Wacken Open Air

Wacken Open Air

infobox music festival
music_festival_name = Wacken Open Air

location = Wacken, Germany
years_active = 1990 – present
founders = Thomas Jensen and Holger Hübner [ [http://rhein-zeitung.de/on/08/07/25/magazin/szene/t/rzo452763.html?markup=rzo452763 Wacken-Gründer Thomas Jensen im Interview (german)] ]
dates = August
genre = Heavy metal
website = [http://www.wacken.com/ www.wacken.com]

Wacken Open Air (W:O:A) is a popular German music festival focusing on various forms of extreme metal and heavy metal. It takes place annually in the small town of Wacken in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany. With 70,000 festival visitors, and including personnel a total of over 72,000 attendees in 2007, [ [http://www.wacken.com/de/woa2007/main-news/news/ansicht/article/woa-2007-statement/] announcement on official page] it attracts all kinds of metal music fans, such as fans of black metal, death metal, power metal, thrash metal, gothic metal and also folk metal, from around the world.

The festival was first held in 1990 as a small event for local German bands. By 1998 the event had become the major festival on the European metal calendar and one of the most important in the world and included over 70 bands from all over Europe, North America and Australia. W:O:A is usually held at the beginning of August and lasts three days, during which the festival-goers camp on several large camping grounds surrounding the actual festival area. The 70 or more bands perform across four separate stages over the course of the event.

The festival is well known for its very amicable run, which is a fact that is approved year by year.



August 24 - August 25 1990: 5th Avenue, Axe'n Sex, Motoslug, Sacret Season, Skyline, Wizzard


August 21 - August 22 1991: Bon Scott (HH), Gypsy Kyss, Kilgore, Life Artist, Ruby Red, Shanghai'd Guts, Skyline


August 22 - August 23 1992: 5th Avenue, Asmodis, Ax'n Sex, Bad Sister, Bai Bang, Blind Guardian, De La Cruz, Doc Eisenhauer, Dr. Hörp, Eddie E., Highlander, Ides of March, Incubator, Jolly Hangman, Mama's Boys, Morbid Mind, Motoslug, Pagan Spell, Paradise, Play'n'Bleed, Saitensprünge, Saxon, Störspatzen of Des, STS 8 Mission, The Waltons, Vivian


August 20 - August 22 1993: 5th Avenue, Abi Wallenstein, Ax'n Sex, Blue Velvet, Bon Scott (HH), Buddy Lackey, Châlice, Doro, Fast Lover, Fates Warning, Gary Hughes, Gorefest, Häwi Mädels, Heavenward, Highlander, Holocaust, Jacks Hammer, Jingo de Lunch, Michael Dickes, Noisy Act of Protest, Plan B, Railway, RAX, Riverdogs, Samael, Sahara, Skew Siskin, Torment, Toy, Trespass, Vivian, Warpath


August 19 - August 20 1994: Ace Öf Spades, Atrocity, Chemical Breath, Deceased, Decision D, Dixi Gunworks, Easy Livin' (Uriah Heep feat. Markus Grosskopf from Helloween), Gamma Ray, Hannes Bauer & Orchester, Gnadenlos, Ken Templin, Many Acts Of Maniacs, Moray, Pagandom, Paul Di'Anno's Killers, Prollhead, Rausch, Riff Raff, Riverdogs, Roan, Saintcatee, Skyclad, Stoney Rudolph & The Happy Mc Cardies, Suiciety, Tears for Beers, The Tea Party, The Waltons, Torment, U.K. Subs


August 19 - August 20 1995: 5th Avenue, Amentia, Angra, Bad Sister, Châlice, Creep, , Dark At Down, Das Auge Gottes, Depressive Age, Dixie Gunworks, Ghosts of Dawn, Graue Zellen, Hate Squad, Laberinto, More About Dogs, Morgoth, Paragon, Phantoms of Future, Pothead, Power of Expression, Pretty Maids, Prime, Rape, Revelation, Schweisser, Solitude Aeturnus, Temple of the Absurd, Tiamat, Trauma, Trieb, Vanden Plas, Vocation


