Gereon


Gereon

Infobox Saint
name=Saint Gereon
birth_date=unknown
death_date=d. ca. 304 AD
feast_day=October 10
venerated_in=Cologne, Germany


imagesize=150px
caption=
birth_place=
death_place=Cologne
titles=Martyr
attributes=Depicted as medieval knight or Roman legionnaire
patronage=Cologne; knights of Cologne; invoked against headaches, migraine
major_shrine=Cologne

Saint Gereon of Köln ( _fr. Géréon), who may have been a soldier, was martyred at Cologne, allegedly by beheading, probably in the early 4th century.

According to his legend, Gereon (called the "Golden Saint") was said to be a soldier of the Theban Legion. Gregory of Tours, writing in the 6th century, said that Gereon and his companions were a detachment of fifty men of the Theban Legion who were massacred at Agaunum by order of Emperor Maximian for refusing to sacrifice to pagan gods to obtain victory in battle. [http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/1010.htm]

Some of his companions' names are stated as being Cassius, Gregorius Maurus, Florentius, Innocentius (Innocent), Constantinus, and Victor.

Saint Bede mentions that their feast was included in the Sarum calendar, as well as the calendars of Barking and Durham. Later medieval legends increased the number of Gereon's companions to 290 or 319, and Saint Norbert of Xanten is said to have discovered, through a vision, the spot at Cologne where the relics of Saint Ursula and her companions, of Saint Gereon, and of other martyrs lay hidden.

Gereon became a popular military saint and is often represented in art as a Roman soldier or medieval knight. Along with other saints who were beheaded, he is invoked by those suffering from migraine headaches. Helinand of Froidmont's "Martyrium" mentions Saint Gereon. St. Gereon's Basilica, in Cologne, is dedicated to him.

External links

* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/SAINTS/saintg3w.htm Patron Saints: Gereon]
* [http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/1010.htm Gereon and Companions]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gereon — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Er ist vor allem im Kölner Bereich zu finden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Ortsname 3 Namenstag 4 bekannte Namensträge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gereon — Gereon, Gerion griechischer Ursprung, Bedeutung: Greis. Namensträger: Hl. Gereon, christlicher Märtyrer …   Deutsch namen

  • Gereon — m German: confined almost exclusively to the Cologne area, this represents the name of a saint martyred there at the beginning of the 4th century. He was executed together with a band of companions traditionally said to have numbered 318. The… …   First names dictionary

  • Gereon — Gereon,   Märtyrer, ✝ Köln 304 (?); soll Mitglied der Thebäischen Legion gewesen und mit zahlreichen Gefährten in Köln hingerichtet worden sein. Heiliger (Tag in Köln: 10. 10.) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gereon, SS. (1) — 1SS. Gereon et 318 Soc. MM. (10. Oct. al. 24. Nov.) Dieser hl. Gereon war Befehlshaber einer römischen Cohorte, welche um das J. 259 aus Afrika nach Cöln und Umgegend bis nach Transdorf (Trajansdorf) zur Unterdrückung von Unruhen gerufen werden… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Gerĕon, St. — St. Gerĕon, 1) Soldat in der Thebaischen Legion, Märtyrer unter Kaiser Maximian; Tag der 10. October. 2) Nach Einigen der Gründer der Christlichen Kirche in Köln …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gereon — *1. Das dich S. ⇨ Gereonsthurn plage. – Tappius, 43b. Lat.: In lapidicinas. (Erasm., 457; Tappius, 43b; Henisch, 1511, 35.) *2. Einen in Sanct Gereon s Loch setzen, dass ihn die Sonne nicht bescheine …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Gereon (2) — 2Gereon, (1. Aug.), ein Mönch, welcher in Hemmenrode beigesetzt ist und im Rufe der Heiligkeit steht, jedoch von den Bollandisten übergangen wird. (I. 4.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Géréon — (Géo Géron) martyr de la légion thébaine. Nom grec Gereo …   Dictionnaire des saints

  • Gereon Goldmann — Gereon Karl Goldmann Nacimiento 25 de octubre de 1916 Ziegenhain, Alemania Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español