and did not fulfill his statement that Labor had joined the coalition with only the intent of seeing through the Gaza Withdrawal. Peres lost the leadership election with 40% to Peretz's 42.4%. [cite web |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4423676.stm |title=Israel Labour head to meet Sharon|accessdate=2007-06-13|date=2005-11-10 |format= |work=
November 30 2005Peres announced that he was leaving the Labor Party to support Ariel Sharon and his new Kadimaparty. In the immediate aftermath of Sharon's debilitating stroke there was speculation that Peres might take over as leader of the party but most senior Kadima leaders, however, were former members of Likudand indicated their support for Ehud Olmertas Sharon's successor. [cite web | last = Verter | first = Yossi | title = Under Peres, Kadima would win 42 seats; under Olmert - 40 | publisher = Haaretz | date = 2006-01-06 | url = http://web.archive.org/web/20060113043619/http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/667051.html | accessdate = 2007-07-21 ]
Labor reportedly tried to woo Peres back to the fold. [cite web | coauthors = Mazal Mualem, Yossi Verter, and Nir Hasson | title = Shimon Peres calls on his supporters to vote Kadima | publisher = Haaretz | date = 2006-01-09 | url = http://web.archive.org/web/20060113042519/http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/667313.html | accessdate = 2007-07-21 ] Peres announced, however, that he supported Olmert and would remain with "Kadima". Media reports suggested that
Ehud Olmertoffered Peres the second slot on the Kadima list, but inferior cabinet positions to the ones that were reportedly offered to Tzipi Livni. Peres had previously announced his intention not to run in the March elections. Following Kadima's win in the election, Peres was given the role of Vice Prime Minister and Minister for the Development of the Negev, Galilee and Regional Economy.
President of Israel
June 13, 2007, Peres was elected President of the State of Israel by the Knesset. 58 of 120 members of the Knesset voted for him in the first round (whereas 38 voted for Reuven Rivlin, and 21 for Colette Avital). His opponents then backed Peres in the second round and 86 members of the Knesset voted in his favor, [cite web| url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6747517.stm |title=Peres elected Israel's president|date=2007-06-13|work= BBC News|accessdate=2007-06-13] while 23 objected. He resigned from his role as a Member of the Knesset the same day, having been a member since November 1959 (except for a three month period in early 2006), the longest serving in Israeli political history.
Peres was sworn in as President on
July 15, 2007. On November 13, 2007, he became the first Israeli president to speak before the legislature of a Muslim country when he addressed the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.citeweb |url=http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1192380806626&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull |title=Shimon Peres becomes 1st Israeli president to address a Muslim parliament |publisher=Jerusalem Post |date=13 November 2007]
Actions as President
In March 2007, Japan proposed a plan for peace based on common economic development and effort, rather than on continuous wrangling over land. Some Israeli and Palestinian officials stated their support, including Peres, who was then Vice-Premier. [ [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/837937.html Israelis, Palestinians applaud Japanese development plan] Associated Press via Haaretz.com, 3/15/07 ] In early 2008, this plan moved closer to realization, as plans were announced by Peres for joint economic effort in four locations in the West Bank, in a plan known as the
Valley of Peace initiative. This effort was to include joint economic and industrial projects, and a jointly-built university, with investment from several countries, including Turkey and Japan. citeweb |url=http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1200572481680&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull |title=A valley of economic harmony |author=Yaakov Lappin |publisher=Jerusalem Post |date= January 18, 2008]
Peres was at one time considered something of a hawk. [cite web |url=http://www.vision.org/visionmedia/article.aspx?id=591 |title=Shimon Peres: From Hawk to Dove|accessdate=2007-06-13|format= |work=Vision.org|date=Winter 2000] He was a protégé of Ben-Gurion and Dayan and an early supporter of the West Bank settlers during the 1970s. However, after becoming the leader of his party his stance evolved. More recently he has been seen as a dove, and a strong supporter of the notion of peace through economic cooperation. While still opposed, like all mainstream Israeli leaders in the 1970s and early 1980s, to talks with the
PLO, he distanced himself from settlers and spoke of the need for "territorial compromise" over the West Bank and Gaza. For a time he hoped that King Husseinof Jordan could be Israel's Arab negotiating partner rather than Yasser Arafat. Peres met secretly with Hussein in London in 1987 and reached a framework agreement with him, but this was rejected by Israel's then Prime Minister, Yitzhak Shamir. Shortly afterward the first intifadaerupted, and whatever plausibility King Hussein had as a potential Israeli partner in resolving the fate of the West Bank evaporated. Subsequently, Peres gradually moved closer to support for talks with the PLO, although he avoided making an outright commitment to this policy until 1993.
