1951 in aviation


1951 in aviation

yearbox
in?=in aviation
cp=19th Century
c=20th century
cf=21st century
yp1=1948
yp2=1949
yp3=1950
year=1951
ya1=1952
ya2=1953
ya3=1954
dp3=1920s
dp2=1930s
dp1=1940s
d=1950s
dn1=1960s
dn2=1970s
dn3=1980s

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1951:

Events

February

* February 21 - an English Electric Canberra becomes the first jet to make an unrefuelled crossing of the Atlantic, taking 4 hours 37 minutes

March

* March 6 - the Martin aircraft company gains production rights to the English Electric Canberra as the B-57
* March 15 - a Qantas flying boat makes a survey flight from Sydney to Valparaíso via Easter Island, the airline's first flight across the South Pacific.

April

* April 12 - 48 USAF B-29 Superfortresses attack the Sinuiju Railway Bridge on the Yalu River.

May

* May 1 - US Navy A-1 Skyraiders and F4U Corsairs from USS "Princeton" attack the Hwachon Dam, flooding the Pukhan River
* May 20 - Cpt James Jabara becomes the first fighter ace to score his five victories "in" a jet (a F-86 Sabre) "over" jets (Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15s)
* May 29 - Cpt C. Blair makes the first solo flight over the North Pole, in a P-51 Mustang

June

* June 1 - BEA commences helicopter services between London and Birmingham

July

* No. 25 Squadron Royal Air Force became the world's first jet night-fighter squadron when it took delivery of the de Havilland Vampire NF10.
* July 6 - aerial refueling is used under combat conditions for the first time, with a KB-29 Superfortress refueling four RF-80 Shooting Stars over North Korea

August

* The Canadian Blue Devils aerobatic team is disbanded.
* August 1 - Japan Air Lines is formed.
* August 7 - Bill Bridgeman sets a new airspeed record in the Douglas Skyrocket of Mach 1.88 (1,245 mph, 1,992 km/h).
* August 15 - Bill Bridgeman sets a new altitude record in the Douglas Skyrocket of 74,494 ft (22,706 m).
* August 15 - BEA commences the world's first turboprop freight services using a modified Douglas DC-3 fitted with two Rolls-Royce Darts.

eptember

* 16 September - A damaged US Navy F2H-2 Banshee attempting to land on USS "Essex" (CV-9) crashes into a group of aircraft parked on the carrier's deck, killing seven sailors.
* September 21 - the US Marine Corps makes the world's first mass combat deployment by helicopter. 228 Marines are landed in 12 Sikorsky HRS

October

* October 3 - HS-1 is commissioned, the US Navy's first ASW helicopter squadron

* October 23 - Ten Boeing B-29 Superfortresss carried out an attack mission on airfield in North Korea. Three were shot down and four made emergency landings in South Korea, and three badly damaged aircraft returned to Okinawa. It was the last daylight mission flown by the B-29.
* October 25 - Japan Airlines flies its first flights, using three Northwest Airlines Martin 2-0-2 aircraft, flown by Northwest crews. [http://www.japanair.com/e/aboutjal/history.php]

December

* December 1 - F/O Bruce Gogerly of 77 Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), flying a Gloster Meteor, shoots down a Soviet-piloted MiG-15, the first of four air-to-air kills for RAAF pilots during the Korean War. [http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_306.shtml]
* December 12 - Alaska Air becomes the first airline to fly over the North Pole
* December 13 - Maj George Davis of the 334th Fighter Interceptor Squadron shoots down four MiG-15s in a single day

First flights

February
* February 23 - Dassault Mystère

March
* March 12 - Fairey Delta FD.1
* March 15 - Sud-Ouest SO.30R

April
* April 26 - Lockheed X-7

May
* May 18 - Vickers Valiant prototype "WB210"

June
* June 20 - Bell X-5, first aircraft with swing wings
* June 21 - Handley Page HP.88

July
* July 16 - Iberavia I-11 "EC-AFE"
* July 20 - Hawker Hunter prototype "WB188"

August
* August 5 - HAL HT-2, India's first indigenously designed basic trainer.
* August 5 - Supermarine Swift "WJ960"
* August 7 - McDonnell F3H Demon "125444"
* August 31 - Supermarine Type 508 "VX133"

September
* September 7 - Auster B.4 "G-AMKL"
* September 26 - de Havilland Sea Vixen "WG326"

November
* November 26 - Gloster Javelin prototype "WD804"

December
* December 10 - Fiat G.80, Italy's first true jet
* December 10 - Kaman K-225, first turbine-powered helicopter
* December 12 - de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter prototype "CF-DYK-X"

Entered service

February
* Avro Shackleton with No. 120 Squadron RAF (Coastal Command)

May
* May 24 - English Electric Canberra with No. 101 Squadron RAF

July
* de Havilland Vampire NF10 with No. 25 Squadron RAF.

August
* Gloster Meteor NF11 with No. 29 Squadron RAF
* August 22 - Supermarine Attacker with 800 Naval Air Squadron, the Fleet Air Arm's first jet

December
* December 17 - Lockheed Super Constellation with Eastern Air Lines.


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