Niederhünigen Country Switzerland Canton Bern District Bern-Mittelland Coordinates: Population 646 (Dec 2010) - Density 120 /km2 (310 /sq mi) Area 5.41 km2 (2.09 sq mi) Elevation 685 m (2,247 ft) Postal code 3504 SFOS number 0617 Surrounded by Freimettigen, Konolfingen, Linden, Mirchel, Oberhünigen Website www.niederhuenigen.ch
Niederhünigen is first mentioned in 1148 as Huningen inferior.
Niederhünigen has an area, as of 2009[update], of 5.41 square kilometers (2.09 sq mi). Of this area, 2.77 km2 (1.07 sq mi) or 51.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.28 km2 (0.88 sq mi) or 42.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.33 km2 (0.13 sq mi) or 6.1% is settled (buildings or roads).
Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 4.1% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.8%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 28.3% is used for growing crops and 20.7% is pastures, while 2.2% is used for orchards or vine crops.
The municipality is located on the Kurzenberg and includes the village of Niederhünigen, the scattered settlement of Holz and part of the Kiesental (Kiesen Valley).
Niederhünigen has a population (as of 31 December 2010) of 646. As of 2007[update], 4.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (95.9%), with Albanian being second most common ( 2.1%) and French being third ( 0.5%).
In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 38.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (17.3%), the Green Party (11.5%) and the local small left-wing parties (10.3%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 30.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 58.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 10.9%. In Niederhünigen about 81.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
Niederhünigen has an unemployment rate of 1.14%. As of 2005[update], there were 53 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. 34 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 18 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table:
year population 1764 315 1850 635 1900 484 1950 570 2000 614
- ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 29 September
- ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- ^ a b Niederhünigen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
- ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Jul-2009
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