August 9 - August 10 1996: Asylum, Atrocity, Bad Sister, Big Nothing, Böhse Onkelz, Crematory, Desert Storm, Dice, Dimple Minds, Dritte Wahl, Gorefest, Gorn, Grave Digger, Grind Machine, Kingdom Come, Kreator, Manos, Oomph!, Pyogenesis, Ramones Mania, Randalica, Ricochet, Schweisser, Secret Discovery, Sieges Even, Temple of the Absurd, Theatre of Tragedy, The Exploited, The Gathering, Tom Angelripper, Vicki Vomit, Whils


August 8 - August 9 1997: Aion, Alastis, Amorphis, Birth Control, Dimmu Borgir, Dismember, Dissection, Don Bosco, Entrust, Fox Force Five, Gainsay, Grave Digger, Grinning Sinner, Hammerfall, Hassmütz, In Flames, Iron Savior, Late September Dogs, Lake of Tears, Love Gun, Motörhead, Mummlox, Overkill, Paunch, Rage & Lingua Mortis Orchester, Raven, Rock Bitch, Samael, Saviour Machine, Scanner, Sceptic Acceptance, Sinner, Sodom, Steiger, Subway to Sally, Tank, Theatre Of Tragedy, The Automanic, Therion, Tom Angelripper, Torment, Totenmond, U.D.O., Umbra Et Imago, Undish, Virgin Steele, Waltari, Zed Yago


August 7 - August 8 1998: Am I Blood, Angel Dust, Anvil, Arch Enemy, Atrocity, Benediction, Blind Guardian, Blind Passenger, Blitzkrieg, Bonfire, Borknagar, Children of Bodom, Covenant, Crack Up, Cradle of Filth, Crematory, Darkseed, Dew-Scented, Disbelief, Doro, Dritte Wahl, Edguy, Gamma Ray, Goddess Of Desire, Gorgoroth, Hades Almighty, Haggard, Heavenwood, Hollow, Holy Mother, Hypocrisy, Iced Earth, Iron Savior, In Extremo, J.B.O., Krabathor, Kreator, Lacuna Coil, Manos, Nevermore, Night In Gales, Nocturnal Rites, Old Man's Child, Pegazus, Postmortem, Primal Fear, Raise Hell, Rough Silk, Ryker's, Sacred Steel, Sadist, Savatage, Sentenced, Skyclad, Soulburn, Sons Of Damnation, Stahlhammer, Stigmata IV, Stratovarius, Sundown, Sweet Noise, Sweet Savage, Tom Angelripper, Tankard, Temple Of The Absurd, Devin Townsend, Unrest, Vader, Virgin Steele, Voivod, Warrior


August 6 - August 7 1999: Amon Amarth, Angra, Agent Steel, Atrocity, Axel Rudi Pell, Axxis, Blind Passenger, Bewitched, Brainstorm, Cannibal Corpse, Crematory, The Cult, Death SS, Destiny's End, Dimmu Borgir, Destruction, Eisregen, Eläkeläiset, Enslaved, Edguy, Europe, Fates Warning, God Dethroned, Graveworm, HammerFall, Immortal, In Aeternum, In Extremo, Jaguar, Jag Panzer, Killer, Leatherwolf, Labyrinth, Lefay, Marduk, Marshall Law, Mayhem, Memory Garden, Metal Church, Metalium, Mindfeed, Mystic Circle, Napalm Death, Nevermore, Paradox, Paragon, Pariah, Powergod, Pretty Maids, Primal Fear, Rage, Razor, Reverend Jürgen & Igor, Richthofen, Roland Grapow & Band, Saxon, Sinner, Six Feet Under, Solitude Aeturnus, Spock's Beard, Steel Prophet, Subway to Sally, The Crown, Temple of the Absurd, Therion, Threshold, Torment, Totenmond, Tristania, Tygers of Pan Tang, The Gathering, The Sygnet, Tom Angelripper, U.D.O., Uli Jon Roth, Umbra et Imago, Warrant, Wardog, Warhammer, Witchery, Whiplash