Peres was perhaps more closely associated with the
Oslo Accordsthan any other Israeli politician (Rabin included) with the possible exception of his own protégé, Yossi Beilin. He has remained an adamant supporter of the Oslo Accordsand the Palestinian Authoritysince their inception despite the First Intifadaand the Al-Aqsa Intifada. However, Peres supported Ariel Sharon's military policy of operating the Israeli Defence Forcesto thwart suicide bombings.
Often, Peres acts as the informal "spokesman" of Israel (even when he is in the opposition) since he earned high prestige and respect among the international public opinion and diplomatic circles. Peres advocates Israel's security policy (military
counter terroroperations and the Israeli West Bank barrier) against international criticism and de-legitimation efforts from pro-Palestinian circles.
Peres' foreign policy outlook is markedly realist. For example, to placate Turkey, the only significant Muslim country in the region that is friendly towards Israel, Peres is reported to have explicitly denied the
Armenian genocide. [Auron, Yair. "The Banality of denial: Israel and the Armenian Genocide."New York City: Transaction Publishers, 2003.] He was quoted, "We reject attempts to create a similarity between the Holocaust and the Armenian allegations. Nothing similar to the Holocaust occurred. It is a tragedy what the Armenians went through but not a genocide." [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20010418/ai_n14382462 Peres stands accused over denial of "meaningless" Armenian Holocaust] , by Robert Fisk] [ [http://www.anca.org/action_alerts/actionalerts.php?aaid=23 Protest Israeli foreign minister's remarks dismissing Armenian genocide as "meaningless"] ] [ [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/897273.html Peres to Turks: Our stance on Armenian issue hasn't changed] ] The Israeli Foreign Ministry, in addressing the controversy these remarks had created, later suggested that Peres had been misquoted, and that he "absolutely did not say, as the Turkish news agency alleged, 'What the Armenians underwent was a tragedy, not a genocide.'" [Auron, Yair. "The Banality of Denial". 2007, page 127.]
On the issue of the
nuclear program of Iranand the alleged existential threat this poses for Israel, Peres stated, "I am not in favor of a military attack on Iran, but we must quickly and decisively establish a strong, aggressive coalition of nations that will impose painful economic sanctions on Iran." He added, "Iran's efforts to achieve nuclear weapons should keep the entire world from sleeping soundly." In the same speech, Peres compared Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejadand his call to "wipe Israel off the map" to the genocidal threats to European Jewry made by Adolf Hitlerin the years prior to the Holocaust. [Pfeffer, Anshel. [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/980926.html "Peres: Fight terror - reduce global dependence on oil."] " Haaretz". 5 May 2008. 5 May 2008.] In an interview with Army Radio on May 8 2006he remarked that "the president of Iran should remember that Iran can also be wiped off the map". [ [http://www.dominicantoday.com/dr/world/2006/5/8/13207/Peres-says-that-Iran-can-also-be-wiped-off-the-map Peres says that Iran 'can also be wiped off the map' - DominicanToday.com ] ]
Shimon Peres is the author of eleven books, including:
*"The Next Step" (1965)
*"David's Sling" (1970) (ISBN 0-297-00083-7)
*"And Now Tomorrow" (1978)
*"From These Men: seven founders of the State of Israel" (1979) (ISBN 0-671-61016-3)
*"Entebbe Diary" (1991) (ISBN 965-248-111-4)
*"The New Middle East" (1993) (ISBN 0-8050-3323-8)
*"Battling for Peace: a memoir" (1995) (ISBN 0-679-43617-0)
*"For the Future of Israel" (1998) (ISBN 0-8018-5928-X)
*"The Imaginary Voyage : With Theodor Herzl in Israel" (1999) (ISBN 1-55970-468-3)
* [http://www.president.gov.il/defaults/default_en.asp Official Israeli Presidency website]
* [http://www.knesset.gov.il/mk/eng/mk_eng.asp?ID=104 Shimon Peres - Knesset page]
* [http://www.peres-center.org Peres Center for Peace website]
* [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9059215/Shimon-Peres Encyclopaedia Britannica, Shimon Peres - full access article]
* [http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1994/peres-bio.html Shimon Peres biography] at the [http://www.nobel.se The Nobel Prize Foundation]
* [http://www.zionism-israel.com/bio/Peres_biography.htm Biography of Shimon Peres] at [http://www.zionism-israel.com/zionist_biographies.htm Zionism and Israel Information Center Biography Page]
* [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/peres.html Shimon Peres biography] at the
Jewish Virtual Library
* [http://www.haaretz.com/peres Shimon Peres' blog on Haaretz.com]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4134419.stm BBC] - Sharon seals new Israel coalition
* [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?c=JPArticle&cid=1131367067166&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull Peres's metaphysical propensity to lose] by Matthew Wagner, published in the
Jerusalem Post, November 10 2005.
