Niederhünigen


Niederhünigen
Niederhünigen
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Niederhünigen
Canton Bern
District Bern-Mittelland
46°53′N 7°38′E / 46.883°N 7.633°E / 46.883; 7.633Coordinates: 46°53′N 7°38′E / 46.883°N 7.633°E / 46.883; 7.633
Population 646 (Dec 2010)[1]
- Density 120 /km2 (310 /sq mi)
Area  5.41 km2 (2.09 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 685 m (2,247 ft)
Postal code 3504
SFOS number 0617
Surrounded by Freimettigen, Konolfingen, Linden, Mirchel, Oberhünigen
Website www.niederhuenigen.ch
SFSO statistics
Niederhünigen is located in Switzerland
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Niederhünigen

Niederhünigen is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

Contents

History

Niederhünigen is first mentioned in 1148 as Huningen inferior.[3]

Geography

Niederhünigen has an area, as of 2009, of 5.41 square kilometers (2.09 sq mi). Of this area, 2.77 km2 (1.07 sq mi) or 51.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.28 km2 (0.88 sq mi) or 42.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.33 km2 (0.13 sq mi) or 6.1% is settled (buildings or roads).[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 4.1% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.8%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 28.3% is used for growing crops and 20.7% is pastures, while 2.2% is used for orchards or vine crops.[4]

The municipality is located on the Kurzenberg and includes the village of Niederhünigen, the scattered settlement of Holz and part of the Kiesental (Kiesen Valley).

Demographics

Niederhünigen has a population (as of 31 December 2010) of 646.[1] As of 2007, 4.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.9%), with Albanian being second most common ( 2.1%) and French being third ( 0.5%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 38.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (17.3%), the Green Party (11.5%) and the local small left-wing parties (10.3%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 30.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 58.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 10.9%. In Niederhünigen about 81.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Niederhünigen has an unemployment rate of 1.14%. As of 2005, there were 53 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. 34 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 18 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[5] The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1764 315
1850 635
1900 484
1950 570
2000 614

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Datenwürfel für Thema 01.2 - Bevölkerungsstand und -bewegung (German) accessed 29 September
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Niederhünigen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Jul-2009

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