August 4 - August 5 2000: Agathodaimon, Ancient, Angel Witch, Annihilator, Artillery, Black Sweden, Black Label Society, Blaze Bayley, Breaker, Chantal Chevalier, Dark At Dawn, Dark Age, Dark Funeral, Dee Snider, Demon, Doro, Deranged, Desperados, Engine, Entombed, Freedom Call, Gamma Ray, Gaskin, Grim Reaper, Hades, Heir Apparent, Hypocrisy, Iced Earth, Immolation, Jacob's Dream, Knorkator, Labyrinth, Late Nite Romeo, Liege Lord, Lizzy Borden, Lock Up, Marduk, Molly Hatchet, Morbid Angel, Mob Rules, Nightmare, Nightwish, October 31, Overkill, Pain, Pink Cream 69, Praying Mantis, Raise Hell, Rhapsody, Rose Tattoo, Royal Hunt, Samson, Savage, Sentenced, Six Feet Under, Skew Siskin, Solstice, Spiritual Beggars, Squealer, Steel Attack, Stratovarius, Testament, Tom Angelripper, Twisted Tower Dire, Umbra Et Imago, Vader, Vanishing Point, Vaxination, Venom, Zakk Wylde


August 3 - August 4 2001: 16 Hell Ventiler, Annihilator, Die Apokalyptischen Reiter, Arch Enemy, Artch, Behemoth, Bionix, Blackshine, Brainstorm, Cage, Carnal Forge, Chinchilla, Circle Of Grief, Crematory, Cryptopsy, Crystal Shark, Culprit, Dark Tranquillity, Death SS, Deceased, Disaster, Dimmu Borgir, Exciter, Exhumed, Exumer, Finntroll, Grave Digger, HammerFall, Helloween, Holy Moses, In Flames, Jag Panzer, Kamelot, Kju, Knight Errant, Krisiun, Lacuna Coil, Lost Horizon, Metalium, Mortician, Motörhead, Mago de Oz, Naglfar, Napalm Death, Nasum, Nevermore, Night in Gales, Nightfall, Nightwish, Nostradameus, Opeth, Overkill, Paragon, Paul Dianno & Killers, Primal Fear, Rage, Rawhead Rexx, Sacraphyx, Saxon, Silent Force, Sins Of Thy Beloved, Smoke Blow, Sodom, Soilwork, Sonata Arctica, Soul Doctor, Stigma IV, Subway to Sally, Tad Morose, Tankard, Therion, Deströyer 666, The Haunted, Impotent Sea Snakes, The Traceelords, Therion mit Chor, Trail of Tears, Vintersorg, Warhammer, W.A.S.P.


August 1 - August 3 2002: Alabama Thunderpussy, Amon Amarth, Angel Dust, Angra, Avalanch, Blaze, Blind Guardian, Blitzkrieg, Borknagar, Bruce Dickinson, Candlemass (Reunion), Cannibal Corpse, Children of Bodom, Criminal, Debris Inc., Destruction, Dimple Minds, Domine, Dornenreich, Doro, Dream Evil, Dying Fetus, Edguy, Eisregen, Evergrey, Exodus, Falconer, Fleshcrawl, Green Carnation, Haggard, Heathen, Heavenly, Hollenthon, Hypocrisy, Immortal, In Extremo, Iron Savior, J.B.O., Justice, Kalmah, Kotipelto, Kreator, Lock Up, Macabre, Metalucifer, Mezarkabul, Mob Rules, Mörk Gryning, My Dying Bride, Necrophobic, Nightmare, Nocturnal Rites, Nuclear Assault (Reunion), Onkel Tom, Pretty Maids, Primordial, Pungent Stench, Raven, Rebellion, Red Aim, Rose Tattoo, Rottweiler Sabbat, Savatage, Shakra, Sinergy, Stormwarrior, Stormwitch, Suidakra, Thunderstone, Torfrock, U.D.O., Unleashed, Vanden Plas, Vicious Rumors, Vision Divine, Vomitory, Warlord, Wizard, Wolf


