- Brougham Castle
Brougham Castle is about 2 miles to the south-east of Penrith,
This castle was built in the early
13th centuryby Robert de Vieuxpont (Vipont), near the site of a Roman fort guarding the crossing of the River Eamont. By 1268 the castle had passed to the Clifford family. Robert Clifford was an important figure in the Scottish wars which started in 1296, and he carried out much work at Brougham to stregthen the defences, as did his successors.
However the building was in poor condition by the time of the Civil War. In
1643 Lady Anne Cliffordinherited the estate and she restored Brougham Castle as a residence. She died there in 1676and it became the property of the Earl of Thanet. He did not want all the castles he inherited and chose to concentrate on his castle at Appleby. Brougham Castle then quickly fell into ruin.
The castle is the subject of a notable
mezzotint("pictured"), engraved by William Say after J. M. W. Turnerin 1825. [ [http://www.racollection.org.uk/ixbin/hixclient.exe?submit-button=SUMMARY&$06/798%20index%20mus_obj_parts=.&_IXMAXHITS_=1&_IXSPFX_=full/t Brougham Castle near the junction of the Rivers Eamont and Lowther] at racollection.org.uk, accessed 13 July 2008]
* [http://www.britainexpress.com/counties/cumbria/castles/Brougham-Castle.htm Brougham Castle 1]
* [http://www.castlexplorer.co.uk/england/brougham/brougham.php Brougham Castle 2]
*Fry, Plantagenet Somerset, "The David & Charles Book of Castles", David & Charles, 1980. ISBN 0-7153-7976-3
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