- Christian Social Union of Bavaria
Christian Social Union of Bavaria
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern
Leader Horst Seehofer Founded 1945 Headquarters Franz-Josef-Strauß-Haus
Nymphenburger Str. 64
Ideology Bavarian regionalism
Political position Centre-right International affiliation International Democrat Union European affiliation European People's Party European Parliament Group European People's Party Official colours Blue (campaign colour) Bundestag Regional parliaments European Parliament Website http://www.csu.de/ Politics of Germany
The Christian Social Union in Bavaria ( CSU – Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern (help·info)) is a Christian democratic and conservative political party in Germany. It operates only in the state of Bavaria, while its sister party, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), operates in the other 15 states of Germany. It has 45 seats in the Bundestag, making it the smallest of the six parties represented.
It was founded as a continuation of the Weimar-era Catholic Bavarian People's Party. At the federal level, it forms a common 'CDU/CSU' faction in the Bundestag with the CDU, which is frequently referred to as the Union faction (die Unionsfraktion). The CSU currently governs at the federal level with the CDU and FDP. In the state of Bavaria, the CSU governs in a coalition with the FDP.
The CSU is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and its MEPs sit in the EPP Group. At the moment they have three ministers in Berlin, while party leader Horst Seehofer serves as Minister-President of Bavaria: a position that CSU representatives have held since 1957.
Franz Josef Strauss (1915–1988) had left behind the strongest legacy as a leader of the party, having led the party from 1961 until his death in 1988. His political career in the federal cabinet was unique in that he had served four ministerial posts in the years between 1953 and 1969. From 1978 until his death in 1988 he served as the minister-president of Bavaria. He was the first leader of the CSU to be a candidate for the German chancellery, in 1980. In the 1980 elections he ran against the incumbent Helmut Schmidt of the SPD, but lost thereafter, as the SPD and the FDP managed to secure an absolute majority in a social-liberal coalition.
The CSU has led the Bavarian state government since it came into existence in 1946, save from 1950 to 1953 when the Bavaria Party formed a state government in coalition with the German Branches of the SPD and the FDP. The CSU currently governs with the FDP. Before the 2008 elections in Bavaria, the CSU perennially achieved absolute majorities at the state level. This level of dominance is unique among Germany's 16 states. Edmund Stoiber took over the CSU leadership in 1999. He ran for Federal Chancellor in 2002, but his preferred CDU/CSU and FDP coalition lost against the SPD candidate Gerhard Schröders Red-Green coalition. In 2003, the CSU was re-elected as the Bavarian government with a majority (60.7% and 124 of 180 seats in the state parliament). On 18 January 2007, Stoiber announced his decision to step down from the posts of minister-president and CSU chairman by 30 September of that year.
On 28 September 2008, the CSU failed to gain an absolute majority, attaining 43%, of the vote in the Bavaria state election for the first time since 1966 on a percentage basis and was forced into a coalition with the FDP. Even after the 2009 general election, the CDU/CSU emerged as the largest party in Germany, yet both lost votes predominantly to the FDP. The CSU received only 42.5% of the vote in Bavaria in the 2009 election, which constitutes its weakest showing in the party's history. They have three ministers in Berlin: Hans-Peter Friedrich (Federal Ministry of the Interior), Peter Ramsauer (Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs) and Ilse Aigner (Minister of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection).
Relationship with the CDU
The CSU is the sister party of the Christian Democratic Union. Together, they are called 'The Union'. The CSU operates only within Bavaria, and the CDU operates in all other states, but not Bavaria. While virtually independent, at the federal level, the parties form a common CDU/CSU fraction. No Chancellor has ever come from the CSU, although Franz Josef Strauss was the CDU/CSU candidate for Chancellor in 1980 election, which was won by the SPD. Below the federal level, the parties are entirely independent.
Since its formation, the CSU has been more conservative than the CDU.
