Sabbas the Sanctified


Sabbas the Sanctified

Infobox Saint
name=Sabbas the Sanctified
birth_date=439
death_date=5 December 531
feast_day=5 December
venerated_in=Eastern Orthodox Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
Roman Catholic Church


imagesize=230px
caption=Medieval icon of Saint Sabbas the Sanctified
birth_place=Caesarea Mazaca, Cappadocia
death_place=Jerusalem, Palestine
titles=Venerable Father
beatified_date=
beatified_place=
beatified_by=
canonized_date=
canonized_place=
canonized_by=
attributes=Clothed as a monk, often holding a paterissa (abbot's staff)
patronage=
major_shrine=Saint Sabbas Monastery, Kidron Valley
suppressed_date=
issues=

Sabbas the Sanctified (439-531/532) was a Cappadocean-Greek monk, priest and saint, lived mainly in Palestine. He was the founder of several monasteries, most notably the one known as Mar Saba.

Sabbas was born at Mutalaska, near Caesarea of Cappadocia, the son of John, a military commander, and Sophia.

Journeying to Alexandria on military matters, his parents left their five-year-old son in the care of an uncle. When the boy reached eight years of age, he entered the nearby monastery of Bishop Flavian of Antioch. The gifted child quickly learned to read and became an expert on the Holy Scriptures. In vain did his parents urge Sabbas to return to the world and enter into marriage.

When he was seventeen years old he received monastic tonsure. After spending ten years at the monastery of Bishop Flavian, he went to Jerusalem, and from there to the monastery of Saint Euthymius the Great. But Euthymius sent Sabbas to Abba Theoctistus, the head of a nearby monastery with a strict cenobitic rule. Sabbas lived in obedience at this monastery until the age of thirty.

After the death of the Elder Theoctistus, his successor blessed Sabbas to seclude himself in a cave. On Saturdays, however, he left his hermitage and came to the monastery, where he participated in divine services and ate with the brethren. After a certain time Sabbas received permission not to leave his hermitage at all, and he lived in isolation in the cave for five years.

Euthymius attentively directed the life of the young monk, and seeing his spiritual maturity, he began to take him to the Rouba wilderness with him. They set out each January 14 and remained there until Palm Sunday. Euthymius called Sabbas a child-elder, and encouraged him to grow in the monastic virtues.

When Euthymius died (c. 473), Sabbas withdrew from the Lavra (a cluster of cells or caves for hermits, with a church and sometimes a refectory at the center) and moved to a cave near the monastery of St. Gerasimus of Jordan. After several years, disciples began to gather around Sabbas, seeking the monastic life. As the number of monks increased, the Great Lavra sprang up. The traditional dating of the founding of this Lavra in the Kedron Valley, south of Jerusalem, is 484. Because some of his monks opposed his rule and demanded a priest as their abbot, the opposition continued and he withdrew to the New Lavra which he had built near Thekoa. In the Lavras the young monks lived a cenobitical life, but the elders a semi-eremitical one, each in his own hut within the precincts of the Lavra, attending only the solemn church services.

A strenuous opponent of the Monophysites and the Origenists, he tried to influence the emperors against them by calling personally on Emperor Anastasios I at Constantinople in 511 and on Justinian I in 531. [web cite|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13286b.htm|title=St. Sabbas|work=Catholic Encyclopedia]

Sabbas founded several more monasteries. Many miracles took place through the prayers of Sabbas: at the Lavra a spring of water welled up, during a time of drought they received abundant rain, and there were also healings of the sick and the possessed.

Patriarch Salustius of Jerusalem ordained him in 491 and appointed archimandrite of all the monasteries in Palestine in 494. Sabbas composed the first monastic Rule of church services, the so-called "Jerusalem Typikon," for guidance of all the Palestinian monasteries. He died in the year 532. His feast day is on December 5.

Sabbas' relics were taken by Crusaders in the 12th century and remained in Italy until Pope Paul VI returned them to the Monastery in 1965 as a gesture of good will towards the Orthodox.

His Great Lavra long continued to be the most influential monastery in those parts, and produced several distinguished monks, among them St John of Damascus. It is now known as the monastery of Mar Saba. The church of San Saba in Rome is dedicated to him.

Sabbas' "Life" was written by his disciple Cyril of Scythopolis. The chief modern authority is A. Ehrhard in Wetzer and Welte's "Kirchenlexikon" (ed. 2) and "Römische Quartalschaft", vii; see also Pierre Helyot, "Histoire des ordres religioux" (1714), i.C.16, and Max Heimbucher, "Orden u. Kongregationen" (1907), i, §10.

References

*1911

External links

* [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/sabbas.htm St. Sabbas the Sanctified] Greek Orthodox Archdioces of Australia
* [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=103477 Venerable Sava the Sanctified] Orthodox icon and synaxarion


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sabbas — is the name of a number of Christian saints:* Sabbas the Sanctified Palestinian Monastic * Sabbas the Goth martyred 12 April, 372, by being drowned in the Musaeus, a tributary of the Danube * Sabbas, also a Goth, martyred with about seventy… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Eastern Orthodox monasteries in the United States — The following is a list of Orthodox monasteries and sketes, both male and female, in America. Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America*St. Paul Skete, Grand Junction, Tennessee. Female skete. Superior: Mother Nektaria. Bulgarian …   Wikipedia

  • Mar Saba — Coordinates: 31°42′18″N 35°19′52″E / 31.705°N 35.331°E / 31.705; 35.331 …   Wikipedia

  • May 16 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) — May 15 Eastern Orthodox Church calendar May 17 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 29 by Old Calendarists Contents 1 Saints 1.1 Other commemorations 2 Notes …   Wikipedia

  • Canonical hours — Benedictine monks singing Vespers on Holy Saturday. Canonical hours are divisions of time which serve as increments between the prescribed prayers of the daily round. A Book of Hours contains such a set of prayers. In western Catholicism,… …   Wikipedia

  • Serbian Orthodox Church — Српска православна црква Srpska pravoslavna crkva Cathe …   Wikipedia

  • Lavra — In Orthodox Christianity and certain other Eastern Christian communities Lavra or Laura ( el. Λαύρα; Cyrillic: Лавра) originally meant a cluster of cells or caves for hermits, with a church and sometimes a refectory at the center. The term… …   Wikipedia

  • Sava (disambiguation) — Sava may refer to:* Sava, a river in central southern Europe * Sava Region, a Region in Madagascar * Sava City, Serbia * Sava Center * Sava (TA), a commune in the province of Taranto, Apulia, Italy * Sava (mythology), a creature in the Polynesian …   Wikipedia

  • December 5 — << December 2011 >> Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 …   Wikipedia

  • History of Palestine — See also: Time periods in the region of Palestine and Timeline of the name Palestine The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, the region between the southern Mediterranean coastal plains and the Syrian… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.