July 31 - August 2 2003: Ancient Rites, Annihilator, Assassin, Bai Bang, Callenish Circle, Carpathian Forest, Circle II Circle, Dark Age, Dark Angel, Dark Funeral, Darkane, Dew-Scented, Diamond Head, Die Apokalyptischen Reiter, Dismember, Eidolon, Evidence One, Extreme Noise Terror, Freedom Call, Gamma Ray, Graveworm, Heavenshallburn, Human Fortress, In Flames, Kataklysm, Lordi, Lotto King Karl, Malevolent Creation, Masterplan, Metalium, Nile, Obscenity, Onkel Tom, Oratory, Primal Fear, Psychopunch, Rage, Raise Hell, Raunchy, Rotting Christ, Running Wild, Sentenced, Seventh One, Sinister, Sinner, Slayer, Soilwork, Sonata Arctica, Stratovarius, Subway to Sally, Symphorce, Testament, The Almighty Punchdrunk, The Crown, Thyrfing, Twisted Sister, Twisted Tower Dire, V8 Wankers, Vader, Victims Of Madness, Victory, Stormlord


August 5 - August 7 2004: After Forever, Amon Amarth, Anthrax, Arch Enemy, Artefact, Astral Doors, Bal-Sagoth, Brainstorm, Böhse Onkelz, Cannibal Corpse, Cathedral, Children of Bodom, Death Angel, Destruction, Dio, Dionysus, Disbelief, Doro Pesch & Warlock, Dr. Rock, Ektomorf, Eläkeläiset, Engine of Pain, Everfest, Feinstein, Grave Digger, Griffin, Gun Barrel, Gutbucket, Helloween, Hobbs Angel of Death, Hypocrisy, J.B.O., Knorkator, Kotipelto, Mambo Kurt, Mayhem, Methedras, Misery Index, Mnemic, Motörhead, Mystic Prophecy, Nevermore, Nocturno Culto, Onkel Tom, Orphanage, Paragon, Quireboys, Raunchy, Reckless Tide, Satan, Satyricon, Saxon, Schandmaul, Sufferage, Supersoma, The Rods, Thora, Thunderstone, Unleashed, Vanguard, Voodoma, Weinhold, Zodiac Mindwarp


August 4 - August 6 2005: Accept, Apocalyptica, Axel Rudi Pell, Bloodbath, Candlemass, Cataract, Contradiction, Corvus Corax, Count Raven, Dissection, Doomfoxx, DragonForce, Edguy, Eisregen, EmKay, Endhammer, Endstille, Ensiferum, Equilibrium, Finntroll, Goddess of Desire, Gorefest, HammerFall, Hard Time, Hatesphere, Holy Moses, Illdisposed, Kreator, Machine Head, Machine Men, Mambo Kurt, Marduk, Marky Ramone, Mercenary, Metal Church, Metalium, Mob Rules, Morgana Lefay, Mucc, Naglfar, Nightwish, Noise Forest, Obituary, Oomph!, Overkill, Panic Cell, Potentia Animi, Primordial, Reckless Tide, Regicide, [http://www.saeko.biz Saeko] , Samael, Sentenced, Sonata Arctica, Stratovarius, Suffocation, Suidakra, Teräsbetoni, Torfrock, Tristania, Turisas, Unleash the Fury, Vanguard, , Within Temptation, Zyklon


