- Strawberry Hill, London
infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Greater London
official_name= Strawberry Hill
postcode_district= TW1, TW2
Strawberry Hill is an affluent area of the
London Borough of Richmond upon Thamesnear Twickenham. It is a suburban development situated 10.4 miles (16.7 km) west south-west of Charing Cross. It consists of a number of residential roads centered around a small development of shops and serviced by Strawberry Hill railway station. The area's ACORN demographic type is characterized as well-off professionals, larger houses, and converted flats.
The nineteenth-century development is named for "Strawberry Hill", the fancifully "Gothic"
villaof Horace Walpole, a follywhich he purchased in 1748 and rebuilt in stages to his own specifications, expanding the little property from five acres to forty-six over the years.
Walpole and two friends, including the connoisseur and amateur architect, John Chute (1701-1776), and draftsman, Richard Bentley (1708-1782), called themselves a “Committee of Taste” which would modify the architecture of the building. Bentley left the group abruptly after an argument in 1761. William Robinson of the Royal
Office of Workscontributed professional experience in overseeing construction. They looked at many examples of architecture in England and in other countries, adapting such works as the chapel at Westminster Abbeybuilt by Henry VII for inspiration for the fan vaulting of the gallery, without any pretense at scholarship. Chimney-pieces were improvised from engravings of tombs at Westminster and Canterbury and Gothic stone fretwork blind details were reproduced by painted wallpapers, while in the Round Tower added in 1771, the chimney-piece was based on the tomb of Edward the Confessor "improved by Mr. Adam".
He incorporated many of the exterior details of cathedrals into the interior of the house. Externally there seemed to be two predominant styles ‘mixed’; a style based on castles with turrets and battlements, and a style based on Gothic cathedrals with arched windows and stained glass.
The building evolved similarly to how a medieval cathedral often evolved over time, with no fixed plan from the beginning. Walpole added new features over a thirty-year period, as he saw fit.
Walpole's 'little Gothic castle' has significance as one of the most influential individual buildings of such Rococo "Gothick" architecture which prefixed the later developments of the nineteenth century
Gothic revival, and for increasing the use of Gothic designs for houses. This style has variously been described as Georgian Gothic, Strawberry Hill Gothic, Georgian Rococo, or Gothick
In 2004, Strawberry Hill featured in the BBC/Endemol TV series Restoration, presented by
Griff Rhys Jones, Ptolemy Deanand Marianne Suhr, produced and directed by Paul Coueslant.
Other local attractions include:
St Mary's University College, Twickenham
Strawberry Hill railway station, built in 1873, is an excellent local example of the Victorian erarailway building boom.
*Jones, E. and Woodward, C. "A Guide to the Architecture of London", 1983, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London
* [http://www.friendsofstrawberryhill.org Friends of Strawberry Hill]
* [http://www.shra.org.uk The Strawberry Hill Residents' Association]
* [http://www.strawberryhill-online.co.uk/ Strawberry Hill Online]
* [http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk The Twickenham Museum]
* [http://www.twicksoc.org.uk The Twickenham Society]
* [http://www.shgc.net/ Strawberry Hill Golf Club]
* [http://www.richmond.gov.uk/local_history_h_walpole.pdf (London Borough of Richmond-upon-Thames) "Horace Walpole and Strawberry Hill"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Strawberry Hill — von verschiedenen Orten Strawberry Hill (Bauwerk) ist der Name des Landhauses von Horace Walpole, 4. Earl of Orford, in Twickenham an der Themse (s. u.) Strawberry Hill (Kansas City, Kansas) Strawberry Hill, London, der Name einer Siedlung,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Strawberry Hill — is the name of several places:United Kingdom*Strawberry Hill, LondonUnited States*Strawberry Hill, San Francisco, California *Strawberry Hill (Kansas City, Kansas) * Strawberry Hill (Creagerstown, Maryland), listed on NRHP * Strawberry Hill… … Wikipedia
Strawberry Hill (Bauwerk) — Strawberry Hill auf einem Gemälde von Johann Heinrich Müntz, 1755/59 Strawberry Hill ist ein schlossartiges Landhaus, das sich der Schriftsteller und Politiker Horace Walpole, 4. Earl of Orford, in den Jahren 1749 bis 1776 an der Themse … Deutsch Wikipedia
Strawberry Hill — [Strawberry Hill] a large house by the River ↑Thames, west of London, well known for its ↑Gothic architecture. Horace Walpole bought the house in 1749 and added several towers and detailed and complicated decorations. It is one of the earliest… … Useful english dictionary
Strawberry Hill — [ strɔːbəri hɪl], 1748 nach Ideen des Schriftstellers und Kunstsammlers H. Walpole erbautes englisches Landhaus in Twickenham (heute zu London), bei dem erstmals neugotische Formen auf den Profanbau übertragen wurden. Von der Innenausstattung… … Universal-Lexikon
Strawberry Hill railway station — Infobox London station name = Strawberry Hill manager = South West Trains zone = 5 locale = Strawberry Hill borough = Richmond upon Thames start= 1 December 1873 platforms = 2 railexits0405=0.577 railexits0506=0.543 railexits0607=0.978 railcode … Wikipedia
Strawberry Hill — a large house by the River Thames, west of London, well known for its Gothic architecture. Horace Walpole bought the house in 1749 and added several towers and detailed and complicated decorations. It is one of the earliest examples of the Gothic … Universalium
London Borough of Richmond upon Thames — Lage in Greater London Status London Borough Region … Deutsch Wikipedia
London Borough of Richmond upon Thames — Infobox London Borough | name = London Borough of Richmond upon Thames short name = Richmond adminhq = Twickenham imagename = status = London borough | area rank = 290th area km2 = 57.41 ons code = 00BD | ethnicity = 89.0% White 4.9% South Asian… … Wikipedia
London — Die Buchstaben und Zahlen zwischen den Linien | H6 | bezeichnen die Quadrate des Planes. Abbeyfield RoadH6 Abbey RoadA1, 2 – StreetG2, 3; G5 Abercorn PlaceA2 Acacia RoadAB1, 2 AchillesB5 Acton StreetDE2 Adam StreetH5 Addington SquareF7 Adelaide… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon