- Bodega Bay
Bodega Bay is a shallow, rocky
inletof the Pacific Oceanon the coast of northern Californiain the United States. It is approximately convert|5|mi|km|0|abbr=on across and is located approximately convert|40|mi|km|-1|abbr=on northwest of San Franciscoand convert|20|mi|km|0|abbr=on west of Santa Rosa. The bay straddles the boundary between Sonoma County to the north and Marin County to the south.
Bodega Bay is protected on its north end from the Pacific Ocean by
Bodega Head, which shelters the small Bodega Harborand is separated from the main bay by a jetty. The San Andreas Faultruns parallel to the coastline and bisects Bodega Head, which lies on the Pacific Plate; whereas the town is on the North American Plate. The village of Bodega Bay sits on the east side of Bodega Harbor. The bay connects on its south end to the mouth of Tomales Bay.
Streams flowing into Bodega Bay include the
Estero de San Antonioand the Estero Americano.
Accessible beaches on Bodega Bay include
Doran Regional Park(on the jetty) and [http://www.co.sonoma.ca.us/parks/PK_pingl.htm Pinnacle Gulch] . [cite web|url=http://www.co.sonoma.ca.us/parks|title=Sonoma County Regional Parks]
Apart from the harbor, all of Bodega Bay lies within the boundaries of the
Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary.
Coast Miwoklived on the shores of Bodega Bay. Documented village names include: "Helapattai", "Hime-takala", "Ho-takala", and "Tokau". [cite web|url=http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/california/miwokindianhist.htm|title=Access Genealogy: Miwok Indian Tribe]
There is speculation that Bodega Bay may have been
Sir Francis Drake's Nova Albionlanding location on the California coast.
Bodega Bay was discovered in 1775 by the
Peruvianexplorer Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, after whom it is named. He planned to return, but never did. In 1812, the Russian-American Companyestablished Fort Rossabout convert|15|mi|km|0|abbr=on up the coast and began growing grain and shipping it to Alaskafrom Bodega Bay. The Bay remained an active harbor for shipping lumber until the 1870s, when the North Pacific Coast Railroadwas built, bypassing the coast in favor of a more inland route.cite web|year=2006|url=http://www.bodeganet.com/SalmonCreek/SC%20Estuary%20Final.pdf|title=Salmon Creek Estuary: Study Results and Enhancement Recommendations|accessdate=2007-12-04]
Bodega Bay was the setting of the 1963
Alfred Hitchcockfilm, "The Birds". [cite web|url=http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0056869/locations|title=IMDb: Filming locations for The Birds]
Bodega Head was selected by
PG&Efor, and construction actually started on, a nuclear power reactor in the 1960s. A large hole was dug, but construction was halted when it was discovered that the site is on a geologic fault. [ [http://jpe.library.arizona.edu/volume_6/wellockvol6.htm Critical Masses: Opposition to Nuclear Power in California, 1958-1978] ] Opponents to the plant called it Hole in the Head, which it is still called today. PG&E sold the land to the state of California for one dollar. The hole is now a freshwater pondthat provides habitat for birds.Fact|date=December 2007
Film locations in Sonoma County, California
Anti-nuclear movement in California
* [http://cfpub.epa.gov/surf/huc.cfm?huc_code=18010111 EPA watershed profile: Bodega Bay]
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