August 3 - August 5 2006: Aborted, Amon Amarth, Arch Enemy, Atheist, Battlelore, Blind Guardian (signing only), Bloodthorn, Born From Pain, Caliban, Carnivore, Celtic Frost, Children of Bodom, D'espairsRay, Danko Jones, Die Apokalyptischen Reiter, Ektomorf, Emperor, End of Green, Fear Factory, Finntroll, Fleshgore, Forever Slave, Gamma Ray, In Extremo, Korpiklaani, Krieger, Krypteria, Lake of Tears, Legion of the Damned, Mambo Kurt, Metal Church, Metal Inquisitor, Ministry, Morbid Angel, Mortal Sin, Motörhead, MSG, Mystic Circle, Nevermore, Nocturnal Rites, Opeth, Orphaned Land, Primal Fear, Rose Tattoo, Scorpions, Six Feet Under, Soilwork, Soulfly, Subway to Sally, Suidakra, Tribe After Tribe, Transilvanian Beat Club, Tourettes, Uli Jon Roth, Victory, Vreid, WE, Whitesnake, Wintersun


August 2 - August 4 2007: 1349, All That Remains, Amorphis, Lacuna Coil, Die Apokalyptischen Reiter, Animal Alpha, Belphegor, Benedictum, The Black Dahlia Murder, Black Majesty, Blind Guardian, Blitzkrieg, Cannibal Corpse, Chthonic, Communic, Destruction, Dimension Zero, Dimmu Borgir, Dir en grey, Disillusion, Drone, Electric Eel Shock, Enslaved, Fair to Midland, Falconer, Fastway, Gutbucket, Grave Digger, Haggard, Hatesphere, Heaven Shall Burn, Immortal, In Flames, Iced Earth, J.B.O., Kampfar, Letzte Instanz, Mambo Kurt, Maroon, Mennen, Moonsorrow, Moonspell, Municipal Waste, Napalm Death, Narziss, Neaera, Norther, Overkill, Pharao, Possessed, Rage & Lingua Mortis Orchestra, Rose Tattoo, Sabbat, Sacred Reich, Sahg, Samael, Saxon, Schandmaul, Scorpions, Secrets of the Moon, Sodom, Sonic Syndicate, The Answer, The Sorrow, Stormwarrior featuring Kai Hansen, Stratovarius, Subway to Sally, Suidakra, Swallow the Sun, Therion, Turbonegro, Turisas, Type O Negative, Týr, Unheilig, The Vision Bleak, Vital Remains, Volbeat.


July 31 - August 2 2008: 3 Inches of Blood, Alestorm, At the Gates, Autumn, Avantasia, Avenged Sevenfold, Axxis, Before the Dawn, Carcass, Children of Bodom, Concept Insomnia, Corvus Corax, Crematory, Cynic, Destructor, Dream of an Opium Eater, Enemy of the Sun, Ensiferum, Evocation, Excrementory Grindfuckers, Exodus, Girlschool, Girugamesh, Grave, Gorerotted, Gorgoroth, Hatebreed, Headhunter, Holy Moses, Iron Maiden, Job For a Cowboy, Kamelot, Killswitch Engage, Kreator, Krypteria, Leaves' Eyes, Lord Belial, Lordi, Massacre, Machine Men, Mercenary, Mustasch, Nashville Pussy, Negură Bunget, Nifelheim, Nightwish, Obituary, Opeth, Powerwolf, Primordial, Psychopunch, Sabaton, Saltatio Mortis, Soilwork, Sonata Arctica, Stam1na, Stone Gods, Sturm und Drang, The Bones, The Fading, The Haunted, The Rotted, Torture Squad, Unearth, van Canto, Warbringer, Watain.


July 30 - August 1 2009: Cathedral, Einherjer, Machine Head,
In Extremo,
Amon Amarth

ee also

* Full Metal Village, a 2007 documentary by Sung Hyung Cho about the village of Wacken and the influence of the festival on it.

* , and Global Metal, documentaries by anthropologist Sam Dunn which feature the festival.


External links

* [http://www.wacken.com Official website]
* [http://djpdjp.nl/news.php?extend.379 Festival pictures and review of the festival]
* [http://www.festivalpix.de/index-47.html Pictures from the Wacken Open Air since 2001]
* [http://www.warnfestivals.co.uk/wacken/ Warnfestivals English Guide to the Wacken Festival]
* [http://www.orrie.org/wacken Search for bands who've been/are going to the Wacken Festival]

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