* [http://www.isracast.com/transcripts/291105a_trans.htm Former Labor Leader Shimon Peres Heading For Sharon's new party] - recorded Report from IsraCast.
* [http://uc.princeton.edu/main/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=608&Itemid=11/ Shimon Peres speaks at the Council on Foreign Relations about the Israel/Lebanon conflict] on
July 31 2006
* [http://www.cornell.edu/video/viewer/peres.cfmv Shimon Peres speaks at Cornell University - "A Conversation with Shimon Peres"]
* [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArtStEngPE.jhtml?itemNo=870789&contrassID=2&subContrassID=1&title=%27Presidency%20rounds%20off%2066-year%20career%20%27&dyn_server=172.20.5.5 "Presidency rounds off 66-year career"] by Amiram Barkat,
* [http://www.un.org/ga/63/generaldebate/israel.shtml President Peres' address to the 63rd session of the United Nations General Assembly] , September 24, 2008
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Perske, Shimon (birth name); שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס (Hebrew)
DATE OF BIRTH=
August 2, 1923
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=living
PLACE OF DEATH=
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Look at other dictionaries:
Shimon Peres — שמעון פרס … Wikipedia Español
Shimon Pérès — Shimon Peres Pour les articles homonymes, voir Peres. Shimon Peres שמעון פרס شمعون بيرس … Wikipédia en Français
Shimon Peres — o Szymon Persky. Político israelí (Wlczyn, Polonia, 21 de agosto de 1923 ). Nacido en una familia judía de la ciudad, entonces alemana, de Kronstadt, a los 11 años emigró con sus padres a Palestina (aún bajo mandato británico). Allí estudió en… … Enciclopedia Universal
Shimon Peres — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Peres. Shimon Peres שמעון פרס شمعون بيرس Shimon Peres, en novembre 2009 … Wikipédia en Français
Shimon Peres — Schimon Peres (2009) Schimon Peres (hebräisch שמעון פרס, arabisch شمعون بيرس, ursprünglich Szymon Perski; * 2. August 1923 in Wiszniewo, Polen, heute Wischnewa, Weißrussland) ist ein israelischer Politiker … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shimon Peres — n. (born 1923), Israeli statesman who served as Prime Minister of Israel, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 … English contemporary dictionary
Friedensnobelpreis 1994: Jasir Mohammed Arafat — Shimon Peres — Itzhak Rabin — Der PLO Führer und die beiden israelischen Politiker wurden für ihre Friedensbemühungen im Nahen Osten ausgezeichnet. Biografien Jasir Mohammed Arafat (eigentlich Rahman Abd ar Rauf Arafat al Qudwa al Husaini), * Kairo (nach anderen… … Universal-Lexikon
PERES (Persky), SHIMON — (1923– ), Israeli statesman, chairman of the Israel Labor Party 1977–92, 1995–97, and 2003–05, member of the Knesset since the Fourth Knesset; prime minister of Israel 1984–86 and 1995–96. Born in Vishneva, in Belorussia, Peres immigrated with… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Peres — is * a surname in the Portuguese language. It is an archaic variety of the modern Pires, originally a patronymic, meaning Son of Pedro or Son of Pero (English: Peter ). Its Spanish equivalent is Pérez . * Peres is also the Hebrew name of the… … Wikipedia
Peres, Shimon — orig. Shimon Perski born Aug. 16, 1923, Wołożyn, Pol. Polish born Israeli statesman. He immigrated to Palestine with his family in 1934 and joined the Haganah organization in 1947. After Israel achieved independence, he held a number of positions … Universalium