Apparatchik


Apparatchik

Apparatchik (Russian: аппара́тчик, IPA-ru|ɐpɐˈratɕɪk plural "apparatchiki") is a Russian colloquial term for a full-time, professional functionary of the Communist Party or government; i.e., an agent of the governmental or party "apparat" (apparatus) that held any position of bureaucratic or political responsibility, with the exception of the higher ranks of management.

Members of the "apparat" were frequently transferred between different areas of responsibility, usually with little or no actual training for their new areas of responsibility. Thus, the term apparatchik, or "agent of the apparatus" was usually the best possible description of the person's profession and occupation.

The term was usually associated with a specific mindset, attitude and appearance of the person; when used by "outsiders", it often bore derogatory connotations.

Today this term is also used in contexts other than Soviet Union. For example, it is often used to describe people who cause bureaucratic bottlenecks in otherwise efficient organizations. It is also frequently used to describe individuals, appointed to positions in any government, on the basis of ideological or political loyalty rather than competence.

See also

* Bureaucracy
* New class
* Nomenklatura
* Partmaximum
* Political commissar

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Apparatchik — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Apparatchik (en ruso: аппаратчик; en AFI: [ʌpʌˈraʨɪk]; plural apparatchiki) es un término coloquial ruso que designaba a un funcionario profesional, a tiempo completo del Partido Comunista o la administración… …   Wikipedia Español

  • apparatchik — [ aparatʃik ] n. m. • 1965; mot russe ♦ Polit. Membre influent du parti communiste soviétique. ♢ Par ext. (d un parti quelconque) « Le sort des urnes a fait échouer les “apparatchiks”, les hommes d appareil, des trois grandes formations… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • apparatchik — (n.) Communist agent or spy, 1941, originally in writings of Arthur Koestler, from Russian, from apparat political organization (see APPARAT (Cf. apparat)). Russian plural is apparatchiki …   Etymology dictionary

  • apparatchik — ► NOUN (pl. apparatchiks or apparatchiki) 1) chiefly historical a member of the administrative system of a communist party. 2) derogatory or humorous an official in a large political organization. ORIGIN Russian, from German Apparat apparatus …   English terms dictionary

  • apparatchik — [äp΄ə rä′chik] n. pl. apparatchiks or apparatchiki [äp΄ə rächi kē] [Russ < APPARAT] 1. a member, esp. an official, of a Communist Party 2. a member of any political organization; esp., a bureaucrat …   English World dictionary

  • Apparatchik — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Apparatchik », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Apparatchik (en russe : аппаратчик, apparat) désigne en Union soviétique et dans les démocraties populaires, les cadres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • apparatchik — noun /apəˈɹatʃɪk,æpəˈɹæʧɪk/ a) A member of the Soviet apparat; a Communist bureaucrat or agent. Whether conservatively toeing their Marx or boldly advocating such heretical Western style reforms as the primacy of profits, every important planner …   Wiktionary

  • apparatchik — UK [ˌæpəˈrætʃɪk] / US noun [countable] Word forms apparatchik : singular apparatchik plural apparatchiks someone who works in an organization, especially a political party or large company, but is considered to have no views or beliefs of their… …   English dictionary

  • apparatchik — noun (plural chiks; also apparatchiki) Etymology: Russian, from apparat Date: 1941 1. a member of a Communist apparat 2. a blindly devoted official, follower, or member of an organization (as a …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • apparatchik — /ah peuh rah chik/; Russ. /u pu rddaht chyik/, n., pl. apparatchiks; Russ. apparatchiki / chyi kyee/. a member of an apparat, esp. in a Communist country. [1940 45; < Russ apparátchik, equiv. to apparát APPARAT + chik agent suffix] * * * …   Universalium


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