Armillaria mellea


Armillaria mellea
Armillaria mellea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Basidiomycetes
Subclass: Agaricomycetidae
Order: Agaricales
Family: Physalacriaceae
Genus: Armillaria
Species: A. mellea
Binomial name
Armillaria mellea
(Vahl) P. Kumm. (1871)
Synonyms

Agaricus melleus Vahl (1790)
Agaricus sulphureus Weinm.
Armillaria mellea var. glabra Gillet (1874)
Armillaria mellea var. maxima Barla (1887)
Armillaria mellea var. minor Barla (1887)
Armillaria mellea var. sulphurea (Weinm.) Fr. (1879)
Armillariella mellea (Vahl) P. Karst. (1881)
Clitocybe mellea (Vahl) Ricken (1915)
Lepiota mellea (Vahl) J.E. Lange (1915)

Armillaria mellea
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is convex

or flat

hymenium is adnate

or subdecurrent
stipe has a ring
spore print is white
ecology is parasitic

edibility: choice

but not recommended

Armillaria mellea is a plant pathogen and a species of Honey fungus. It causes Armillaria root rot in many plant species. The mushrooms are edible but some people may be intolerant to them.[1] The fungus produces mushrooms around the base of trees it has infected. As the fungus causes root rot, symptoms also appear in the crowns of infected trees as death and dieback of the branches.[2] This species is capable of producing light via bioluminiscence.[3]

Armillaria mellea grows throughout North America and other parts of the world.[4] The fruiting body or mushroom known as stump mushroom, stumpie, honey mushroom, pipinky or pinky grows typically on hardwoods but may be found around and on other living and dead wood or in open areas.[5]

Armillaria mellea Linden.jpg

See also

References

  1. ^ Mushroom Expert - Armillaria mellea
  2. ^ Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet 78 U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service - Armillaria Root Disease
  3. ^ FOXFIRE: Bioluminescence in the Forest
  4. ^ National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms;Lincoff,Gary;Dec.1981:pp. 736–737.
  5. ^ Field Guide to Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic;Russell,Bill;2006.pp. 156–158.

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Armillaria mellea — Gemeiner Hallimasch Gemeiner Hallimasch (Armillaria mellea) Systematik Klasse: Agaricomycetes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Armillaria mellea — Armillaire couleur de miel Armillaria mellea …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Armillaria mellea —    (Synonyme: Rhizomorpha subcorticalis)    L armillaria mellea est un champignon qui s attaque aux racines et aux ceps de vigne, il forme des grandes touffes …   L'Abécédaire du Vin

  • Armillaria mellea — …   Википедия

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  • Armillaria — Hallimasche Gemeiner Hallimasch (Armillaria mellea) Systematik Klasse: Ständerpilze (Basidiomycetes) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Armillaria — Pour les articles homonymes, voir armillaire. Armillaria …   Wikipédia en Français