- Skipton Castle
Infobox Military Structure
Skipton, North Yorkshire, England
caption=Skipton Castle gatehouse
builder=Robert de Romille
used=Until December 1645
ownership=The Fattorini family
Skipton Castle is situated within the town of
Skipton, North Yorkshire, England. The castle has been preserved for over 900 years, built in 1090 by Robert de Romille, a Norman baron.
The castle has stood for 900 years, first built as a
Motte and Baileycastle in 1090 by Robert de Romille, a Norman baron. The castle was soon replaced with a stone keep as the old Motte and Baileyconstructed was not enough to withstand the attacks from the Scots to the north.
In 1310, Edward II granted the property of the castle to Robert Clifford who was appointed Lord Clifford of
Skiptonand Guardian of Craven[http://www.skiptoncastle.co.uk/hist.htm] . Robert Clifford ordered many improvements to the fortifications of the castle but died in the Battle of Bannockburnin 1314 when the improvements were barely complete.
English Civil Warit was the only remaining Royalist stronghold in the north of Englanduntil December 1645. After a 3 year siege, a surrender was negotiated in 1645 between Oliver Cromwelland the Royalists. Oliver Cromwellordered the removal of the castle roofs.
Skipton remained the Cliffords' principal seat until 1676.
Lady Anne Clifford(1590-1676) was the last Clifford to own Skipton castle. After the 3 year siege, she ordered repairs and as a commemoration she planted a yew tree in the central courtyard to mark the Castle's repair from the English Civil War.
Today it stands as one of the most preserved medieval castles in
Englandand is both a tourist attraction and a private residence.
The main castle consists of six
drum towers, with a domestic range connecting the two towers on the northern side, protected by a precipice overlooking Eller Beck. The first floor comprises the original kitchen, great hall, withdrawing rooms and the lord's bedchamber. New kitchens, storage and work cellars make up the ground floor. The remaining towers are mainly military in nature and purpose. 16th and 17th century additions have created a new entrance staircase (replacing the original drawbridge), a further domestic wing, and new, larger windows in the original structure. In the centre is a courtyard, known as the Conduit Court, which contains a yewtree, reputedly planted by Lady Anne.
The outer curtain wall encloses the inner wards and various subsidiary buildings, including the ruins of a 12th century chapel. The wall is mainly extant, and is pierced by a twin-towered Norman gatehouse. The East tower of the gatehouse contains a 17th century shell grotto, one of only two remaining grottos from this period (the other is at
English Civil War
History of Skipton
* "Skipton Castle" (guidebook), Jarrod Publishing, 1999
* [http://www.skiptoncastle.co.uk/ Official site]
* [http://www.skiptonweb.co.uk/tourist/skiptoncastle.htm Skipton Web entry on Skipton Castle]
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