- Ndwandwe–Zulu War
Zulu Civil War Date 1817–1819 Place Zululand, South Africa Result Zulu victory, Difaqane Combatants Zulu Kingdom Ndwandwe Commanders Shaka Zulu Zwide Strength 4,000 25,000 Casualties ? ?
The Zulus were originally a small tribe that had migrated to the eastern plateau of present-day South Africa; they became a strong tribal nation largely due to the efforts of an ambitious chieftain named Shaka (reigned c. 1787–1828). A rebellious young man, Shaka was estranged from his father, who was a Zulu chief named Senzangakhona, and became a warrior with the Mthethwa people. The Mthethwa paramount chieftain Dingiswayo helped Shaka become recognized as head of the Zulus after Senzangakhona died in 1816. The two chieftains were close friends, and their warriors fought together against common enemies, such as the Ndwandwe headed by King Zwide. After Dingiswayo was murdered by Zwide, the Mthethwa people placed themselves under Shaka and took the Zulu name. Shaka revolutionized traditional ways of fighting by introducing the assegai, a short stabbing spear, as a weapon and by organizing warriors into disciplined units that fought in close formation behind large cowhide shields. In the Battle of Gqokli Hill in 1817, his troops and tactics prevailed over the superior numbers of the Ndwandwe people, who failed to destroy the Zulus in their first encounter.
The Ndwandwe and the Zulus met again in combat at the Battle of Mhlatuze River in 1819. By this time the Ndwandwe had adopted Zulu battle tactics and weapons so Shaka wore the invaders down with guerrilla tactics before launching his major attack when the Ndwandwe army was divided during the crossing of the Mhlatuze River. Zulu warriors arrived at Zwide's headquarters near present-day Nongoma before news of the defeat, and approached the camp singing Ndwandwe victory songs to gain entry. Zwide was killed, and most of the Ndwandwe abandoned their lands and migrated north establishing Zulu-like (named Ngoni after the ethno-linguistic name "Nguni") kingdoms in Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. This was the final phase of the Mfecane, a catastrophic, bloody civil war and eventual migration of many different tribes in the area, initially (ca. 1802) caused by famine but ultimately as a result of escaping from the Zulus. The Ngoni groups caused their own havoc by using Zulu tactics in war. They established stronger political units in other countries and thus posed a threat to European colonisation, for example during the Maji-Maji Rebellion in German East Africa (1905-7). Shaka was the ultimate victor, and his people still live today throughout Zululand, with customs and a way of life that can be easily traced to Shaka's day.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Zulu (Volk) — Zulu Krieger Die Zulu (auch amaZulu) sind eine afrikanische Volksgruppe der Bantu mit heute ca. elf Millionen Menschen und die größte ethnische Gruppe Südafrikas. Sie leben hauptsächlich in der südafrikanischen Provinz KwaZulu Natal. Die Sprache… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ndwandwe — The Ndwandwe clan are a subgroup of the Nguni people who populate sections of Southern Africa. The Ndwandwe, with the Mthethwa, were a significant power in present day Zululand at the turn of the nineteenth century. Under the leadership of King… … Wikipedia
Military history of South Africa during World War II — Military history of South Africa This article is part of a series Conflicts Khoikhoi Dutch Wars Anglo Dutch rivalry Xhosa Wars Zulu Ndwandwe civil war Battles between Voortrekkers and Zulus … Wikipedia
Shaka Zulu — Shaka (* um 1787 in der Nähe des heutigen Ortes Melmoth im späteren Natal; † 22. September 1828 in KwaDukuza, beides im heutigen Südafrika; auch Shaka Zulu, Shaka ka Senzangakhona, d. h. Sohn des Senzangakhona) war ein König der Zulu. Unter seine … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chaka Zulu: Der afrikanische Napoleon — Chaka Zulu, der Gründer der Zulu, mit fast 7 Millionen Menschen eines der größten Völker im heutigen Südafrika, war ein Furcht einflößender und faszinierender Mann. Tausende von Menschen konnte er an sich binden, aus kleinen zersplitterten… … Universal-Lexikon
Military history of South Africa — This article is part of a series Conflicts Khoikhoi Dutch Wars Anglo Dutch rivalry Xhosa Wars Zulu Ndwandwe civil war Battles between Voortrekkers … Wikipedia
Military history of Africa — Tapestry of the Battle of Adwa between Ethiopia and Italy. The military history of Africa is one of the oldest and most eclectic military histories. Africa is a continent of many regions with diverse populations speaking hundreds of different… … Wikipedia
List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll — See also: List of wars, List of battles and other violent events by death toll, and List of natural disasters by death toll This is a list of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll. It covers the lowest estimate of death as well as… … Wikipedia
Shaka — For other uses, see Shaka (disambiguation). Shaka kaSenzangakhona The only known drawing of Shaka standing with the long throwing assegai and the heavy shield in 1824, four years before his death Born c. 1787 KwaZulu Natal … Wikipedia
Zululand — Zululand, the Zulu dominated area of northern KwaZulu Natal Province in South Africa, extends along the coast of the Indian Ocean from the Tugela River in the south to Pongola River in the north. Historical Zululand stretches over the modern day… … Wikipedia