Chairman From To 1st Josef Müller 17 December 1945 28 May 1949 2nd Hans Ehard 28 May 1949 22 January 1955 3rd Hanns Seidel 22 January 1955 16 February 1961 4th Franz Josef Strauss 18 March 1961 3 October 1988 5th Theodor Waigel 16 November 1988 16 January 1999 6th Edmund Stoiber 16 January 1999 29 September 2007 7th Erwin Huber 29 September 2007 25 October 2008 8th Horst Seehofer 25 October 2008 Present day
Minister-President From To Fritz Schäffer 28 May 1945 28 September 1945 Hans Ehard (1st time) 21 December 1946 14 December 1954 Hanns Seidel 16 October 1957 22 January 1960 Hans Ehard (2nd time) 26 January 1960 11 December 1962 Alfons Goppel 11 December 1962 6 November 1978 Franz Josef Strauss 6 November 1978 3 October 1988 Max Streibl 19 October 1988 27 May 1993 Edmund Stoiber 28 May 1993 30 September 2007 Günther Beckstein 9 October 2007 27 October 2008 Horst Seehofer 27 October 2008 Present day
See: List of Bavarian Christian Social Union politicians
- Christian Democratic Union of Germany
- Politics of Germany
European People's Party Member partiesAustria (Austrian People's Party) • Belgium (Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, Centre démocrate humaniste) • Bulgaria (Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria, Union of Democratic Forces, Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria, Democratic Party, Agrarian People's Union} • Cyprus (Democratic Rally) • Czech Republic (Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party) • Denmark (Conservative People's Party, Christian Democrat) • Estonia (Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica) • Finland (National Coalition Party) • France (Union for a Popular Movement) • Germany (Christian Democratic Union, Christian Social Union of Bavaria) • Greece (New Democrac) • Hungary (Fidesz, Christian Democratic People's Party) • Ireland (Fine Gael) • Italy (The People of Freedom, Union of the Centre, Populars for the South) • Latvia (People's Party, New Era Party, Civic Union, Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats) • Luxembourg (Christian Social People's Party) • Malta (Nationalist Party) • Netherlands (Christian Democratic Appeal) • Poland Civic Platform, Polish People's Party) • Portugal (Social Democratic Party, Democratic and Social Centre – People's Party) • Romania (Democratic Liberal Party, Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party) • Slovakia (Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party, Christian Democratic Movement, Party of the Hungarian Coalition, Slovenian Democratic Party, New Slovenia, Slovenian People's Party) • Spain (People's Party, Democratic Union of Catalonia) • Sweden (Moderate Party, Christian Democrats) Associate parties Observer parties (EU) Observer parties (non-EU)Albania (Democratic Party of Albania) • Belarus (Partyja BPF, United Civil Party of Belarus) • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Party of Democratic Action, Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Party of Democratic Progress) • Croatia (Democratic Centre) • Georgia (United National Movement) • Moldova (Christian-Democratic People's Party) • Norway (Christian Democratic Party) • San Marino (Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party) • Serbia (Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians) • Turkey (Justice and Development Party) • Ukraine (All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland", Our Ukraine, People's Movement of Ukraine) Portal:Politics - European political parties - List of political parties International Democrat Union Member partiesDemocratic Party · Liberal Party · Austrian People's Party · National Independence Party · Union of Democratic Forces · Conservative Party · Independent Democrat Union · National Renewal · Kuomintang · Conservative Party · Democratic Union · Democratic Rally · Civic Democratic Party · Conservative People's Party · National Progressive Force · Social Christian Party · Nationalist Republican Alliance · Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica · National Coalition Party · Union for a Popular Movement · United National Movement · Christian Democratic Union · Christian Social Union of Bavaria · New Patriotic Party · New Democracy · Unionist Party · National Party · Fidesz · Independence Party · Jamaica Labour Party · Grand National Party · National Party · Conservative Party · Conservative Party · Christian People's Party · Democratic and Social Centre – People's Party · Democratic Party of Serbia · Slovenian Democratic Party · People's Party · United National Party · Moderate Party · Conservative Party · Republican Party
Notes and references
- ^ a b Budge, Ian; Robertson, David; Hearl, Derek (1987). Ideology, Strategy, and Party Change: Spatial Analyses of Post-war Election Programmes in 19 Democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 296. ISBN 9780521306485. http://books.google.com/books?id=E0TmU7zFgAoC.
- ^ Taggart, Paul; Szczerbiak, Aleks. The Party Politics of Euroscepticism in EU Member and Candidate States. SEI Working Paper. 51. Sussex European Institute. p. 11. http://www.sussex.ac.uk/sei/documents/wp51.pdf.
- ^ The Economist (1983). Political Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 16. ISBN 9780521277938. http://books.google.com/books?id=dIeR88JDzSgC.
- ^ Solsten, Eric (1999). Germany: A Country Study. Quezon: DANE Publishing. p. 375. ISBN 9780521277938. http://books.google.com/books?id=dIeR88JDzSgC.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Christian Social Union — may refer to: Christian Social Union of Bavaria, a political party in Bavaria, Germany Christian Social Union (Church of England), a nineteenth and early twentieth century organization within the Church of England Christian Social Union (Croatia) … Wikipedia
Christian Social Union — ▪ political party, Germany German Christlich Soziale Union conservative German political party that was founded in Bavaria, Germany, in 1946 by various Roman Catholic and Protestant groups and is committed to free enterprise, federalism … Universalium
Christian Social Union (CSU) — Conservative German political party that was founded in Bavaria, West Germany, in 1946 by Roman Catholic and Protestant groups. It was committed to free enterprise, federalism, and a united Europe that would operate under Christian principles.… … Universalium
Christian Democratic Union (Germany) — Christian Democratic Union of Germany Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands Chairman Angela Merkel (Chancellor) Founded … Wikipedia
Christian Social Party — may refer to: Christian Social Party (Austria) Christian Social Party (Belgium) Christian Social Party (Belgium, defunct) Social Christian Party (Brazil) Christian Social Party of Carpathian Ruthenia Christian Social Party (Germany) Christian… … Wikipedia
German Social Union (East Germany) — The German Social Union ( de. Deutsche Soziale Union) is a small conservative opposition group active in the eastern German states since 1990. It presently has 1,100 members and attracts several tens of thousands of voters.IdeologyThe party can… … Wikipedia
Social conservatism — is a political or moral ideology that affirms the government s role in encouraging or enforcing traditional values or behaviors in the belief that these are what keep people civilized and decent. However, the accepted meaning of traditional… … Wikipedia
Christian Baretti — (born July 2, 1973 in Munich) is a German politician, representative of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. See also List of Bavarian Christian Social Union politicians References ^ German National Library … Wikipedia
Christian Bernreiter — (born April 7, 1964 in Straubing) is a German politician, representative of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. Since May 1, 2002 he has been a representative of the distr … Wikipedia
Christian Democrats (Finland) — Christian Democrats Finnish name Kristillisdemokraatit Swedish name Kristdemokraterna … Wikipedia