Oakland (Pittsburgh)


Oakland (Pittsburgh)
The University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning dominates Oakland's skyline

Oakland is the academic, cultural, and healthcare center of Pittsburgh and is Pennsylvania's third largest "Downtown". [1] Only Center City Philadelphia and Downtown Pittsburgh can claim more economic and social activity than Oakland. The neighborhood is urban and diverse and is home to several universities, museums, and hospitals, as well as an abundance of shopping, restaurants, and students. Oakland is home to the Schenley Farms National Historic District[2] which encompasses two city designated historic districts: the mostly residential Schenley Farms Historic District [3] and the predominantly institutional Oakland Civic Center Historic District.[4] The Pittsburgh Fire Bureau has Fire Station No. 14 on McKee Place and Fire Station No. 10 on Allequippa Street in Oakland.

Contents

Neighborhoods

Oakland is officially divided into four neighborhoods: North Oakland, West Oakland, Central Oakland, and South Oakland. Each section has a unique identity, and offers its own flavor of venues and housing. Oakland is Pittsburgh's second most populous neighborhood with 22,210 residents, the majority being college students.

North Oakland
Oakland.jpg
Looking east over the University of Pittsburgh and Schenley Farms Historic District
Pgh locator north oakland.svg
Neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 9857[1]
Area: 0.499 sq mi (1.29 km2)[1]
Central Oakland
Pgh locator central oakland.svg
Neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 5281[1]
Area: 0.281 sq mi (0.73 km2)[1]
  • Central Oakland is bordered by Schenley Park, the Boulevard of the Allies, Fifth Avenue, and Halket Street. This is where the majority of non-dormitory students reside, though as noted below, those between Forbes Avenue and the Boulevard of the Allies almost universally believe that they live in South Oakland. 74.1% of the population of Central Oakland is between the ages of 18 and 24.[2] It is home to many of their favorite eateries, fraternity houses and club houses. It is also the location of the relatively isolated neighborhood of Panther Hollow which runs along Boundary Street in Junction Hollow. Although it is formally designated as a separate section, Central Oakland is commonly grouped together with South Oakland, and the "central" name is rarely used by residents.
South Oakland
Pgh locator south oakland.svg
Neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 3007[1]
Area: 0.508 sq mi (1.32 km2)[1]
  • South Oakland runs along the Monongahela River and forms a triangular shape between the Monongahela River, the Boulevard of the Allies, and the western bank of Junction Hollow. Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC is a major landmark of this neighborhood. The neighborhood is split between a riverfront flood plain to the southwest and a plateau to the northeast. The plateau is divided into two primarily residential areas which are separated from one another by Bates Street, which runs up a valley from the flood plain to the plateau. The flood plain was previously packed with industrial sites such as the Pittsburgh Works Consolidated Gas Co. and the Jones & Laughlin Steel Co.,[3] but presently, it hosts facilities such as the Entertainment Technology Center of Carnegie Mellon University.
It is important to note that residents of Central Oakland often misidentify that neighborhood as being part of South Oakland. In other words, the border between Central Oakland and South Oakland is much further south than is commonly believed by residents. The area between Forbes Avenue and Boulevard of the Allies, almost universally referred to as South Oakland by its residents, is officially part of Central Oakland. (For example, an entry for "South Oakland" in the Urban Dictionary lists its boundaries as Forbes Avenue, the Boulevard of the Allies, and Schenley Park—an area which actually lies entirely within Central Oakland and which includes none of South Oakland.[4]) South Oakland is referred to by some as being an example of a student ghetto, but in fact, only 36.9% of its population is between the ages of 18 and 24, compared to Central Oakland's figure of 74.1%.[2] This discrepancy is largely due to the fact mentioned above that the area between Forbes Avenue and the Boulevard of the Allies—which primarily houses undergraduate students—is commonly misidentified as being in South Oakland, when in fact it constitutes the heart of Central Oakland.
South Oakland was the childhood home of Andy Warhol, and later the residence of fellow pop artist Keith Haring. Haring had his first art show while living in Oakland. NFL Hall of Fame Quarterback Dan Marino was also born in Oakland, not far from Warhol's home. Warhol and Marino actually grew up on the same block and their former houses are merely a few doors down from each other.
West Oakland
UPMCcampus.jpg
The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) has numerous hospitals adding to Oakland's skyline
Pgh locator west oakland.svg
Neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Population (2000): 2272[1]
Area: 0.215 sq mi (0.56 km2)[1]

It should be noted that although the campus of Carnegie Mellon University and parts of Schenley Park, including Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens and Flagstaff Hill, are often popularly referred to as being located in Oakland, they are technically located in the adjacent neighborhood of Squirrel Hill North.

Oakland facts

  • The neighborhood is the location of the massive Carnegie culture complex, originally funded by Andrew Carnegie, which includes the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Carnegie Museum of Art, Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, and Carnegie Music Hall.
  • WQED, Pittsburgh's PBS station and the first community-sponsored television station in the United States, has been located in Oakland since 1954, although it moved from its original building to a new, larger one in 1970. WQED's first building, which had originally been the manse of a neighboring church, is now the Music Building of the University of Pittsburgh's main campus. Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood, the nationally syndicated children's show, was taped at WQED's studios in Oakland.
  • KDKA-TV, the regions first television station, went on the air at the Syria Mosque in January, 1949. The event was not only memorable locally but was also a world first as the station was the first to "network" East-coast and Midwest feeds into a modern "television network".

Former Oakland train station

The former Oakland train station in the 3800 block of Forbes Street, Oakland, was later used as a camera store.[5]

Oakland attractions

Museums and galleries

Music and theater

National Registry of Historic Places

Churches

Education and hospitals

Libraries

Parks and gardens

Sculpture and memorials

Gallery

The skyline of West, Central, and North Oakland as viewed from Flagstaff Hill

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Census: Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh Department of City Planning. January 2006. http://www.city.pittsburgh.pa.us/cp/assets/census/2000_census_pgh_jan06.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  2. ^ a b CITY OF PITTSBURGH NEIGHBORHOOD PROFILES AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY FIVE‐YEAR ESTIMATES 2005‐2009 DATA. PROGRAM IN URBAN AND REGIONAL ANALYSIS, UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR SOCIAL AND URBAN RESEARCH, UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH. June 2011. http://www.ucsur.pitt.edu/files/frp/City%20of%20Pittsburgh%20Neighborhood%20Profiles%20-%20ACS%202005-2009.pdf. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "Real estate plat-book of the city of Pittsburgh : from official records, private plans and actual surveys, Volume 1. Plate 15.". G. M. Hopkins & Co.. 1904. http://images.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/i/image/image-idx?view=entry;cc=maps;entryid=x-04v01p15. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  4. ^ KJ the Gonzoid (2007). "South Oakland". Urban Dictionary. http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=South%20Oakland&defid=2181036. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Former Oakland Station Rates Cup". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. April 17, 1954. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=9pVRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=nWoDAAAAIBAJ&pg=2739,695052&dq=frank-sklar&hl=en. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Although adjacent to Oakland, these attractions are technically just within the official border of Squirrel Hill North although they are almost always popularly considered to be located in Oakland.
  • Toker, Franklin (1986, 1994). Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. 

External links

See also


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  • Oakland Square Historic District — City of Pittsburgh Historic District Oakland Square …   Wikipedia

  • Pittsburgh Steelers — Establecido en 1933 Juegan en Pittsburgh, Pensilvania Afiliaciones de Liga/Conferencia National Football League (1933–actualmente) División Este (1933–1943; 1945–1949) División Oeste (1944) Americano Conferencia (1950–1952) Este… …   Wikipedia Español

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