infobox UK place
country = England
population= c. 5,600 (2001 Census)
Vale of White Horse
region= South East England
postcode_district = SN7
static_image_caption=Faringdon market place
Faringdon is a
market townin the Vale of White Horse, in Oxfordshire, England. It is located on the edge of the Thames Valley, between the River Thamesand the Ridgeway.
2004-02-02, Faringdon was granted Fairtrade Townstatus. The town was twinned with Le Mêle-sur-Sarthein France, in 1990. Faringdon is also the base for the Faringdon Enterprise Gateway, which is run by the South East England Development Agencyto help and advise businesses in rural west Oxfordshire.
The name Faringdon means "fern covered hill". The Anglo-Saxon kings of
Wessexand later Englandhad a palace located in Faringdon. However, claims that King Edward the Elderdied there are misguided.
In the "
Domesday Book" of 1086, Faringdon is recorded as a manor and a mill. The town was given a royal charter by King John in 1216. The weekly market is still held today. He also established an abbeyin Faringdon, but it quickly moved to Beaulieu in Hampshire.
English Civil War, Faringdon was the scene of some fighting, due to its position overlooking the road to the Radcot Bridgeover the river Thames. The spire of All Saints' church was partly destroyed by a cannon-ball that went astray.
The Town Hall dates from the 17th century. It remains the centre of the town and its focal point. The £1.6m three-mile A420 bypass opened in July 1979.
There is a manor house and estate, close to the edge of Faringdon, called Faringon House. The original house was damaged during the
English Civil War. Its owner at the time, Sir Robert Pye, was kept prisoner in it at one point during the conflict. The smaller current house was built in around 1780. This house was the home of Lord Bernersin the middle part of the twentieth century. It currently belongs to the writer Sofka Zinovieff, though she does not live there.
Faringdon is home to the famous Faringdon Sponge Gravel, a
Cretaceousunit filled with spectacular fossil sponges, other invertebrates, a few vertebrate bones and teeth, and wonderful examples of bioerosion.
Close to the East side of town is Faringdon
Folly, situated atop Folly Hill (also known as Faringdon Hill), a Greensandoutcrop (at grid reference SU 298957). In common with Badbury Hill, close-by to the West, it has an ancient ditched defensive ring ( hill fort). This was fortified by supporters of Matilda sometime during the Anarchy(1135-1141) - her campaign to claim the throne from King Stephen. It was soon razed to the ground by Stephen. Oliver Cromwellfortified it in his unsuccessful campaign to deal with the Royalist garrison that was based on Faringdon House. The Pye family had Scots Pines planted around the summit, around the time that Faringdon House was rebuilt. This creates a conspicuous and recognisable landmark that can be seen from afar, including from the Vale of White Horse, the White Horse Hill, the Berkshire Downs, near Lockingeand the Cotswold Hills, to the North. The folly itself was built by Lord Bernersin 1935. It is 100 feet high and affords panoramic views of the Vale of White Horse. During the Second World War, it was used by the Home Guard as an observation post. In 1982, it was restored by Robert Heber-Percy and handed over to the town, in trust.Near the top of London Street situated close to the actual Faringdon Folly is the pub bearing the same name. Resembling a small living room with a bar placed in the middle it is a popular haunt for many of the town's young citizens.
Faringdon is connected to
Wantageby a regular bus service. The journey takes approximately 30 minutes and connects intervening villages to the two towns. As of 2007, the service is not heavily used and is in danger of being withdrawn. Faringdon is also connected to Swindonand Oxfordby regular bus services.
A 3.5 mile branch line was opened in 1864, between Faringdon and the
Great Western Railway(GWR) at Uffington, with construction funded by the Faringdon Railway Company (purchased outright by the GWR in 1886). Passenger traffic peaked in 1913, but later declined to such extent that the passenger service was withdrawn in 1951. Freight traffic continued to use the line until the Beeching cuts of 1964. The station building is still extant, having been used for various commercial purposes (currently a nursery school).
Faringdon is notable for the dyed pigeons at Faringdon House. The custom of dyeing pidgeons was originally started by the eccentric
Lord Berners.fact|date=January 2008
Faringdon also has an annual arts festival at a weekend early in July, the first of which occurred in 2004.
Faringdon is also the home of the composer John Ridgway
* [http://www.faringdon.org Faringdon.org Community Site]
* [http://www.faringdon.co.uk Faringdon.co.uk Business & Community Site]
* [http://www.faringdontowncouncil.org.uk Faringdon Town Council Site]
* [http://www.faringdonchamber.com Faringdon Chamber of Commerce Site]
* [http://www.faringdonadvertiser.co.uk Faringdon Advertiser Site]
* [http://www.faringdon.org/ttfolly.htm The Folly Tower Trust]
* [http://www.berkshirehistory.com/odds/faringdon_folly.html Picture of the Folly]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/wiltshire/entertainment/days_out/faringdon_folly.shtml BBC website ref. Faringdon Folly with panoramic view of Faringdon]
* [http://users.ox.ac.uk/~peter/workhouse/Faringdon/Faringdon.shtml Faringdon Workhouse]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Faringdon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda … Wikipedia Español
Faringdon — Faringdon … Wikipédia en Français
Faringdon — (spr. färringd n, Great F.), Marktflecken in Berkshire (England), am obern Ock, alte Residenz der Sachsenkönige, mit alter gotischer Kirche (jetzt restauriert) und (1891) 3133 Einw. 6 km südlich von F., beim Dorf Uffington, erhebt sich der White… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Faringdon — (spr. färringd n), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Berks, unweit der Themse, (1901) 5326 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Faringdon — Original name in latin Faringdon Name in other language Faringdon State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.65644 latitude 1.58676 altitude 109 Population 6325 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Faringdon Castle — was just outside the market town of Faringdon in the English county of Oxfordshire (formerly Berkshire until 1974), some 17 Km to the north east of Swindon (gbmapping|SU297957).This castle was built on the site of an Iron Age hillfort known as… … Wikipedia
Faringdon, Blessed Hugh — • His family name was Cook; Faringdon is his probable birthplace. Mitred abbot of Reading. When he refused to surrender the abbey, he was condemned to death. Martyred in 1539 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Faringdon Railway — Die Faringdon Railway war eine britische Eisenbahngesellschaft in Berkshire in England. Die Gesellschaft erhielt am 13. August 1860 die Konzession zum Bau einer 5,6 Kilometer langen 2140 mm Breitspur Bahnstrecke von Faringdon nach Uffington… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hugh Cook Faringdon — (unknown to 15 November 1539), also known as Hugh Faringdon or Hugh Cook of Faringdon where he was presumably born. He was appointed Abbot of Reading Abbey in 1520, on the death of Abbot Thomas Worcester.At first his relationship with King Henry… … Wikipedia
Baron Faringdon — Baron Faringdon, of Buscot Park in the county of Berkshire (now Oxfordshire), is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1916 for Alexander Henderson, who had previously represented Stafford West and St George s, Hanover… … Wikipedia