Pic du Midi de Bigorre

Pic du Midi de Bigorre
Another Pic du Midi is the Pic du Midi d'Ossau.
Pic du Midi de Bigorre
Elevation 2,877 m (9,439 ft)
Location
Pic du Midi de Bigorre is located in Pyrenees
Pic du Midi de Bigorre
Hautes-Pyrénées,  France
Range Pyrenees
Coordinates 42°56′11″N 0°08′34″E / 42.93639°N 0.14278°E / 42.93639; 0.14278Coordinates: 42°56′11″N 0°08′34″E / 42.93639°N 0.14278°E / 42.93639; 0.14278

The Pic du Midi de Bigorre or simply Pic du Midi (altitude 2,877 m (9,439 ft)) is a mountain in the French Pyrenees famous for its astronomical observatory, the Observatoire du Pic du Midi de Bigorre (Pic du Midi Observatory), part of the Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées (Midi-Pyrénées Observatory).

The observatory
The aerial tramway to The observatory

Pic du Midi Observatory

observatory

Construction of the observatory began in 1878 under the auspices of the Société Ramond,[1][2] but by 1882 the society decided that the spiralling costs were beyond its relatively modest means, and yielded the observatory to the French state, which took it into its possession by a law of 7 August 1882. The 8 meter dome was completed in 1908, and housed a mechanical equatorial reflector. In 1946 Mr. Gentilli funded a dome and 60 cm, and in 1958 a spectrograph was installed.

A 106-centimetre (42-inch) telescope was installed in 1963 funded by NASA, and was used to take detailed photographs of the surface of the Moon in preparation for the Apollo missions. In 1965 the astronomers Pierre and Janine Connes were able to formulate a detailed analysis of the composition of the atmospheres on Mars and Venus, based on the infrared spectra gathered from these planets. The results showed atmospheres in chemical equilibrium. This served as a basis for James Lovelock, a scientist working for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, to predict that those planets had no life - a fact that would be proven and scientifically accepted years after.[3]

A 2 meter telescope, known as the Bernard Lyot Telescope was placed at the observatory in 1980 on top of a 28 meter column built off to the side to avoid wind turbulence affecting the seeing of the other telescopes. It is the largest telescope in France. The observatory also has a coronograph, which is used to study the solar corona. A 60-centimetre telescope (the Gentilly's T60 telescope) is also located at the top of Pic du Midi. Since 1982 this T60 is dedicated to amateur astronomy and managed by a group of amateurs, called association T60.

[4]

There are currently at the top:

  • The 55 cm telescope (Robley Dome);
  • The 60 cm telescope (T60 Dome, welcoming amateur astronomers via the Association T60);
  • The 106 cm telescope (Gentilli Dome) dedicated to observations of the solar system;
  • The 2 meter telescope or Bernard Lyot Telescope (used with a new generation stellar spectropolarimeter);
  • The coronograph HACO-CLIMSO (studies of the solar corona);
  • The bezel Jean Rösch (studies of the solar surface)

Also:

  • The Charvin dome, which sheltered a photoelectric coronometer (which studied the Sun);
  • The Baillaud dome, reassigned to the museum in 2000 and which houses a 1:1 scale model coronograph.

The observatory is located at 42°56′N 0°8′E / 42.933°N 0.133°E / 42.933; 0.133, placing it very close to the Greenwich meridian. The observatory was featured in the video game Rainbow Six: Vegas 2 under a different name. The observatory in-game is said to be located on the fictional Pic des Pyrenees.

Saturn's moon Helene (Saturn VII or Dione B), was discovered by Pierre Laques and Jean Lecacheux in 1980 from ground-based observations at Pic du Midi Observatory,[5] and named Helene in 1988. It is also a trojan moon of Dione.

Panoramic view toward south from the observatory

References

  1. ^ History of the observatory on the Pic du Midi de Bigorre, ramond-societe.com, accessed 22 December 2009
  2. ^ Davoust, Emmanuel. "A hundred years of science at the Pic du Midi Observatory". arXiv:astro-ph/9707201. 
  3. ^ Lovelock, James. The Vanishing Face of Gaia. Basic Books, 2009, p. 162. ISBN 978-0-465-01549-8
  4. ^ Lovelock, James. The Vanishing Face of Gaia. Basic Books, 2009, p. 162. ISBN 978-0-465-01549-8
  5. ^ IAUC 3496: Satellites of Saturn 1980 July 31 (discovery)

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Pic du Midi de Bigorre — Pic du Midi de Bigorre, Blick von Monné Höhe 2.877&# …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pic du midi de bigorre —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Pic du Midi d Ossau. Pic du Midi de Bigorre Vue de la face nord depuis le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pic du Midi de Bigorre — Altitud: 2.877 m Coordenadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pic du Midi de Bigorre —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Pic du Midi d Ossau. Pic du Midi de Bigorre Vue de la face nord depuis le Pic du Monné …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pic du Midi — de Bigorre Pic du Midi de Bigorre, Blick von Monné Höhe 2.877  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pic du midi d'ossau —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Pic du Midi de Bigorre. Pic du Midi d Ossau Le pic en été …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pic du midi — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pic du Midi : sommet français des Hautes Pyrénées (« Pic du Midi de Bigorre ») Pic du Midi : sommet français des Pyrénées Atlantiques… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pic du Midi — may refer to: *Pic du Midi de Bigorre A mountain in the Frence Pyrenees famous for its astronomical observatory. *Pic du Midi d Ossau Another mountain in the Frence Pyrenees …   Wikipedia

  • Pic du Midi d'Ossau —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Pic du Midi de Bigorre. Pic du Midi d Ossau Le pic en été Géographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pic du Midi — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommet Pic du Midi : sommet français des Hautes Pyrénées (« Pic du Midi de Bigorre ») Pic du Midi : sommet français des Pyrénées… …   Wikipédia en Français


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