- Piracy Act 1717
The "Piracy Act" 1717 was an Act of the
Parliament of Great Britain(1717 (4 Geo. 1) C A P. XI. long title"An Act for the further preventing Robbery, Burglary, and other Felonies, and for the more effectual Transportation of Felons, and unlawful Exporters of Wool; and for declaring the Law upon some Points relating to Pirates.") that established a seven-year banishmentto North Americaas a possible punishment for those convicted of lesser felonies, or as a possible sentence that capital punishmentmight be commuted to by royal pardon. Transportation of criminals to North America continued from 1718-1776. When the American revolutionmade it unfeasible to carry out transportation, those sentenced to it were punished with imprisonmentor hard labourinstead. From 1787-1868, criminals were transported to the British colonies in Australia.
The reasons for the Act derive from the convergence of a number of factors. Fears over rising crime and disorder after the end of the
War of the Spanish Successionin 1714, a contested Hanoverian accession to the British throne, inappropriate punishments for lesser felonies ( misdemeanours), concern over crowd behaviour at public punishments, and a new determination by parliament to push through the legislation despite colonial opposition resulted in the passing of the Act. Transportation thus became a regularly available sentence for the courts to hand down to those convicted of non-capital offences as well as capital crimes. The death penalty for most kinds of piracy was abolished by the "Piracy Act" 1837, which preserved the death penalty for piracy with intent to kill. The death penalty was abolished altogether in 1998. The "1717 Act" was repealed in 1993.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Piracy Act 1837 — The Piracy Act 1837 (c.88) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It abolished the death penalty for most offences of piracy, but created a new offence often known as piracy with violence, which was punishable with death. This offence … Wikipedia
Piracy — This article is about maritime piracy. For other uses, see Pirate (disambiguation). The traditional Jolly Roger of piracy … Wikipedia
Piracy in Somalia — Map of areas under threat by Somali pirates. Pirates holding the … Wikipedia
Piracy in the Caribbean — The great era of piracy in the Caribbean began in the 1560s and died out in the 1720s as the nation states of Western Europe with colonies in the Americas began to exert more state control over the waterways of the New World. The period during… … Wikipedia
1718 in piracy — See also 1717 in piracy, other events in 1718, 1719 in piracy, and Timeline of piracy. EventsCaribbean Sea*March Edward Teach, alias Blackbeard, captures the sloop Adventure and the ship Protestant Caesar in the Bay of Honduras. *March April… … Wikipedia
1716 in piracy — See also: 1715 in piracy, other events of 1716, 1717 in piracy and the list of years of Piracy . EventsCaribbean* Summer Black Sam Bellamy is named captain of the Mary Anne , replacing Benjamin Hornigold. * September John Martel s pirates rob the … Wikipedia
Charles Bellamy — (fl. c. 1717 1720) was an 18th century English pirate who raided colonial American shipping in New England and later off the coast of the Carolinas, to which he himself would later quote making war on the whole world . Operating in the same area… … Wikipedia
Treasure Island — For other uses, see Treasure Island (disambiguation). Treasure Island … Wikipedia
Corsair — For other uses, see Corsair (disambiguation). Cossacks of Azov boarding the Turkish corsairs. Corsairs (French: corsaire) were privateers, authorized to conduct raids on shipping of a nation at war with France … Wikipedia
Chepo expedition — v · Golden … Wikipedia