British Empire Economic Conference


British Empire Economic Conference
Postage stamp, Canada, 1932: commemorative overprint for Ottawa Conference.

The British Empire Economic Conference (also known as the Imperial Economic Conference or Ottawa Conference) was a 1932 conference of British colonies and the autonomous dominions held to discuss the Great Depression. It was held between 21 July and 20 August in Ottawa.

The conference saw the group admit the failure of the gold standard and abandon attempts to return to it. The meeting also worked to establish a zone of limited tariffs within the British Empire, but with high tariffs with the rest of the world. This was called "Imperial preference" or "Empire Free-Trade". This abandonment of open free trade led to a split in the British government.

The conference was especially notable for its adoption of Keynesian ideas such as lowering interest rates, increasing the money supply, and expanding government spending.

See also

Source

  • British Empire Economic Conference (Time magazine)
  • Barry Eichengreena and Douglas A. Irwin, Trade blocs, currency blocs and the reorientation of world trade in the 1930s, Journal of International Economics , Volume 38, Issues 1-2, February 1995, Pages 1-24
  • Robert A. MacKay, Imperial Economics at Ottawa, Pacific Affairs, Vol. 5, No. 10 (Oct., 1932), pp. 873-885
  • Maxwell Slutz Stewart, The Ottawa conference, Foreign policy association, incorporated, 1932

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