Unimak Island


Unimak Island

Infobox Islands
name = Unimak



image caption = Unimak Island from space, September 1992 (viewed from Shuttle "Endeavour" on STS-47)
image size =
locator
Location map|Alaska|lat=54.766667|long=-164.133333
map_custom = yes
native name = "Unimax"
native name link = Aleut language
nickname =
location = Northern Pacific Ocean
coordinates = coord|54|46|N|164|08|W|display=inline
archipelago = Aleutian Islands
total islands =
major islands =
area = convert|1571.41|sqmi|km2
length =
width =
highest mount = Mount Shishaldin
elevation = convert|9373|ft|m
country = United States
country admin divisions title = State
country admin divisions = flag|Alaska
country admin divisions title 1 = Borough
country admin divisions 1 = Aleutians East
country admin divisions title 2 =
country admin divisions 2 =
country largest city =
country largest city population =
population = 64
population as of = 2000
density = 0.02
ethnic groups =
additional info =

Unimak Island (Unimax [Bergsland, K "Aleut Dictionary" Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center, 1994] in Aleut) is the largest island in the Aleutian Islands chain of the U.S. state of Alaska. It is the easternmost island in the Aleutians and, with an area of 4,069.9 km² (1,571.41 mi²), the ninth largest island in the United States and the 134th largest island in the world. It is home to Mount Shishaldin, one of the ten most active volcanoes in the world. According to the United States Census Bureau, there were 64 people living on Unimak as of the 2000 census, all of them in the city of False Pass at the eastern end of the island.

An interesting physical feature is Fisher Caldera, a volcanic crater in the west-central part of Unimak. Some characteristics include many volcanic cones and undrained lakes. It is named for Bernard Fisher, a U.S. Geological Survey geologist who was killed in Umnak Pass.

As a faunal extension of the Alaska Peninsula, Unimak has a relatively diverse assemblage of terrestrial mammals, including brown bears and caribou. West of Unimak, the largest native mammal in the Aleutians is the red fox.

Scotch Cap lighthouse was built in 1905 and was manned by the U. S. Coast Guard. On April 1, 1946, after an earthquake, the lighthouse was struck by a tsunami. The lighthouse slid into the sea killing five Coast Guard personnel.

Airports

*Akutan Seaplane Base
*Cape Sarichef Airport

References

* [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-context=dt&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CHECK_SEARCH_RESULTS=N&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_P001&-tree_id=4001&-all_geo_types=N&-redoLog=true&-transpose=N&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001046&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001047&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001048&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001049&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001055&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001056&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001057&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001058&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001059&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001060&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001061&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001062&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001063&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001064&-geo_id=100$10000US020130001001065&-search_results=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en&-show_geoid=Y Unimak Island: Blocks 1046 thru 1049 and 1055 thru 1065, Census Tract 1, Aleutians East Borough, Alaska] United States Census Bureau

External links


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