- The Old World Landowners
The Old World Landowners, written in
1835is the first tale in the Mirgorod collection by Nikolai Gogol. It is a simple story that represents the mature Gogol and hints at his later works.
Gogol opens by providing a romantic description of landowners in the countryside, giving particular attention to minute details. The two landowners, Afanasy Ivanovich and Pulkheria Ivanovna Tovstogub live peacefully together in a remote village. The descriptions of them fit into the
Slavophiletradition, comparing them strikingly against urban Russians, particularly in Saint Petersburg, who are referred to as "paltry contemptible creatures."
The two old landowners live in peace, with a mutual love that brings a sense of sympathy. The bulk of the opening focuses on their day-to-day lives, eating jelly, making jokes and so forth. Eventually, Gogol introduces Pulkheria’s grey cat, which Afanasy jokes about, wondering why anyone would waste time with such a creature. The cat is introduced with a sense of foreboding, with Gogol commenting that little things can affect the stability of the strongest realities ("a melancholy incident that transformed forever the life of that peaceful nook").
The cat gets away at one point, and Pulkheria finds it shortly thereafter in a feral state. Though it comes back to her and goes inside the house to be fed, the cat seems strangely different and eventually flees the house to never return. Pulkheria then sinks into thought, believing that death will soon come for her. She grows ill and weary and dies, leaving Afanasy alone. He progressively breaks down, disturbed by the smallest things for they remind him of Pulkheria. The entire area he had control over slowly becomes more degraded as his condition worsens, and he himself dies after he believes he hears her calling to him outside.
A distant kinsman from an unknown location, who was a lieutenant, takes over control of the estate, and soon everything falls into ruin. He puts the estate under the care of a board of trustees, bringing things like a fine English sickle to clear the area, and the huts on the property soon fall down, leaving some peasants drunken and hopeless and others to run away to find better lives. The new owner rarely visits the estate, and the story ends commenting on his visits to local markets to buy nothing over a
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World — (ISBN 0 609 80964 4) is a 2004 book by Jack Weatherford, Dewitt Wallace Professor of Anthropology at Macalester College. It describes the rise and impact of Genghis Khan. The text is based largely on the Secret History of the Mongols and also… … Wikipedia
Growth of the Old Swiss Confederacy — History of Switzerland This article is part of a series Early history … Wikipedia
Man and the natural world changing attitudes in England 1500-1800 — Man and the natural world. Changing attitudes in England 1500 1800 by historian Keith Thomas was originally published in Great Britain by Allen Lane in 1983. Anthropocentric worldview. The first chapter introduces us to the extreme human centred… … Wikipedia
The Broads — Not to be confused with The Broads, Newfoundland and Labrador. A typical view of the Norfolk Broads The Broads are a network of mostly navigable rivers and lakes in the English counties of Norfolk and Suffolk. The Broads, and some surrounding… … Wikipedia
Old Westbury, New York — Village U.S. Census Map … Wikipedia
The Pied Piper of Hamelin — is a legend about the abduction of many children from the town of Hamelin ( Hameln ), Germany. Famous versions of the legend are given by the Brothers Grimm and, in English, by Robert Browning.PlotIn 1284, while the town of Hamelin was suffering… … Wikipedia
Old Calton Cemetery — Old Calton Cemetery, looking towards Calton Hill … Wikipedia
The Fens — The Fens, also known as the Fenland, is a geographic area in eastern England, in the United Kingdom. The Fenland primarily lies around the coast of the Wash; it reaches into two Government regions (East Anglia and the East Midlands), four modern… … Wikipedia
Old Mobile Site — Old Mobile Site; Fort Louis De La Louisiane U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Old Man On His Back Plateau — is a small plateau in Southwestern Saskatchewan, Canada, southeast of the Hamlet of Robsart, Saskatchewan in an area known as the Old Man On His Back Prairie and Heritage Conservation Area . Contents 1 History 2 Statistics … Wikipedia