Religious communism


Religious communism

Religious communism is a form of communism centered on religious principles. The term usually refers to a number of egalitarian and utopian religious societies practicing the voluntary dissolution of private property, so that society's benefits are distributed according to a person's needs, and every person performs labor according to their abilities. "Religious communism" has also been used to describe the ideas of religious individuals and groups who advocate the application of communist policies on a wider scale, often joining secular communists in their struggle to abolish capitalism.

The use of the word "communism" in a religious context predates the use of the term to describe more secular forms of communism, such as that advocated by François Babeuf in the 18th century, and Karl Marx in the 19th century. Because of the secular nature of Marxism, many religious people on the political right oppose the use of the term "communism" to refer to religious communal societies, preferring names such as "communalism" instead.

Examples of religious communism

The term "religious communism" has been ascribed to the social arrangement practiced by many orders of monks and nuns of such religions as Christianity, Taoism, Jainism, Hinduism and Buddhism. Though Islam does not follow such an arrangement, some scholars have found a number of other parallels between communism and Islamic economic jurisprudence, such as the Islamic ideas of zakat and riba. [Bernard Lewis (1954), "Communism and Islam", "International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-)" 30 (1), p. 1-12.] The teachings of Mazdak, a religious proto-socialist Persian reformer, has also been referred to as early "communism".Wherry, Rev. E. M. "A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran and Preliminary Discourse", 1896. pp 66.]

It is argued that the New Testament of the Bible relates how some of the early Christians lived in communities organized according to communist-like principles (see Christian communism).::"all who owned property or houses sold them and lay them at the feet of the apostles to be distributed to everyone according to his need." (Acts 4:32-35; see also 2:42-47)

Various other Christian communities have organized themselves along similar principles since then. Due to the generally small size of these communities, little is known about the ones that are believed to have existed more than a few centuries ago. There are several examples from recent history, however, including the pilgrims of Plymouth Colony, the Shakers, the Harmony Society, Hutterites, some groups within the Religious Society of Friends, and the United Order and the early Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

The Diggers movement in England in the year 1649 may also be described as an example of religious communism. The Diggers were particularly concerned with the communal ownership of land.

ee also

*Christian communism
*Diane Drufenbrock
*Ebionites
*Hutterites
*United Order
*Sabbath economics

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Communism in Kerala — Communism in India Communist Party of India AITUC AIKS AIYF AISF NFIW BKMU Communist Party of India (Marxist) …   Wikipedia

  • Religious socialism — is a term used to describe forms of socialism that are based on religious values.Several major religions have found that their beliefs about human society fit with socialist principles and ideas. As a result, religious socialist movements have… …   Wikipedia

  • Communism — For the form of government in which a state is controlled by a communist party, see Communist state. Part of the series on …   Wikipedia

  • Communism in Korea — Part of the series on Communism …   Wikipedia

  • Communism and homosexuality — Part of the series on Communism …   Wikipedia

  • Communism — • In its more general signification communism refers to any social system in which all property, or at least all productive property, is owned by the group, or community, instead of by individuals Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • COMMUNISM — COMMUNISM, the international revolutionary Marxist movement that evolved under lenin s leadership from the Bolshevik faction (created in 1903 in the Russian Social Democratic Party) to become the ruling party of Russia after the October… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • communism — /kom yeuh niz euhm/, n. 1. a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. 2. (often cap.) a system of social organization in… …   Universalium

  • religious policies of the state — The CCP’s policy towards religion in the reform period has offered limited protection for individuals’ right to believe in and practise religion, while regulating religious activities and controlling religious organization. Within this broad… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Religious education in Romania — The Romanian Revolution of 1989, which ended the Communist regime of Nicolae Ceauşescu in December 1989, offered the 15 religious denominations then recognized in Romania the chance to regain the terrain lost after 1945, the year when Dr. Petru… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.