India Gate, one of the largest war memorials in India commemorating the 90,000 soldiers who died during World War I and the Afghan Wars
A wall-mounted memorial to Mary Carpenter in Bristol Cathedral with an example of a signed and dated maker's mark by monumental mason J. Havard of London

A memorial is an object which serves as a focus for memory of something, usually a person (who has died) or an event. Popular forms of memorials include landmark objects or art objects such as sculptures, statues or fountains, and even entire parks.

The most common type of memorial is the gravestone or the memorial plaque. Also common are war memorials commemorating those who have died in wars. Memorials in the form of a cross are called intending crosses.

Online Memorials and tributes are becoming increasingly popular especially with the increase in natural burial where the laying of gravestones, or memorial plaques, is often not permitted.[1] Online tributes and memorials create a way for family and friends from various countries to interact and share memories and photographs.[2] This is becoming more and more popular as it provides a private space that can be easily reflected upon at any time.

When somebody has died, the family may request that a memorial gift (usually money) be given to a designated charity, or that a tree be planted in memory of the person.[3]

Sometimes, when a high school student has died, the memorials are placed in the form of a scholarship, to be awarded to high-achieving students in future years.

See also


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  • mémorial — mémorial, iaux [ memɔrjal, jo ] n. m. • XIIIe; bas lat. memoriale 1 ♦ Écrit où est consignée ce dont on veut se souvenir. Le « Mémorial » de Pascal. (Titres) Mémoires. « Mémorial de Sainte Hélène », de Las Cases. 2 ♦ Anglic. Monument commémoratif …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • memorial — MEMORIÁL, Ă, memoriali, e, s.n., adj. I. s.n. 1. Specie literară, asemănătoare cu însemnările de călătorie şi cu memoriile, care consemnează observaţii ştiinţifice, amintiri ori impresii personale asupra faptelor sau evenimentelor la care a… …   Dicționar Român

  • Memorial — ist eine internationale Menschenrechtsorganisation. Sie wurde 1988 auf Initiative von Andrei Sacharow in Russland gegründet und widmet sich der historischen Aufarbeitung politischer Gewaltherrschaft, der Einhaltung der Menschenrechte und der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mémorial — is the official gazette of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It is published by the Central Legislation Service (French: Service central de législation), an agency of the government of Luxembourg. Until the Second World War, Mémorial was published… …   Wikipedia

  • mémorial — 1. (mé mo ri al) s. m. 1°   Ce qui sert à conserver la mémoire de quelque chose. •   On se prosternait devant l arche comme devant le mémorial de Dieu, BOSSUET Lett. sur l adorat. de la croix. •   Les pierres qu ils avaient dressées ou entassées… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Memorial — (de memoria) puede referirse a: Un tipo de documento en el que se recopilan hechos (como la crónica o la relación), y más específicamente, el texto destinado a quejas, súplicas o instancias ante una institución gubernamental o ante un superior a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Memorial — Me*mo ri*al, a. [F. m[ e]morial, L. memorialis, fr. memoria. See {Memory}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Serving to preserve remembrance; commemorative; as, a memorial building. [1913 Webster] There high in air, memorial of my name, Fix the smooth oar, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • memorial — Como sustantivo, se usa en español con los sentidos de ‘escrito en que se plantea una petición’: «Enviaron ayer un memorial al presidente Álvaro Arzú, para que en la agenda centroamericana con Bill Clinton [...] se dé prioridad al tema… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • memoriał — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. memoriałale {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} pismo wystosowane do władz, np. do sejmu, dawniej do króla, referujące czyjeś stanowisko w jakiejś kwestii, stanowiące apel o… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • memorial — sustantivo masculino 1. Escrito razonado en favor de alguna persona o cosa: Dedicaba sus últimos años a escribir memoriales al Gobierno sobre los militares republicanos. 2. Acto para honrar la memoria de un personaje: Se ha establecido el… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Memorial — Me*mo ri*al, n. [Cf. F. m[ e]morial.] 1. Anything intended to preserve the memory of a person or event; something which serves to keep something else in remembrance; a monument. Macaulay. [1913 Webster] Churches have names; some as memorials of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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