- Anglo-Dutch Java War
The Anglo-Dutch Java War in
1810- 1811was a war between the United Kingdomand the Netherlandsfought entirely on the Island of Java in colonial Indonesia.
The governor-general of the
Dutch East Indies, Herman Willem Daendels(1762-1818), fortified the island of Java against possible British attack. In 1810 a strong British East India Companyexpedition under Gilbert Elliot, first earl of Minto, governor-general of India, conquered the French islands of Bourbon ( Réunion) and Mauritiusin the Indian Oceanand the Dutch East Indian possessions of Ambon and the Molucca Islands. Afterwards, it moved against Java, captured the port city of Batavia ( Jakarta) in August 1811, and forced the Dutch to surrender at Semarangon September 17, 1811. Java, Palembang(in Sumatra), Macassar(Makasar, Celebes), and Timorwere ceded to the British. Appointed lieutenant governor of Java, Thomas Stamford Raffles(1781-1826) ended Dutch administrative methods, liberalized the system of land tenure, and extended trade. In 1816, the British returned Java and other East Indian possessions to the Dutch as part of the accord ending the Napoleonic Wars.
Thomas Stamford Raffles
* Samuel Auchmuty
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